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Effectiveness Planning and Control in Construction Industry in Nigeria

Effectiveness Planning and Control in Construction Industry in Nigeria

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Reference ID: PS-417-TM

DEDICATION

This research work titled "Effectiveness Planning and Control in Construction Industry in Nigeria" is dedicated to God for his enabling grace and to all computer enthusiasts who help to make life a pleasant experience.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I owe my indebtedness to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Project Management, Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing/related research material for your moral support that facilitated the successful completion of my (Tertiary Institution level). I am grateful to God Almighty and my parent for their financial support in my career. I really appreciate you all for everything, Thank you very much.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION


    CHAPTER TWO

    LITERATURE REVIEW

    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 Conceptual Review
    • 2.3 Theoretical Framework
    • 2.4 Empirical Studies

    CHAPTER THREE

    RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Research Design
    • 3.3 Population of Study
    • 3.4 Sampling and Sampling Technique
    • 3.5 Validation of Research Instrument
    • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
    • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
    • 3.8 Questionnaire Administration
    • 3.9 Ethical Consideration
    • 3.10 Statistical Analysis

    CHAPTER FOUR

    DATA ANALYSIS, RESULT AND DISCUSSION

    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Presentation and Analysis of Data
    • 4.3 Re-statement of Research Questions
    • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses
    • 4.5 Discussion of Findings

    CHAPTER FIVE

    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Summary of Findings
    • 5.3 Conclusion
    • 5.4 Recommendation
    • 5.5 Suggestion for Further Study

    REFERENCES

    APPENDIX A - “QUESTIONNAIRE”

    ABSTRACT

    The study was carried out to evaluate the Effectiveness Planning and Control in Construction Industry in Nigeria using Julius Berger Construction Company Plc as a case study. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out to determine contract planning and control practices applied in the construction industry and assess awareness and usage of contract planning practices in the construction industry. Investigation revealed that the rate at which construction project delays, failures, cost overruns and abandonment are experienced on many projects handled by indigenous building contractors and clients in Imo State Nigeria is quite alarming.

    The research design used in this report is descriptive design, utilizing questionnaire method to obtain information from the respondents for this project. A total of 70 (seventy) respondents were selected for this study to represent the entire population of the study. Primary data were collected from the primary source which questionnaire was used as an instrument of data collection while secondary data were sources from textbooks, journals, newspapers and the internet were employed. The data were presented on a frequency distribution table and analyzed using simple percentage, while hypothesis was tested using chi-square test.

    The study reveals that Purchasing planning and control do aid effectiveness in construction industry in Julius Berger Construction Company Plc and there are problems confronting purchasing department in planning and controlling in a construction company. This study will help the concerned bodies dealing in road construction such as Nigeria National Roads Authority, Ministry of Works and Transport, Local Government road construction committees at the district, and private organizations.

    Based on the findings, the following recommendations are hereby suggested that the use of the construction planning tools and techniques should be applied in all building projects. Also, the company should have a good purchasing department so that they can consider the necessity to adopt efficient methods of solving the problems of negotiation in purchasing function in Construction Company and other problems that may arise in the organization.


    Effectiveness Planning and Control in Construction Industry in Nigeria

    CHAPTER ONE

    1.1 Introduction

    Construction project planning is an essential element in the management and execution of construction projects which involves the definition of work tasks and their interactions, as well as the assessment of required resources and expected activity durations. Monitoring the performance of the contractor regularly is a very important part of road construction. The monitoring system differs among the road authorities. However, a monitoring system is necessary to maintain the quality of work and also to record the data for future Research and Development in the road authorities. The construction industry is a crucial sector that plays a vital role in the economic growth and development of many countries. Construction projects are complex and often involve a range of stakeholders, including owners, designers, contractors, suppliers, and regulatory bodies.

    As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the statement of problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Research hypothesis and questions, Limitation of the study and Definition of technical terms.


    1.2 Background of Study

    As the construction industry significantly expands, the role of the private sector has changed from the simple execution of works to the management and conservation of road assets. In order to be entitled to the monthly payment for maintenance services, the contractors must ensure that the roads under contract comply with the service quality levels which have been specified in the bidding document. It is possible that during some months, they will have to carry out a rather large amount of physical works in order to comply with the required service levels and very little work during other months. Yet their monthly payment remains the same as long as the required service levels are complied with (The World Bank, 2004).

    Contract planning according to Simmons (2007) refers to the process of systematically and efficiently managing contract creation, execution and analysis for maximizing operational and financial performance and minimizing risk. Contract planning processes are the activities/steps taken during contract planning, this is divided into two (2) phases PMT (2006) which are the pre-contract planning and post-contract planning on clients perspective and contractors perspective, but in the cause of this project we will be looking at the clients perspective, The research literatures in construction project management is replete with concerns about poor or ineffective contract planning (Idoro, 2009; Idoro, 2012; & Dalibi, 2016). Most countries in the Middle-East and some part of Africa do not utilize project planning and management techniques in the delivery of construction projects (Sayegh, 2008; Laryea & Hughes, 2009).

    Oyewobi and Ijimdiya (2020) pointed out that the regulatory framework in the Nigerian construction industry is weak and ineffective, which has led to non-compliance issues among construction firms. Moreover, scholars have also highlighted the challenges faced by regulatory agencies in enforcing compliance in the construction industry.

    Ashworth, Hogg, and Higgs (2013) described the construction industry as one of the most important sectors of the economy, which integrates a wide variety of skilled and unskilled professionals. These professionals engage in the provision of goods and services ranging from construction, alteration, refurbishment to repairs of building and civil engineering structures. All these professionals work together under various types of contractual agreements to actualize the client's brief and deliver the project. Each construction project is unique and has its main objectives are outlined by the client based on project circumstances. Construction projects, like all others, are not risks free and thereby can result to financial loss. Construction risks are events that generally influence any or all of the project objectives. Risk events could either be positive in terms of opportunities or negative in terms of threats to either or the entire project objectives (Hillson 2002).

    Furthermore, the industry faces challenges related to the regulatory framework. It is regulated by various government agencies, but the regulatory framework is often ineffective and lacks clarity, leading to a lack of enforcement and compliance issues (Olanrewaju et al., 2015; Oyewobi et al., 2020). Olanrewaju and Ogunsanmi (2015) noted that the regulatory framework in Nigeria's construction industry is fragmented and has led to overlapping regulatory roles. They argued that the lack of coordination between the various regulatory agencies has resulted in a duplication of efforts and increased the cost of compliance for construction firms.

    Therefore, in Nigeria where the research was carried out, the activities that was conducted is to know the Effectiveness Planning and Control in Construction Industry.


    1.3 Statement of Problems

    Investigation revealed that the rate at which construction project delays, failures, cost overruns and abandonment are experienced on many projects handled by indigenous building contractors and clients in Imo State Nigeria is quite alarming (Obi, 2014). Projects that do not deliver the required value they promise and of course do not realize their original objectives are all failed projects, in other words for a project to fail one or all of these component time, cost and quality have failed (Frank 2011).


    1.4 Aim and Objectives of Study

    The aim of the study is to evaluate the Effectiveness Planning and Control in Construction Industry in Nigeria using Julius Berger Construction Company Plc as a case study. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows:

    1. To determine contract planning and control practices applied in the construction industry;
    2. To assess awareness and usage of contract planning practices in the construction industry;
    3. To examine the factors affecting contract planning practices; and
    4. To evaluate the effect of contract planning practices to construction project performance.

    1.5 Research Questions

    The study came up with research questions so as to be able to ascertain the above stated objectives. The specific research questions for the study are stated below as follows:

    • What are the contract planning and control practices applied in the construction industry?
    • What is the level of awareness and usage of contract planning practices in the construction industry?
    • What are the factors affecting contract planning practices on construction projects?
    • What are the effects of contract planning practices to construction projects performance?

    1.6 Research Hypothesis

    In order to pursue the objective of this study, the following generalized statements have been designed to guide and aids in obtaining the result for the experiment to be conducted. For this work, the null hypothesis will be represented with H0 while the alternative hypothesis will be represented with hypothesis H1.

    Hypothesis One

    • H0: There are no significant factors inhibiting contract planning and control practices to construction project performance
    • H1: There are significant factors inhibiting contract planning and control practices to construction project performance

    1.7 Significance of Study

    This study gave insights to understanding the importance of contract planning in the construction industry. It may also have some contribution to the formulation of appropriate policies relating to the performance of road construction projects. These policies will help the concerned bodies dealing in road construction such as Nigeria National Roads Authority, Ministry of Works and Transport, Local Government road construction committees at the district, and private organizations such as CAIIP to focus on the root causes of incomplete road projects than giving attention to the observed problems. In addition to this, the policies may facilitate further studies on the problem since there is little relevant and comprehensive data on the study in Nigeria.

    Finally, the information obtained during the study will ultimately build on the existing body of knowledge to pave way for further research in the field of contract planning and performance in academia.


    1.8 Scope of Study

    The scope of the research is focused on the Effectiveness Planning and Control in Construction Industry in Nigeria using Julius Berger Construction Company Plc as a case study.

    CHAPTER TWO

    2.0 Literature Review

    2.1 Introduction

    This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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