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Design and Construction of a Headlamp Operated Gate Opening System

Design and Construction of a Headlamp Operated Gate Opening System

Project / Seminar Material
Reference ID: PS-5098-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Construction of a Headlamp Operated Gate Opening System” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Construction of a Headlamp Operated Gate Opening System” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION


    CHAPTER TWO

    LITERATURE REVIEW

    • 2.1 Introduction

    CHAPTER THREE

    SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

    • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
    • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
    • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
    • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
    • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
    • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
    • 3.3 Feasibility Study
    • 3.3.1 Economic Feasibility
    • 3.3.2 Technical Feasibility
    • 3.3.3 Operational Feasibility
    • 3.4 Analysis of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.3 Justification of the Proposed System
    • 3.5 Functional Requirements
    • 3.5.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
    • 3.6 Data Requirements
    • 3.7 High Level Model of the Proposed System

    CHAPTER FOUR

    SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

    • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
    • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
    • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
    • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
    • 4.4 System Specification and Design
    • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
    • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
    • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
    • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
    • 4.6 Program Documentation
    • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
    • 4.7.1 System Testing
    • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
    • 4.8.1 Installation
    • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
    • 4.10 Software Requirement
    • 4.11 Personnel / User Training
    • 4.12 File Maintenance Module

    CHAPTER FIVE

    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Summary
    • 5.3 Conclusion
    • 5.4 Recommendation

    REFERENCES

    APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

    APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”

    ABSTRACT

    This project work deals on the design and implemental of a headlamp operated gate opening system capable of operating a gate/door using the particular headlamp only. This system tends to climate the thresh associated with manual, opening and closing of gates and boosts the security of the entity this electric system is realized in two functional units the transmitter and the receiver. The transmitter is realized using a timed radio frequency transmitter module alongside a laser, diode (the headlamp) the receiver is configured using a tuned, radio frequency receiver module which is used to power an optical light sensor circuit. The output of the sensor is conditioned by Quad -2- input Schmitt trigger NAND gate 7413132 which generates a control logic that is used to bias an NPN bipolar junction transistor. This driver energized an electromagnetic relay that switches/actuates, the prime-mover that pulls the door lover (once the transmitter button is pressed, it transmits an RF signal to the receiver installed at the gate and switches on the laser diode that function as the light source. At the receiving end, the output signal of the TRF receiver supplies power to the optical light detector circuit that energies the relay on receiving visible light from the transmitter. The gate/door opens, and closes on its own even if the light goes off this system, is rebost and rugged and will sell like a German burger if appropriately commercialized.


    Design and Construction of a Headlamp Operated Gate Opening System

    CHAPTER ONE

    1.0 Introduction

    1.1 Background of the Study

    Security is everybody’s business all over the world. And this proves more challenging to a third world and terrorist nation like Nigeria. Security of lives and properties can be achieved in wired or wireless mode. Owing to the incessant kidnapping incidents especially in the south east part of Nigeria, there is utmost need to secure any entity (homes/offices/institutions/factories) against such happenstance by coming up with a better technique of security the entrance gate to any entity such that only the users can get access into it. Gate locking techniques abound but each has an associated shortcomings. This menace gave way to carrying out researches on the best way to customize gates (entrances) into any entity. This led me to undertake the project design and implementation of a headlamp operated gate opening system such that only the owners headlamp/valid users headlamp can operate it. This will boost the security of lives and properties.


    1.2 Problem Statement

    Due to the high rate of kidnapping and armed robbery in Nigeria, security of lies and properties as everybody’s concern. Most especially in the south-east region of the country, kidnappers break into people’s compound and abduct them for a ransom. This is due mainly because of poor/no secure entrance into the compound.

    In a bid to combat this menace, a highly secured gate opening system should be developed and put in place. This quest motivated me to embark on a project research on design and implementation of a headlamp operated gate opening system such that only the owners headlamp can operate the gate from a distance of nearly 50m. This system will ensure that only one user or selected users can operated the gate. A system of this nature will boost the security of the compound.


    1.3 Aim And Objectives of the Project/Study

    The aim of this project design and implemental of a headlamp operated gate opening system such that only the owner’s head lamp can operate the gate.

    The objectives of this project are:

    1. To develop a prototype of a real life system which can open and close a gate using photo electric effect and radio frequency technology
    2. To design a system which is not micro-program control.
    3. To design a system which can be powered using a regulated power supply unit (PSU) synthesized from NEPA.
    4. To design a module which can be use electromagnetic relay to actuate an AC motor.

    1.4 Significant of the Project

    This project work signified a lot in computer engineering. This project can be used/employed as a security gate in scheduled area like INEC office clubs and gardens.

    1. It can be used as a security gate in luxury homes.
    2. It can be used as a security door in strong rooms.
    3. It can be applied in security gates in military barracks and in prison yard to ensure maximum security.
    4. If properly modified, it can be used in highly sensitive areas to allow only the authorized users to get access into some areas.

    1.5 Scopes of the Study

    This project work focuses on the design and construction of a headlamp operated gate opening system such that only the owner’s car headlamp can operate the gate. It covers TRF (receiver and transmitter), opto-coupler using LDR, prime mover and other components used in the system.

    CHAPTER TWO

    2.0 Literature Review

    2.1 Introduction

    This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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