This research has fared in reducing the incidence of corruption in Nigeria, in particular internet scam, bank fraud and bad governance. It first discuses the corruption situation in Nigeria by highlighting public office holders who have been associated with corruption charges. This was demonstrated by the establishment of two major anti-graft institution, the independent corrupt practices commission (ICPC) and the economic and financial crime commission.
This development in turn facilitate stiff completion, ineffective internal control system, weak corporate governance, malpractice, among others, thus further providing easy avenue for money laundering and other financial crimes, to use the financial system to achieve their various objectives. The government through its financial arrow head, the CBN increased its tempo against the fight of financial crimes. It does this by putting in place a series of anti-money laundering and combating financing of terrorism measures to plug loopholes so as to ensure the continued safety and soundness of the financial system and determine all forms of financial crimes in Nigeria.
1.1 Background Of The Study
In Nigeria, the upsurge in financial crimes could be party attributed to the liberalization of the financial sector in the late 1980's, which the resulted in a phenomenal leap in the number and complexities of banks and non bank financial institutions.
This development in turn facilitates stiff competition, ineffective internal control system, Weak Corporation, governance, malpractice, among others, this further providing easy avenue for money laundering and other financial crimes, to use the financial system to achieve their various objectives. On the enthronement of democracy in Nigeria by may 29, 1999, under the leadership of president Olusegun Obasanjo, one cardinal programme of the Obasanjo administration is the fight against corruption and waste in the public service. This he demonstrated is the establishment of two major anti-graft institutions, the independent corrupt practices and other related offences) commission (ICPC) and the economic and financial crime commission (EFCC) in the year 2000 and 2003 respectively. The government through its financial arrow head, the CBN increased its tempo against the fight of financial crimes.
This it does by putting in place a series of anti-money laundering (AML) and combating financing of terrorism (CFT) measures to plug loopholes so as to ensure the continued safety and soundness of the financial system and determine all forms of financial crimes in Nigeria. (Adigun, 2005). The government target is zero tolerance for financial crimes and corruption. This is why it has pursued through promulgation of laws against graft such as independent commission practices (and other related offences) commission (ICVPC) Act, economic and financial crime commission (EFCC) Act, money laundering (prohibition) Act, 2004.
It has strengthened and keeps strengthening of anti- corruption and other economic crimes, institutions of due process mechanism in public sector procurement; Privatilization of failing public institution an creating and enabling environment for effective private, public sector partnerships, monthly publication of distributable revenue from federation account to the different tiers of government, institution fo transparencies in the oil and gas sector through the work of the extractive industries transparency initiatives (NEITI) among others.
1.2 Statement Of The Problem
- Despite the struggle and move against financial crimes in Nigeria, there is still high incidence of financial crimes in the financial system.
- The anti-financial crime commission seems to be a political weapon against political opponents; hence a change
- in such government weakens the strength of the commission.
- There are individual who seems to be “untouchable” by the financial crime commission as a result of their political strength or affiliation with the chief boss in government.
- There is weak approach in tackling crime justly and fairly by the commission.
1.3 Purpose Of The Study
The purpose of this study is to look into the activities of the financial crime commission in Nigeria with respect to political affiliation. It is also aimed at investigation the extent of success made so far by the EFCC and ICPC in their fight against corruption and financial crimes.
1.4 Significance Of The Study
- To help disclose the national for the birth of EFCC and ICPC in Nigeria.
- To be of importance to future researchers as a references guide to their work.
- To be relevant to the researcher because it is a necessary condition for her receiving the award of Higher National Diploma (HND) in the Banking and Finance.
- To be of relevance to any reader as it will help show the functions, objectives and relationship between EFCC and ICPC.
- To help look at the root cause of financial crimes in Nigeria and ways to fight it.
1.5 Scope Of The Study
The scope of this research work will be limited only to Nigeria that is the project work will not be extended to other countries of the world.
1.6 Limitation Of The Study
This study if limited by:
- Financial constraints on the part of the researcher to visit EFCC and ICPC office severally as required.
- Unwillingness of EFCC and ICPC officers to develop data of their prosecution.
- The restrictions at their respective officers from having interview with the necessary officers.
- The time allocated for this project and length of time required to be visiting the EFCC and ICPC officers are inversely related.
1.7 Assumption Of The Study
The following assumptions are made:
- The EFCC and ICPC has played a vital role in reducing corrupt practices and financial, crime in Nigeria.
- The banking sector has derived benefits as a result of the presence of EFCC and ICPC.
1.8 Definition Of Terms
this is the process lf fighting f financial crimes.
Cyber CafÃ© Crimes:
these are crimes committed through the internet
this is an anti-graft institution established to fight against financial crimes in Nigeria
these are financial crimes committed electronically.
this is also an anti-graft institution vested to minimize the level of corrupt practices in Nigeria.
an integration of the proceeds of illegal activities into the financial or banking sector.