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Information System for Hospital Management

Information System for Hospital Management

Project / Seminar Material
Reference ID: PS-5273-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Information System for Hospital Management” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Information System for Hospital Management” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION


    CHAPTER TWO

    LITERATURE REVIEW

    • 2.1 Introduction

    CHAPTER THREE

    SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

    • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
    • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
    • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
    • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
    • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
    • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
    • 3.3 Feasibility Study
    • 3.3.1 Economic Feasibility
    • 3.3.2 Technical Feasibility
    • 3.3.3 Operational Feasibility
    • 3.4 Analysis of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.3 Justification of the Proposed System
    • 3.5 Functional Requirements
    • 3.5.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
    • 3.6 Data Requirements
    • 3.7 High Level Model of the Proposed System

    CHAPTER FOUR

    SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

    • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
    • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
    • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
    • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
    • 4.4 System Specification and Design
    • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
    • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
    • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
    • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
    • 4.6 Program Documentation
    • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
    • 4.7.1 System Testing
    • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
    • 4.8.1 Installation
    • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
    • 4.10 Software Requirement
    • 4.11 Personnel / User Training
    • 4.12 File Maintenance Module

    CHAPTER FIVE

    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Summary
    • 5.3 Conclusion
    • 5.4 Recommendation

    REFERENCES

    APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

    APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”


    Information System for Hospital Management

    CHAPTER ONE


    Introduction

    1.1 Background Of Study

    General Hospital calabar. The hospital provide qualitative Health care services but maintains that they do not just heal mere physical illness which attacks the human body, but a much deeper and holistic healing of the entire human person.

    These service areas include all the wards (medical and surgical for male and female, pediatrics, chest unit and the maternity section as a whole. Other departments are out patient department (OPD), laboratory department, pharmacy department, central sterling and supply department (C.S.S.D), X-RAY department community medicine and the mobile clinic, and theatre department. The roles of these departments are complementary and depict what they call team-work in patient management, the patient always beings at the center.

    The Hospital since its establishment has demonstrated a very keen interest in the staff recruitment and development of highly skilled and very dependable medical and paramedical personnel. Presently, their work force stands at 460.


    1.2 Statement Of The Problems

    Many problems are encountered with the manual method of handling files. It is quite unfortunate that ESUT Teaching Hospital. In spite of her large medical service and recognition still keep her records manually.

    The problems associated with this manual system include time wastage, ineffective use of statistical data, and duplication of efforts in records keeping. Delay in decision making, it requires a lot of clerical efforts inability to cope up with daily work load. Slow in responding the queries / enquires, Rodents records, lot of human mistakes, lack of confidentiality of files and high cost of stationary.

    This project is aimed at devising a system that will eradicate these above problems and improve medical services to the citizens. This computerization process is believed to be capable of not only solving these problems but many more to be encountered.


    1.3 Aim/Objectives Of The Project

    The main purpose of this project is to investigate and design a computer based medical services, capable of eradicating the above mentioned problems to be speeding up the processing, storing and retrieval of information which greatly assist medical personnel in the performance of their duties. Again, it will provide a means to ease medical laboratory statistics and improve decision making by reducing processing time, as well as reducing the communication gap between the Doctors and other staff still involved in the patient medical care. It will also reduce human errors to the barest minimum and improve confidentiality of files. In summary, the objective is to set an efficient medical database for the advancement of the medical research and analysis.


    1.4 Justification For The Project

    The researcher during the course of this investigation found out that all the medical keeping record are done manually and having seen the problem associated with the manual system, the researcher calls for a new system in patient related services. The new system is justified in many ways.

    The design of the new system will eliminate the problems of the system mentioned earlier by providing quick file retrieval and searches. By providing accurate up to date information on demand.

    It will minimize redundantly , loss of information will be prevented, the need for volume paper files and unnecessary spending of paper folders, file cabinet will be removed and adequate security will be provided to ensure database system.

    Furthermore, the new system is justified when receptionist, medical record clerks in recording would not be our worked again by the implemented of the automatic system.


    1.5 Objectives Of The Study

    The main objective of this study is to develop a computerised management system. Others include;

    1. To provide total asset visibility.
    2. To allow high levels in giving full patient history.
    3. To reduce lead time, shelf space, and errors due to damage, fatigue of staff .
    4. To facilitate “just in time” deliveries.
    5. To provide full process control for the patient.
    6. To provide higher level security as the system would be passworded to prevent unauthorised access.
    7. To shorten cross docking time and speeds up sort/pick up rate.
    8. To help the management plan, monitor, optimize resources and ascertain their financial position at any time.

    1.6 Scope Of The Study

    The scope of the project covers the development of a computer based database application for use by these sections (patient state of health,bill payment and address) at the general hospital to replace their old paper notebook recording system.

    The requirements include designing a user interface for the application and providing options for a user to log into the application by supplying the correct username and password combination; register new patient and view a list of already registered patient; to keep records of out patient and in-patient in the hospital; view patient registered on the database; admitted, discharge, bill patient etc. It also covers writing the background programming to ensure that the interface works with the database through the underlying codes to perform the required actions. It also involves the testing, improvement and optimization of the application.


    1.7 Definition Of Terms

    Medical Records:

    It is the records that spell out the patient’s illness and treatment during a particular period for out patients and inpatients.

    Out Patients:

    Any person who goes to receive treatment in the Hospital but does not stay overnight.

    Ward:

    A section in the hospital where inpatient stays and receives treatment on regular bases.

    Inpatients:

    A patient staying and receiving treatment in the hospital.


    1.8 Project Report Organization

    This report is organized into five chapters. The first chapter takes care of introduction: background, aims and objectives, justification and scope of the project. Chapter two surveys the literature review of this work. In chapter three, the project methodology, data collection, analysis, limitations of the existing system, system design, system flow chart and top down design were done. The input, processing and output modules are critically analysed.

    In chapter four, system implementation, testing and integration: choice of development tools, system requirements, and testing were carefully done. Finally chapter five closes up with summary, recommendations and conclusions: limitation, Bill of Engineering Measurement and Engineering (BEME), bibliography, appendices

    CHAPTER TWO

    2.0 Literature Review

    2.1 Introduction

    This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

    Summary Headlines for Information System for Hospital Management



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