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Design and Implementation of an Automated Medical Diagnosis and Theraphy System

Design and Implementation of an Automated Medical Diagnosis and Theraphy System

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Reference ID: PS-5073-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Implementation of an Automated Medical Diagnosis and Theraphy System” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of an Automated Medical Diagnosis and Theraphy System” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.


Design and Implementation of an Automated Medical Diagnosis and Theraphy System

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

  • 1.0 Introduction
  • 1.1 General Overview
  • 1.2 Background of the Study
  • 1.3 Statements of the Problem
  • 1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Project
  • 1.5 Research Methodology
  • 1.6 Scope of the Project
  • 1.7 Limitation of the Project
  • 1.8 Definition of the Project

CHAPTER TWO

  • 2.0 Literature Review
  • 2.1 Review to the New System
  • 2.2 Review of the Existing System
  • 2.3 Software Used

CHAPTER THREE

  • 3.0 System Analysis 9
  • 3.1 Analysis of the Existing System
  • 3.2 Problem of the Existing System

CHAPTER FOUR

  • 4.0 System Design, Implementation and Documentation
  • 4.1 System Design
  • 4.2 Input Design
  • 4.3 Output Design
  • 4.4 System Implementation
  • 4.5 System Documentation
  • 4.6 Advantages of the New System
  • 4.7 Disadvantages of the New System
  • 4.8 User’s Guide

CHAPTER FIVE

  • 5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendations

REFERENCES

ABSTRACT

The aim of this project work is to take a look at the development and the rapid growth of modern technology, especially computer technology in all fields of human endeavour. Medical diagnosis and therapy system involves the state of medical knowledge of a particular disease, patient history,The advert of computer was hated by the world as a great revolution like any industry revolution. It promised to free and from simple routine jobs of respective nature by providing computing power. The first to have exploited the facility was the search for scientific acquires, this was not unconnected with the fact the designers by these systems were Scientifics themselves. Several problems have been eliding satisfactory solutions through, numerical methods of solution exist but involved a very huge amount of computation then, by rendering the problem in accurately accomplished. Not only did computer make reliable solution possible it equally opened new application methods.

In the past years, an inspection at close observation of some admission offices in some reputable tertiary institution revealed that there has been lack of proper documentaries of admission forms. Also, much time was spent in sorting out qualified and non qualified forms. This has resulted to a meaningful lost of substantial efficiency and accuracy in the methods used for instance, in many tertiary institution, one could not adequately give details of applicants such as the total number of these that applied the number that qualified from each state or local government.

Examination diagnosis and therapy, it also involves the drug remedy for the patient. It also provide a systematic framework for history taking and physical examination of patient. They facilitate a knowledge bank and timely recall of accurate information about specific disease for the purpose of accurate diagnosis and therapy, also to provide standard procedures for health care delivery and evaluation.


Design and Implementation of an Automated Medical Diagnosis and Theraphy System

CHAPTER ONE


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Medical diagnosis, (often simply termed diagnosis) refers both to the process of attempting to determine or identifying a possible disease or disorder to the opinion reached by this process. A diagnosis in the sense of diagnostic procedure can be regarded as an attempt at classifying an individual’s health condition into separate and distinct categories that allow medical decisions about treatment and prognosis to be made. Subsequently, a diagnostic opinion is often described in terms of a disease or other conditions.

In the medical diagnostic system procedures, elucidation of the etiology of the disease or conditions of interest, that is, what caused the disease or condition and its origin is not entirely necessary. Such elucidation can be useful to optimize treatment, further specify the prognosis or prevent recurrence of the disease or condition in the future.

Medical care has increased its extent, direction and purpose. It is continually evolving in response to perceive needs and demands. The management of health care delivery and services involves considerable amount of medical records and managerial data, which have to be collected, stored, selectively retrieved, updated and statistically analyzed.

With the rapidity growth of modern technology, especially computer technology in all fields of human endeavour, i.e professionals, scientist, education, industrial and even government activities, etc; necessitate the need for various sectors of the economy to be acquainted with at least basic knowledge of computer application in their day to day operations.

Therefore medical diagnosis and therapy system involves the state of medical knowledge of a particular disease, patient history, patient examination and drugs remedy. The standing orders which are disease symptom, patient history, patient examination, diagnosis and therapy which is called the hierarchical order gives basic health workers legal protection for providing primary health care.

They provide a systematic framework for history taking and physical examination of patient. They facilitate a knowledge bank and timely recall of accurate information about specific disease for the purpose of accurate diagnosis and therapy, also to provide standard procedures for health care delivery and evaluation.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

Disease diagnosis and treatment constitute the major work of physicians. Some of the time, diagnosis is wrongly done leading to error in drug prescription and further complications in the patient’s health. It has also been noticed that much time is spent in physical examination and interview of patients before treatment commences. The clinical decision support system (CDSS) shall address these problems by effectively providing quality diagnosis in real-time.


1.3 Aims And Objectives Of The Project

The aims of this project includes:

  1. To help in bringing about the best, most efficient and effective way of medical diagnosis and therapy system.
  2. To examine the need for an automated medical diagnosis and therapy system
  3. To help in providing a systematic framework for history taking
  4. To help in talking patient problem more easier
  5. To facilitate a knowledge bank and timely recalled for accurate information about specific diseases.

1.4 Significance Of The Study

Advances in the areas of computer science and artificial intelligence have allowed for development of computer systems that support clinical diagnostic or therapeutic decisions based on individualized patient data. Clinical decision support (CDS) systems aim to codify and strategically manage biomedical knowledge to handle challenges in clinical practice using mathematical modeling tools, medical data processing techniques and artificial intelligence

(A.I.) methods. Its significance is also seen in its ability to:

  1. Provide diagnostic support and model the possibility of occurrence of various diseases or the efficiency of alternative therapeutic schemes.
  2. Reduce the potential for harmful drug interactions, prescription errors and adverse drug reactions.
  3. Enable clinicians report adverse drug reactions to the relevant authorities.
  4. Promote better patient care by enhancing collaboration between physicians and pharmacists.

1.5 Scope Of The Study

Due to the fact that it is difficult to develop an expert system for diagnosing all diseases at a time, financial and time constraints, this research is limited to medical diagnosis and treatment for malaria, typhoid fever and pneumonia. The therapy covers severe and uncomplicated cases of the treatment of extreme or severe associated cases in patients such as cerebral malaria which causes insanity, blondness, asthma, tuberculosis and so on.

The study will also involve method(s) of diagnosis especially the patient history, physical examination and request for clinical laboratory test but will not go into how these tests are carried out. Rather, it will only make use of the laboratory and treatment.


1.6 Limitation Of The Study

In the course of this study, a major constraint experienced was that of time factor and insufficient finance. Others include the inevitability of human error and bias as some information were obtained via interpersonal interactions, interviews and research, making some inconsistent with existing realities or out rightly incorrect.

Great pains were however taken to ensure that these limitations are at their very minimum and less impactful on the outcome of the work.


1.7 Methodology

Below are the methods used in collecting data during my research. These include.

Interview:

The researcher went to the hospital under study. The researcher carried out some interview with the head of department of medical diagnosis and therapy system to get some data used in this project.

Browsing:

The researcher browse through the internet to get some information which was used for this study while also obtained some information through the medical website (http://www.medical.co.uk)


1.8 Definition Of Terms

Consultation File:

This is the file that contains different set of procedure that used for medical diagnosis and therapy supported by the system.

Therapy System:

This is the healing treatment of the disease identified.

Medical Diagnosis:

This is the identification of a disease or conditions after observing its sign.

NNGHSS:

Nigeria National basic Health Service Scheme.

Master File:

This is a file of data, which a principal source of information for a job. It can be updated or amended as necessary in relation to the condition of patient.

Disease Symptoms:

This is sign, which is observed by the practitioners from any test.

Patient History:

This is the relevant data about the history of patient that have been objected formulated and stored in a master file.

Patient Examination:

This is when patient are examined physically and laboratory tests are carried out and recorded.

Diagnosis:

This is the output of the examination recorded.

Therapy:

This is the solution to the suspected disease.


1.9 Software Used

Visual Basic 6.0 Version

The reason why visual basic is being choosing for soft define are:

  1. Its main or event driven programming language
  2. It support active X data object
  3. It posses flexible and reliable data base management system
  4. Its object oriented in nature
  5. Its support API i.e Application programming interface which provides an interactive graphic user interface.
  6. Anti-virus for removal and deleting of virus on the disk or any other software that can function in the same way.

Note: Window 98 is used because it offer 32 bit multi-tasking capabilities likewise window 95.

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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