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Design and Implementation of an Online Biology Learning Tutorial System

Design and Implementation of an Online Biology Learning Tutorial System

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Reference ID: PS-5022-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Implementation of an Online Biology Learning Tutorial System” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of an Online Biology Learning Tutorial System” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION


    CHAPTER TWO

    LITERATURE REVIEW

    • 2.1 Introduction

    CHAPTER THREE

    SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

    • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
    • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
    • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
    • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
    • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
    • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
    • 3.3 Feasibility Study
    • 3.3.1 Economic Feasibility
    • 3.3.2 Technical Feasibility
    • 3.3.3 Operational Feasibility
    • 3.4 Analysis of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.3 Justification of the Proposed System
    • 3.5 Functional Requirements
    • 3.5.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
    • 3.6 Data Requirements
    • 3.7 High Level Model of the Proposed System

    CHAPTER FOUR

    SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

    • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
    • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
    • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
    • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
    • 4.4 System Specification and Design
    • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
    • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
    • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
    • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
    • 4.6 Program Documentation
    • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
    • 4.7.1 System Testing
    • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
    • 4.8.1 Installation
    • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
    • 4.10 Software Requirement
    • 4.11 Personnel / User Training
    • 4.12 File Maintenance Module

    CHAPTER FIVE

    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Summary
    • 5.3 Conclusion
    • 5.4 Recommendation

    REFERENCES

    APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

    APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”


    Design and Implementation of an Online Biology Learning Tutorial System

    CHAPTER ONE

    1.0 Introduction

    This chapter presents the introduction to the study, background of the study. Aim and objectives of the study, statement of problem, significance of the study, scope of the study and definition of terms.

    1.1 Theoretical Background

    The growing interest in automated learning also known as e-learning seems to be coming from several directions. These include organizations that have traditionally offered distance education programs either in a single, dual or mixed mode setting. They see the incorporation of online learning in their repertoire as a logical extension of their distance education activities. The corporate sector, on the other hand, is interested in e-learning as a way of rationalizing the costs of their in-house staff training activities. E-learning is of interest to residential campus-based educational organizations as well. They see e-learning as a way of improving access to their programs and also as a way of tapping into growing niche markets. The growth of e-learning is directly related to the increasing access to information and communications technology, as well its decreasing cost. The capacity of information and communications technology to support multimedia resource-based learning and teaching is also relevant to the growing interest in e-learning. Growing numbers of teachers are increasingly using information and communications technology to support their teaching. The contemporary student population (often called the “Net Generation”, or “Millennials”) who have grown up using information and communications technology also expect to see it being used in their educational experiences (Oblinger and Oblinger, 2005). Educational organizations too see advantages in making their programs accessible via a range of distributed locations, including on campus, home and other community learning or resource centers. Despite this level of interest in e-learning, it is not without constraints and limitations.

    The fundamental obstacle to the growth of e-learning is lack of access to the necessary technology infrastructure, for without it there can be no e-learning. Poor or insufficient technology infrastructure is just as bad, as it can lead to unsavory experiences that can cause more damage than good to teachers, students and the learning experience. While the costs of the hardware and software are falling, often there are other costs that have often not been factored into the deployment of e-learning ventures. The most important of these include the costs of infrastructure support and its maintenance, and appropriate training of staff to enable them to make the most of the technology (Naidu, 2003).


    1.2 Statement of Problem

    There is a high need to develop the ability of students to learn the subject of biology, however because of inadequate training and also the inability to get learning materials on the subject that they can use independent of an instructor. Students have the difficulty of learning the subject due to the high cost of textbooks, many people cannot afford to get educated because it is far beyond their financial capability. Also, students only learn when there are in the classroom or when someone is present to teach and this service is only available for those that can afford it. There is a global need for an alternative means of learning. Human instructors or teachers cannot operate 24 hours a day and this stands as a limitation to acquiring knowledge. For most, the location of the school or institution may be very far and this may also stand as a barrier. It is therefore imperative that an alternative means of learning such as automated learning be developed and used to solve these problems.


    1.3 Aim and Objectives of the study

    The following are the objectives of the study:

    1. To design and implement an automated tutorial system for learning biology
    2. To implement an automated learning system that provides a user friendly and interactive interface for learning fundamentals of biology
    3. To develop an easy to use automated tutorial system that will enable its users to be assessed and scored based on performance.
    4. To develop a system that can be easily installed and used to complement the effort of teachers in teaching students biology.

    1.5 Significance of the study

    The significance of the study is that it will provide a possible solution to the problem of learning biology independent of a teacher. It will provide an example of how automated learning system can be applied to learning. The study will also serve as a useful reference material to other researchers seeking information pertaining the subject.


    1.4 Scope of the study

    This study covers design and implementation of automated tutorial system for learning biology and it is limited to human anatomy the case study is Ritman College, Ikot Ekpene.


    1.6 Organization of the Research

    This research work is organized into five chapters.

    Chapter one is concerned with the introduction of the research study and it presents the preliminaries, theoretical background, statement of the problem, aim and objectives of the study, significance of the study, scope of the study, organization of the research and definition of terms.

    Chapter two focuses on the literature review, the contributions of other scholars on the subject matter is discussed.

    Chapter three is concerned with the system analysis and design. It analyzes the present system to identify the problems and provides information on the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed system. The system design is also presented in this chapter.

    Chapter four presents the system implementation and documentation. The choice of programming language, analysis of modules, choice of programming language and system requirements for implementation.

    Chapter five focuses on the summary, conclusion and recommendations are provided in this chapter based on the study carried out.


    1.7 Definition of Terms


    Automate:

    To convert a process or workplace to automation, or utilize the techniques of automation


    Learn

    To acquire knowledge of a subject or skill through education or experience.


    System:

    A combination of related parts organized into a complex whole


    Tutor:

    A teaching session spent individually or in a small group under the direction of a tutor.

    CHAPTER TWO

    2.0 Literature Review

    2.1 Introduction

    This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

    Summary Headlines for Design and Implementation of an Online Biology Learning Tutorial System



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