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Design and Implementation of WebBased Drug Inventory Management System

Design and Implementation of Web-Based Drug Inventory Management System

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Reference ID: PS-5015-TM


This research material titled “Design and Implementation of Web-Based Drug Inventory Management System” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.


I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of Web-Based Drug Inventory Management System” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.







    • 2.1 Introduction



    • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
    • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
    • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
    • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
    • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
    • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
    • 3.3 Feasibility Study
    • 3.3.1 Economic Feasibility
    • 3.3.2 Technical Feasibility
    • 3.3.3 Operational Feasibility
    • 3.4 Analysis of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.3 Justification of the Proposed System
    • 3.5 Functional Requirements
    • 3.5.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
    • 3.6 Data Requirements
    • 3.7 High Level Model of the Proposed System



    • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
    • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
    • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
    • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
    • 4.4 System Specification and Design
    • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
    • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
    • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
    • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
    • 4.6 Program Documentation
    • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
    • 4.7.1 System Testing
    • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
    • 4.8.1 Installation
    • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
    • 4.10 Software Requirement
    • 4.11 Personnel / User Training
    • 4.12 File Maintenance Module



    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Summary
    • 5.3 Conclusion
    • 5.4 Recommendation




    Design and Implementation of Web-Based Drug Inventory Management System


    1.0 Introduction

    This chapter discusses the background to the study, statement of the problem, objectives of study, significance of study, scope of study, limitations of study and operational definition of terms.

    1.1 Background Of Study

    The control and maintenance of inventory is a vital problem experienced almost by all sectors of the economy. This topic is very important, as all organizations deal with inventories on a daily basis. Neglecting the importance of inventory in any organization can lead to the closing down of the company, especially if the factors of production are not well managed in order to meet customers’ needs or desires, the company will grind to a halt. The inventory problem consists of having sufficient items available when desired by the customers. The stock of items must be reasonable, meaning that it should not be too much or too little. The company should be in a position to meet customers’ demand in terms of quantity and quality

    Drug inventory management is a key management function in hospital administration particularly in Federal Medical Centers Bida. The purchasing, storing, distributing and controlling of drugs are activities in drug management process which have the ultimate aim of improving patient care in the various medical centers. Hospital pharmacies throughout Nigeria may be experiencing inventory problems that have resulted in wastage and shortage of drugs due to the use of inefficient (existing manual process) The obvious outcome of this problem is a retrogressive effect on patient care due to delayed procedures and drug substitutions (Fox and Tyler 2003).

    While some drug shortages are uncontrollable (e.g. due to a natural disaster), others can be controlled. Inventory, which is a result of the purchasing process, must be well controlled. However, based on daily activities performed in the hospital pharmacy, the main concerns regarding managing inventory occur during purchasing process. It is problematic and time consuming to decide when and how much to order. Improper inventory management can also result from the procurement expertise of those managing the inventory (Alverson, 2003). Although pharmacists in hospitals have expertise in the efficacy and treatment protocols of drugs that are administered to patients, they are also tasked with managing, ordering, and producing the drugs that are ultimately dispensed to patients.

    1.2 Statement Of Problem

    Due to problem been faced with the existing file method of inventory management. There are two foremost statements of the problem which is to be solved by the proposed Centralized Inventory system:

    1. No automated process to manipulate data; currently Pharmacy Department of FMC, Bida does not have an automated inventory system. All process of drug management is done at file-base record level thus to manipulate drug such as add, delete. or edit is not available.
    2. Pharmacist consistent error on multiple or under ordering of drugs.
    3. No accurate mechanism to remind for critical quantity of each drug.

    1.3 Objectives Of The Study

    Aim: This project is aimed to develop Web-based Drug Inventory Management System to automate and support the current process of drug inventory and distribution between FMC, Bida and its Units

    The objectives of this project are:

    1. To explore issues associated with the current file based record of drug inventory and distribution process in FMC, Bida.
    2. To develop a Web-based Drug Inventory Management System prototype for FMC, Bida

    1.4 Significant Of The Study

    The designing and implementing of Web-based Drug Inventory Management System is in view to enhance and eliminate all obvious lapses in the pharmacy department, such as; missing drugs, files, unaccounted monies etc. Because an automated process of drug inventory will record and store /backup information in its main and back-up memories, which can be retrieved at a press of button

    1.5 Scope Of The Study

    There are five units in the pharmacy department at the Federal Medical Center, Bida and two out-units. One situated at Gawu-Babangida and the other at Zungeru all in Niger state. These out units are autonomous, while the Pharmacy units in Bida center are

    1. National insurance health services (NHIS) Unit
    2. Accident & Emergency (A&E) Unit
    3. Obstetrics & Gynaecology (O&G) Unit
    4. Paediatrics Unit
    5. General Out-patient Clinic (GOPC) Unit and a central store, where all drugs is stored to serve these five units.

    This project therefore seeks to unravel a Web-base Drug Inventory System at Federal Medical Center, Bida to improve patient care.

    1.6 Limitation Of The Study

    This study is limited to the Federal Medical Center Pharmacy Department Bida and its five (5) pharmaceutical units within Bida; those outside Bida i.e. Zungeru and Gawu-babangida are not considered for this study .I was restricted to all sensitive information at FMC, Bida at the time of this research work

    1.7 Terminology Used In The Inventory


    All items or materials stored within the organization.


    List of items contained in the stock. Refer to the list of stocks and the stock itself.


    One of the products kept in stock, is an input in inventory.


    Standard size or quantity of the items in the catalogue.

    Control Inventory:

    Activities or procedures used to ensure that the correct amount should be kept in stock.


    2.0 Literature Review

    2.1 Introduction

    This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

    Summary Headlines for Design and Implementation of Web-Based Drug Inventory Management System

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