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Design and Implementation of a Computerized System for Revenue Generation From Business Premises

Design and Implementation of a Computerized System for Revenue Generation From Business Premises

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Reference ID: PS-5406-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Implementation of a Computerized System for Revenue Generation From Business Premises” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of a Computerized System for Revenue Generation From Business Premises” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.


Design and Implementation of a Computerized System for Revenue Generation From Business Premises

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Background of Study
  • 1.3 Statement of Problem
  • 1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study
  • 1.5 Significance of Study
  • 1.6 Scope of Study
  • 1.7 Limitations of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Concept of Taxation
  • 2.2.1 Types of Taxation
  • 2.3 Statutory Tax Laws in Nigeria
  • 2.4 Tax Administration in Nigeria
  • 2.5 Sources of Generating Revenue
  • 2.6 Cannons of Taxation
  • 2.7 The Purpose of Taxation
  • 2.8 Tax System
  • 2.9 Structure of Tariff
  • 2.10 Tariff Authorities
  • 2.10.1 Composition of the Board
  • 2.11 Concept of System User Registration
  • 2.11.1 Online System User Registration
  • 2.11.2 Usage of Online Registration Forms
  • 2.12 Web Portal
  • 2.12.1 Types of Web Portals
  • 2.13 Database for Web Portals
  • 2.13.1 Merits of Integrating Databases in Web Applications

CHAPTER THREE

SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

  • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
  • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
  • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
  • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
  • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
  • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
  • 3.3 Analysis of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.3 Justification of the Proposed System
  • 3.4 Functional Requirements
  • 3.4.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
  • 3.5 Data Requirements
  • 3.6 High Level Model of the Proposed System

CHAPTER FOUR

SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

  • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
  • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
  • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
  • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
  • 4.4 System Specification and Design
  • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
  • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
  • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
  • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
  • 4.6 Program Documentation
  • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
  • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
  • 4.8.1 Installation
  • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
  • 4.10 Software Requirement
  • 4.11 Personnel / User Training

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation

REFERENCES

APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”

ABSTRACT

Revenue generation is a means through which government establishment hurt for money which will be accountable to the government purse for execution of it’s project and the money collected from different areas like market, and advertising. can been kept by a group of people. The aim of the study is to design and implement a Computerized System for Revenue Generation from Businesss Premises in Nkanu East Local Government Area. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out to reduce the inadequate fund from revenue and the space occupied by volumes of data in shelf and file cabinets and develop a system that will produce timely, accurate and comprehensive in work output. The motivation that led to this study is that there is not enough qualified personnel in the mis-department to cope with the work load in the department, during entering and calculation data are wrongly worked, on this in effect reflect ion the result and a lot of fake receipts are encountered. The methodology adopted in this study is the structured system analysis and design methodology (SSADM) which is a technical approach for analyzing and designing an application or system by applying object throughout the software development process. The programming language used is HTML, CSS, JAVASCRIPT, PHP, SQL and JQUERY. The reason why web programming languages was used is because, it is platform independent and it is a web based application. The study will be useful to students of financial studies e.g. Accountancy, Banking and Finance, Economics, Business education and member of the Nigerian taxation apart from constituting a source of secondary data for scholars wishing to carry on research studies in tax management, the report will also form the basis upon which further studies on our topic of study can be advanced. The expected result is an computerized Revenue Generation from Business Premises that will process tax collected from business women and men, and the system will generates an accurate bill for reference purpose.


Design and Implementation of a Computerized System for Revenue Generation From Business Premises

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 Introduction

Revenue generation is a means through which government establishment hurt for money which will be accountable to the government purse for execution of it’s project and the money collected from different areas like market, advertising etc. can been kept by a group of people. The government in this case, accepts members of the society to contribute to the affair of the nation. The rate of contribution depends on ones income; individual contribution according to their income rate, groups or companies contributes according to their size. The money generated through this means is used by the governments to accomplish its budget proposals. The government mapped out different means of revenue generation and all these tend to provide fund for societal development.

As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the statement of problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Limitations of the Study and Definition of technical terms.


1.2 Background of Study

In Nigeria, persons liable to pay income tax include men, women, married or single, trustees and executors, families, villages and indigenous communities. Though government can also raise funds through natural resources such as oil, palm oil, coal and gas which are exported, those alternative sources of income to government are hardly enough to shoulder the burden of government expenditures, especially in the area of economic and social spheres in each year, hence the need for tax payment.

There is no equity in tax law. The tax payer must be brought within the letter of the law and rigid adherence is the rule. Nothing should be read in and nothing should be implied. The onus of bringing a tax payer into the tax net is on the revenue or assessment authority. Another important point to note is that tax is not imposed on person or individual. Section 4 (1) of ITMA 1961 states that “the tax shall subject to the provisions of this act, being payable for each year of assessment upon income accruing in derived form, brought or received in Nigeria. Studies have shown that in Nigeria, workers pay more than the rich people who invest in various proper ties such as building, transporters, etc as a result of ineffective administration of taxes. Yet those investors are the category of people who would want government to move mountains in terms of raising their socio-economic well being, without meaningfully contributing towards the funds.

Now that our various government are gearing efforts to revamping over bettered economy and improving the living condition of Nigerians, the need for the evolvement of more effective strategies to ensuring regular tax payment by taxable individuals need not be overemphasized. Taxable adults and organizations in various sectors of the economy must discharge their civic responsibilities. Unfortunately, this can only be achieved if tax systems are effectively administered so that people would in government revenue generation, willingly and without grudges pay their taxes. This will result to improvement in government revenue generation, hence the basis for this research study.

Revenue generation is a bulk task compilation of list from receipt issued is not an easy task. Complex calculation is involved to produce rate according to income earning or size of organization. Keeping records of data collected and fast retrieval is also difficult through the existing system.

The existing manual system towards the compilation of revenue from the premises unit makes it look difficult and also it enhances fraud and delay development. The new system developed in this project work take scare all the problems arising from the old manual system.


1.3 Statement of Problem

Investigation reveals the problem of the existing system which entails that:

  1. There is not enough qualified personnel in the mis-department to cope with the work load in the department.
  2. There is no special incentive to the mis-department to reflect the tedious nature of this job.
  3. During entering and calculation data are wrongly worked, on this in effect reflect ion the result.
  4. A lot of fake receipts are encountered.
  5. Searching of records in files in the file cabinet takes a very long period.

1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study

The aim of the study is to design and implement a Computerized System for Revenue Generation from Businesss Premises in Nkanu East Local Government Area. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows:

  1. To reduce the inadequate fund from revenue and the space occupied by volumes of data in shelf and file cabinets.
  2. To develop a system that will produce timely, accurate and comprehensive in work output.

1.5 Significance of Study

In this research study, the researcher would through the review of related literature, establish a theoretical frame work of what effective tax management is all about. Such frame work if judiciously followed, will enhance generation of adequate tax revenue which has often eluded government. The significance of the study therefore is that;

  1. Those charged with the responsibility of generating tax revenue will have the opportunity to appraise the system of tax administration in use by them vis-Ã -vis the established framework. They could compare their system with that provided in the study so that necessary adjustment can be made to restraining the effectiveness of this system.
  2. The study will be useful to students of financial studies e.g. Accountancy, Banking and Finance, Economics, Businesss education and member of the Nigerian taxation (N. I. T) apart from constituting a source of secondary data for scholars wishing to carry on research studies in tax management, the report will also form the basis upon which further studies on our topic of study can be advanced.

1.6 Scope of Study

This project work covers the area of data entry, information storage and retrieval, data update and how they are being kept as it concerns revenue generation at Nkanu East Local Government Area. This includes how data is collected, processed and stored for future use and the method of data update and information retrieval and adequate report generation.


1.7 Limitations of the Study

During the course of this study, many things militated against its completion, some of which are:

  1. Time Constraint: The time frame given to accomplish this project was very short due to school academic calendar and it was carried out under pressure which made the researcher not to implement some necessary features.
  2. Research material: availability of research material is a major setback to the scope of the study.
  3. Frequent power failure: This made the researcher append more money on fuel to ensure sustainable power.
  4. Financial Constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet).

1.8 Definition of Terms

Revenue: This can be define as income especially the total annual income of the state from taxis, etc. and one producing revenue contrasted with one protecting a country’s trade.

Revenue Generation: This is a means, through which government’s establishment hurt for money, which will be accountable to the government purse for execution of its project.

Premises: This can be define as a building land were business can be established.

Computer: This is a device capable of accepting data in the form of facts and figures applying prescribed to the data and supplying out the result of this processed meaningful information.

Data: This is the collection of facts and figures that are processed.

Information: This is the processed data is meaningful; that is the facts or details about something or somebody.

Design: This is the act of formulating work plan and requirements needed to achieve general objectives of a system.

Data: This is also fact of information, especially when examined and used to find out thing or to make decisions and information stored by computer.

Business: It is define as the activity of making buying and selling of goods and services for money.

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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