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Design and Implementation of a Computerized News Editing System

Design and Implementation of a Computerized News Editing System

Project / Seminar Material
Reference ID: PS-5501-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Implementation of a Computerized News Editing System” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of a Computerized News Editing System” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION


    CHAPTER TWO

    LITERATURE REVIEW

    • 2.1 Introduction

    CHAPTER THREE

    SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

    • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
    • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
    • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
    • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
    • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
    • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
    • 3.3 Feasibility Study
    • 3.3.1 Economic Feasibility
    • 3.3.2 Technical Feasibility
    • 3.3.3 Operational Feasibility
    • 3.4 Analysis of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.3 Justification of the Proposed System
    • 3.5 Functional Requirements
    • 3.5.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
    • 3.6 Data Requirements
    • 3.7 High Level Model of the Proposed System

    CHAPTER FOUR

    SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

    • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
    • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
    • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
    • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
    • 4.4 System Specification and Design
    • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
    • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
    • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
    • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
    • 4.6 Program Documentation
    • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
    • 4.7.1 System Testing
    • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
    • 4.8.1 Installation
    • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
    • 4.10 Software Requirement
    • 4.11 Personnel / User Training
    • 4.12 File Maintenance Module

    CHAPTER FIVE

    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Summary
    • 5.3 Conclusion
    • 5.4 Recommendation

    REFERENCES

    APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

    APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”

    ABSTRACT

    News Editing is the process of preparing language, News, for presentation to the audience, through correction, condensation, organization and other modification. The aim of this study is to design a new system that will surpass the existing system in reviewing, detecting, correction, and summarization of reports. The motivation that led to the implementation of the proposed system is that poor identification of errors in the reports, and organizational reports are not orderly manner for presentation to the audience. Other motivation issues are outline at the statement of problems section.

    The methodology adopted in this study is the object oriented analysis and design methodology (OOADM) which is a technical approach for analyzing and designing an application or system by applying object throughout the software development process. The programming language used is HTML, CSS, JAVASCRIPT, PHP, SQL and JQUERY. The reason why web programming languages was used is because, it is platform independent and it is a web based application.

    The significance of proposed system will help ease the works of news editor in the field of journalism by implementing computerized system for the traditional (existing) news editing system. The expected result is a Computerized News Editing System that will take less time in editing News, and uncover an easier way of correcting the errors commonly found in reports from the field directly.


    Design and Implementation of a Computerized News Editing System

    CHAPTER ONE

    1.0 Introduction

    The advent of computer Technology has completely changed the way things are done globally. These effects of computer Technology can be in all field of study, consequently giving birth to the automation of process of activities in this study will seek to usher in automation of the news editing system. It is believed that the traditional news editing system is grossly inefficient and ineffective. These have been the reason behind the epileptic news presented on daily basis by journalists to their teaming audience globally.

    This study is carried out with the view of designing a new system that will take good care of the ineffectiveness that characterized the existing system and automation of the entire process of news editing by doing this we don't have to be there to gather news, it can be done through the help of calls, internet, YouTube which makes it easy for the masses, instead of going to buy newspaper from the vendor, they can read the news through their internet or phones.

    This chapter will provide the background information that lead to the research's inception, the challenges that prompted the study, its aim, and its objectives as a preface to future study sections. The others include the study's significance, its scope, its limitations, and a definition of terms.

    1.1 Background of the Study

    According to the Oxford English Dictionary, editor come from the Latin phrase “editus'' which means “to put forward''. Therefore, News Editing is the process of preparing language, News, for presentation to the audience, through correction, condensation, organization and other modification. News editing ensures that News is of good quality. In large media houses, experienced writers are dedicated to the News editing function.

    News items can be gathered manually through so many sources or methods which include official records, Archives, journals, documentaries, tipsters or those you can also call experts, eyewitnesses, publication or broadcasts, officials in government or business, organizations or corporations, information gathered from other media like newspaper and people involved with or affected by a new event or issue.

    The old and traditional way of editing news has some problems that make them inefficient and ineffective compared to the new system of editing news and these includes:

    1. The documentaries gathered might have unlimited information that the news editor might find very hard to work with.
    2. The tipsters or experts in news editing are very hard to find.
    3. Other media houses like newspapers and eyewitnesses may be unreliable because they can present non-authentic information.
    4. It was very stressful and time consuming to edit news manually in the sense that sometimes, you have to be at the crime scene to gather information manually. But this new system deals with computability, complexity and correctness. And all these will be discussed as we go further into this work.

    1.2 Statement of the Problem

    The problems that characterized the existing system are actually responsible for the fall in the quality of news production and presentation. The problems with the existing system include:

    1. Reviewing of reports submitted by reporters on the field
    2. Identification of errors in the reports, this includes: grammatical errors, spelling errors, punctuation errors etc.
    3. Condensation of reports into meaningful and concise piece
    4. Organization of the reports in an orderly manner for presentation to the audience.
    5. and other modifications.

    1.3 Significance of the Study

    Like other studies or projects carried out on various issues in different fields of human endeavor, globally, the purpose of this study is as follows:

    1. This study will try to find out new ways of reviewing reports that are far better than the existing method
    2. To seek a way of editing News that will take less time when compared to the former or traditional method, existing system.
    3. This study will try to discover methods of improving the quality of edited piece of news done by the editor.
    4. The purpose of this study is to uncover an easier way of correcting the errors commonly found in reports from the field directly.

    1.4 Objectives of the Study

    The aim of this study (NTA) is to design a new system that will surpass the existing system in the following areas:

    • Reviewing of reports
    • Detection of errors
    • Correction of errors
    • Summarization of reports

    Furthermore this study will aim at automating the entire process of news editing system, which will further enhance News editing in terms of:

    • Quality
    • Timeliness
    • Accuracy
    • Relevance
    • Importance
    • and correctness.

    1.5 Scope of the Study

    The scope of this study will cover all the activities and processes that are involved in News Editing from the submission of news reports to the final News editing process. These will further lead to the design and implementation of a blue print for the automation of news editing system (existing system).


    1.6 Limitations of the Study

    The study was limited by several factors of which some posed serious constraints towards the development of the project. One of the major drawbacks was time because there was not enough time for the research. There were also drawbacks due to financial incapacitation. This is among other frustrations such as inability to procure research materials due to distance. It was difficult to source most of the important information needed for this work.


    1.7 Definition of Terms

    Automation:

    The use of machines or computers to do work that was previously done by people.

    News:

    An information about something or an event that has happened recently.

    Editing:

    The process of preparing a piece of writing by correcting the mistakes, making improvements.

    Editor:

    A person who edits

    CHAPTER TWO

    2.0 Literature Review

    2.1 Introduction

    This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

    Summary Headlines for Design and Implementation of a Computerized News Editing System



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