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Design and Implementation of an Online System for Tourism Information Management

Design and Implementation of an Online System for Tourism Information Management

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Reference ID: PS-5297-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Implementation of an Online System for Tourism Information Management” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of an Online System for Tourism Information Management” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION


    CHAPTER TWO

    LITERATURE REVIEW

    • 2.1 Introduction

    CHAPTER THREE

    SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

    • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
    • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
    • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
    • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
    • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
    • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
    • 3.3 Feasibility Study
    • 3.3.1 Economic Feasibility
    • 3.3.2 Technical Feasibility
    • 3.3.3 Operational Feasibility
    • 3.4 Analysis of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.3 Justification of the Proposed System
    • 3.5 Functional Requirements
    • 3.5.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
    • 3.6 Data Requirements
    • 3.7 High Level Model of the Proposed System

    CHAPTER FOUR

    SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

    • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
    • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
    • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
    • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
    • 4.4 System Specification and Design
    • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
    • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
    • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
    • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
    • 4.6 Program Documentation
    • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
    • 4.7.1 System Testing
    • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
    • 4.8.1 Installation
    • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
    • 4.10 Software Requirement
    • 4.11 Personnel / User Training
    • 4.12 File Maintenance Module

    CHAPTER FIVE

    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Summary
    • 5.3 Conclusion
    • 5.4 Recommendation

    REFERENCES

    APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

    APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”


    Design and Implementation of an Online System for Tourism Information Management

    CHAPTER ONE


    Introduction

    1.1 Background Of The Study

    Tourism is the vehicle through which the culture, nature and history of a given society or location is appreciated by people of diverse nations. Tourism is traveling for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes or the provision of services to support this leisure travel. Furthermore, a tourist is someone who travels at least eighty kilometers (fifty miles) from home for the purpose of recreation. To a lay-man, tourism could just be the act of visiting other places for the purpose of sight seeing and enjoyment but the activities of tourism are more than that. In other words, tourism is said to be the activities of the people traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited. It is recognize as a diverse multi-sectoral activity. While driven by visitors choice and expenditure much of the visitors experience rests on the environmental attributes, amenities and services that a destination provides. Tourism is vital for many countries due to the income generated by the consumption of goods and services by tourists the taxes levied on businesses in the tourism industry and the opportunity for employment in the service industries associated with tourism. Therefore, the important role which tourism plays in the computation of the national gross domestic product cannot be over emphasized, judging from available data. According to the World Travel and Tourism council data provided on Nigeria Tourism industry, an estimate of 1,856 job opportunity were created while tourism was credited to have contributed $5,816m to the GDP (6.6%) in the year 2006. so the acceptance and consequently, the competitiveness of a Tourism Information System (TIS) is mainly determined by the quantity and quality of data it provides.


    1.2 Statement Of The Problem

    This implies that the Nigerian tourism industry is yet to tap into the many opportunities which the information and Communication Technologies offers, then the various service industries associated with tourism would therefore derive immense benefits from the application of IT in Tourism.


    1.3 Aim And Objectives Of The Study

    The major aim of this research work is to create an information system that will be beneficial in some areas where IT can be deployed in tourism such as the administration and provision of information to potential tourists. The system is targeted at implementing a web based interactive query interface on tourism and tourist site in Cross River State, thereby making the retrieval of information easier and faster. The system would enable potential tourist to obtain relevant information on the various tourist sites in Cross River State, such information includes

    1. Costs and means of transportation to the tourist sites,
    2. Hotel or lodging accommodations
    3. Important date and fact about the tourist sites

    It will also brings together extensive information which will enable tourists decide on the tourist site to visit, plan such visit and thus derive maximum satisfaction from this money.


    1.4 Scope And Limitation Of The Study

    This research is limited to selected tourist sites in Cross River State only. The research work, which will focus on the use of Information Technology (IT) toward facilitating the achievement of an overall national development through tourism. The proposed web based tourism information system will serve as information portal for tourists interested in visiting Cross River State in Nigeria.


    1.5 Justification Of The Study

    This work focuses on the use of Information Technology (IT) towards facilitating an overall national development through tourism. Tourism is vital for many countries due to the income generated by the consumption of goods and services by tourists, the taxes levied on businesses in the tourism industry and the opportunity for employment in the service industries associated with tourism. The various service industries associated with tourism will therefore derive immense benefits from the application of IT in tourism.

    However, web based tourist information systems are required not to offer online brochures only, but rather to provide both value and service.

    With the advent of artificial intelligence and expert systems, which is aimed at mining human thinking and reasoning of experts, this feat in tourism information system, can be obtained. Tourism knowledge of experts can be stored and retrieved. The proposed web based tourism information system enables information to be retrieved at real timely.


    1.6 Research Methodology

    Information gotten for this research work was through personal interviews and review of related documents.

    MYSQL will be used to store the captured information about Cross River Tourism Industry and an index of users queries will be created and stored in the database. The front-end application will be using HTML (hypertext markup language). The HTML pages presenting this information to the tourist will automatically be generated by the system in order to increase run time performance. Any time the underlying information changes, the affected pages will automatically re-generate.

    The WAMP5 servers will provides the web implementation environment and the results will be displays in an index form.

    The PHP (PHP hypertext preprocessor) scripting language will also be used for coding at the back-end.


    1.7 Definition Of Terms

    An information system consists of all the ways that people communicate with others

    Tourism information system:

    Is a specific type of information system. It consists of all the information channels used in a business or community to promote itself as a tourism attraction gadget.

    MYSQL:

    Means structured query language which is used in querying a database through the use of commands

    Web server:

    A web server is sometimes referred to as host which specifies the host name where WebPages reside.

    HTML:

    Hypertext markup language is the official web programming language, which used in the design of

    WebPages.

    HTML consists of various tags that are executed as a command. With HTML, tags are placed within the text to accomplish document formatting, visual features such as front size, italics and bold and the creation of hypertext links. Graphics may also be incorporated into an HTML document. HTML is an evolving language, with new tags being added as each upgrade of the language is developed and released.

    Database:

    A database is a single organized collection of structured data, stored with a minimum of duplication of data items so as to provide a consistent and controlled pool of data.

    PHP:

    It allows the separation of HTML code from scripted element. It also can remove obstacles that stand in the way of effective and flexible design. It also designed to run on many operating systems and to co-operate with many servers and databases.

    CHAPTER TWO

    2.0 Literature Review

    2.1 Introduction

    This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

    Summary Headlines for Design and Implementation of an Online System for Tourism Information Management



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