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Design and Implementation of a Web Based System for Evaluating Health Care Management

Design and Implementation of a Web Based System for Evaluating Health Care Management

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Reference ID: PS-5413-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Implementation of a Web Based System for Evaluating Health Care Management” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of a Web Based System for Evaluating Health Care Management” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION


    CHAPTER TWO

    LITERATURE REVIEW

    • 2.1 Introduction

    CHAPTER THREE

    SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

    • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
    • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
    • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
    • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
    • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
    • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
    • 3.3 Feasibility Study
    • 3.3.1 Economic Feasibility
    • 3.3.2 Technical Feasibility
    • 3.3.3 Operational Feasibility
    • 3.4 Analysis of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.3 Justification of the Proposed System
    • 3.5 Functional Requirements
    • 3.5.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
    • 3.6 Data Requirements
    • 3.7 High Level Model of the Proposed System

    CHAPTER FOUR

    SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

    • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
    • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
    • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
    • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
    • 4.4 System Specification and Design
    • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
    • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
    • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
    • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
    • 4.6 Program Documentation
    • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
    • 4.7.1 System Testing
    • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
    • 4.8.1 Installation
    • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
    • 4.10 Software Requirement
    • 4.11 Personnel / User Training
    • 4.12 File Maintenance Module

    CHAPTER FIVE

    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Summary
    • 5.3 Conclusion
    • 5.4 Recommendation

    REFERENCES

    APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

    APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”


    Design and Implementation of a Web Based System for Evaluating Health Care Management

    CHAPTER ONE

    1.0 Introduction

    Almost everyone would say that they want high quality health care and most people have an intuitive sense of what that means. When one wants to develop a research project related to quality of care, however, one quickly finds what is true in many areas of research; that it is much easier to have a sense of what quality is than it is to develop an operational definition and valid and reliable measures of quality. Part of the complexity in defining quality of care is that different groups can have very different reasons for measuring quality and hence different measurement criteria and emphases. [1]. For example:

    Clinicians or those who manage and provide clinical care might be interested in evaluating quality so that they can monitor and improve the services they are providing to individual patients.

    Regulators may be interested in ensuring that care provided by a health care organization (e.g. health plan or hospital) meets a minimal standard and/or is making credible efforts to improve care quality.

    Consumers and other purchasers may be most interested in information that they can use to select clinicians or health care organizations.

    Although all of these parties might agree on a definition of high quality care they might select different measures and researchers studying these different areas might have similar variations in emphases. There is still a tremendous need for more work in measuring and improving the quality of care. In the United States for example, it was found that only 50% of patients studied received recommended preventative care, only 70% received recommended acute care, 30% received contraindicated acute care, only 60% received recommended acute care, and 20% received contraindicated chronic care [2].

    Intelligence based systems can be distinguished from conventional computer systems in that: They simulate human reasoning about the problem domain, rather than simulating the domain itself, they perform reasoning over representations of human knowledge, in addition to doing numerical calculations or data retrieval. They have corresponding distinct modules referred to as the inference engine and the knowledge base. With the increasing effect of globalization and technology, organizations have started to use information systems in various functions and departments in the last decades. Developing an intelligence web-based system to evaluate healthcare will enable the hospital management, individuals and other international healthcare organizations to determine the performance level of clinics and hospital in successfully managing the different diagnosed diseases. It will also help in revealing the efficiency of the medical establishment in delivering quality healthcare.

    1.1 Statement of the Problem

    The following problems necessitated this study:

    1. There is no automated system to evaluate the quality of healthcare of hospitals.
    2. The extent to which the doctors and nurses have successfully treated several diseases cannot be easily determined due to the absence of an evaluation system.
    3. There is limited research conducted in the area of evaluation of health care.

    1.2 Aim and Objectives of the Study

    The aim of the study is to develop an intelligent web-based health care management evaluation system. The following are the specific objectives:

    1. To develop a web-based system that will capture evaluation data that will be used for health care evaluation.
    2. To develop a system that will be used to determine the performance level of the hospital in handling different ailments.
    3. To develop a system that will be used to obtain reports of healthcare evaluation.

    1.3 Significance of the Study

    The study is significant in the following ways:

    1. It will help in providing healthcare evaluation information that will help the hospital in determining their performance.
    2. The evaluation information provided will enable hospital management to identify their area of weakness and strengths.
    3. The study will help in providing valuable information that will enable the hospital to improve their healthcare services.
    4. The study will also serve as a useful reference material for other researchers seeking related information.

    1.4 Scope of the Study

    This study covers the development of an intelligent web-based health care management evaluation system using cottage hospital, Ikot Ekpene, as a case study. It is limited to evaluation of healthcare services delivered by the hospital in relation to patient’s satisfaction and also the evaluation of successfully handled medical cases.


    1.5 Organization of Research

    This research work is organized into five chapters.

    Chapter one is concerned with the introduction of the research study and it presents the, statement of the problem theoretical background, , aim and objectives of the study, significance of the study, scope of the study, organization of the research and definition of terms.

    Chapter two focuses on the literature review, the contributions of other scholars on the subject matter is discussed.

    Chapter three is concerned with the system analysis and design. It presents the description of the existing system, analysis of the proposed system and design of the proposed system is also presented in this chapter.

    Chapter four presents the choice of development environment, implementation architecture, software testing, documentation, user manual and source code listing.

    Chapter five focuses on the summary, conclusion and recommendations are provided in this chapter based on the study carried out.


    1.6 Definition of Terms


    Artificial Intelligence:

    The theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence.


    Evaluation:

    The making of a judgment about the amount, number, or value of something. It can also be seen as an assessment of how something is.


    Health care:

    The organized provision of medical care to individuals or a community.


    Intelligence system:

    Artificial intelligence based system that converts the knowledge of an expert in a specific subject into a software code.


    Satisfaction:

    Fulfillment of one’s wishes, expectations, or needs, or the pleasure derived from this.


    Patient:

    A person receiving medical treatment.


    Web-based application:

    Any program that is accessed over a network connection using HTTP, rather than existing within a device’s memory.

    CHAPTER TWO

    2.0 Literature Review

    2.1 Introduction

    This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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