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Design and Implementation of an Online Job Portal

Design and Implementation of an Online Job Portal

Project / Seminar Material
Reference ID: PS-5455-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Implementation of an Online Job Portal” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of an Online Job Portal” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION


    CHAPTER TWO

    LITERATURE REVIEW

    • 2.1 Introduction

    CHAPTER THREE

    SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

    • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
    • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
    • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
    • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
    • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
    • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
    • 3.3 Feasibility Study
    • 3.3.1 Economic Feasibility
    • 3.3.2 Technical Feasibility
    • 3.3.3 Operational Feasibility
    • 3.4 Analysis of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.3 Justification of the Proposed System
    • 3.5 Functional Requirements
    • 3.5.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
    • 3.6 Data Requirements
    • 3.7 High Level Model of the Proposed System

    CHAPTER FOUR

    SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

    • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
    • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
    • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
    • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
    • 4.4 System Specification and Design
    • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
    • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
    • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
    • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
    • 4.6 Program Documentation
    • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
    • 4.7.1 System Testing
    • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
    • 4.8.1 Installation
    • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
    • 4.10 Software Requirement
    • 4.11 Personnel / User Training
    • 4.12 File Maintenance Module

    CHAPTER FIVE

    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Summary
    • 5.3 Conclusion
    • 5.4 Recommendation

    REFERENCES

    APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

    APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”

    ABSTRACT

    Online job seeking applications become the most useful tools to access the information about job applicants and job applications are accessible at the press of a button. The aim of the study is to Design and Implement an Online Job Portal. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows to design and develop an application software that will Allow job seekers to search and select the availability of jobs suitable for their needs and create a quick search and advance search that the user will use during the recruitment process.

    The motivation that led to the implementation of the proposed system is that applicants are increasing day by day, and are putting in their application for available job being advertised for enlistment in any company of their choice according to their qualifications and level of experiences and there is a problem of open discussion on the criteria for the job and challenging discrimination in all steps of the process in recruitment and essential in employing the best perform for the job.

    The methodology adopted in this study is the structured system analysis and design methodology (SSADM) which is a technical approach for analyzing and designing an application or system by applying object throughout the software development process. The programming language used is HTML, CSS, JAVASCRIPT, PHP, SQL and JQUERY. The reason why web programming languages was used is because, it is platform independent and it is a web based application. The proposed system would simplify the process of recruitment for both employers and the employees. This project will be of immense benefit to Enterprises, Shopping Malls/Supermarkets and many large companies like; waste companies, and Power holding companies. The expected result is an Online Job Portal that will showcase available jobs, manage recruitment processed between applicants and the firm or organization by using the software to be developed to search for the applicant resume, and matching it to the organization’s job profile, then the user will do the selection and send mail to the selected individual deemed fit for the job position in the organization.


    Design and Implementation of an Online Job Portal

    CHAPTER ONE

    1.1 Introduction

    Job seeking applications become the most useful tools to access the information about job applicants and job applications are accessible at the press of a button. The progress of Internet and World Wide Web technology brings the traditional recruitment process to web based recruitment. A recruitment and job search application system allow candidates to search for jobs anywhere anytime, helping people to find suitable work relevant to their needs. Acquiring and retaining high-quality talents are critical to an organization’s success. As the job market becomes increasingly competitive and the available skills grow more diverse, recruiters need to be more selective in their choices, since poor recruiting decisions can produce long-term negative effects, among them high training and development costs to minimize the incidence of poor performance and high turnover which, in turn, impact staff morale, the production of high quality goods and services and the retention the organizational integrity.

    As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the statement of problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Limitations of the Study and Definition of technical terms.


    1.2 Background of Study

    Today there is no place for errors, so as to make a system more effective and efficient we need such technology where error prone chances must be least. In the scenario of this project, we are required to develop a web-based application on Job Portal Management System. In this time of recession where everyone, is either experienced or fresher, is in search for a job. This job portal can prove to be very helpful since it allows users of different profile to upload their CVs, search job on the basis of their qualification.

    Organizations seeking recruits for base-level entry positions often require minimum qualifications and experience. These applicants are usually recent high school or university/technical college graduates, many of whom have not yet made clear decisions about future careers or are contemplating engaging in advanced academic activities. At the middle levels, senior administrative technical and junior executive positions are often filled internally. The push for scarce, high-quality talents, often recruited from external sources, has usually been at the senior executive levels. Most organizations utilize both mechanisms to effect recruitment to all levels.

    Traditional, job recruitment of officers into a vacant position is a difficult task in terms of collection and processing of data since a lot of applicant will apply for a particular job. In the cause of processing applicant data, this causes a lot of errors, inaccuracy, favoritism, nepotism and unreliability, which lead to the organization’s failure of recruiting the right caliber of persons to fill the available vacant positions. Processing manually makes the organization to waste a lot of resources since there are many applicant data which allow recruiting more people to handle these tasks. Entrepreneurs are therefore often faced with fear when hiring their first employee because it is difficult to discover a good employee.

    On the other hand, most job seekers complain that it is difficult to find the right job, that is, the one which would suit them. Job seekers resort to searching the Internet for job vacancies. This means that job vacancy adverts would get to a large number of potential employees, which also has its advantages and disadvantages. For the recruiters, one job vacancy may attract thousands of job applicants. This makes the process of job recruitment tedious both to the recruiters and job seekers in other to find the perfect fit to the job.

    Every user can access through user id and apply for multiple jobs at a time. Viewing available jobs or applying for the job at the agency can be done for which jobseekers have to go to the agency and check the available jobs at the agency. Job seekers check the list of jobs available and apply the job. Then the agency will show available jobs for the job seeker for his qualifications and then updates the jobs database. The developed Job Portal management system is web-based which Requires Employee Registration & Profiles, Job Search, Employer Registration & Profiles, and Subscription Option for both Employee and Employer etc. Employer can add Own Profile and post jobs and Job Seeker can Search Jobs based on Geographical Area (Country, State, and City), Qualification, and Company wise or on the Basis of Experience and Expertise wise.


    1.3 Statement of Problem

    Investigation revealed that a lot of people find it difficult to get a suitable job. Searching for a job can be done through the advertisements in magazines, newspapers, or through job centers. On the other hand, many employees are not satisfied with their jobs due to several reasons. In our society today, the issue of managing human resources in firms, companies or organizations is a great challenge to the management.

    Applicants were required to search through print and visual media for opportunities, most times this jobs were limited to the applicant’s location. Application were submitted using the conventional methods which weren’t effective and efficient based on loss of document during transits and many more. The old system approach was tedious and requires much effort and resources, most times Employers need to advertise the vacancies and sort all applicants’ details, conduct selections procedures based on qualifications.


    1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study

    The aim of the study is to Design and Implement an Online Job Portal. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows to design and develop an application software that will:

    1. Allow job seekers to search and select the availability of jobs suitable for their needs.
    2. Enable employers to search for suitable candidates according to the requirements of organization.
    3. Create a quick search and advance search that the user will use during the recruitment process.
    4. Assure equal opportunity and impartial review of applications in an organization or film.
    5. Allow for hiring and recruitment manager to effectively manage jobs and applicants in an organization or firm in other to meet the required result both by the organization and the consumer.

    1.5 Significance of Study

    The proposed system would simplify the process of recruitment for both employers and the employees. Moreover, the use of software in recruitment would allow job seekers to be screened for interviews without having to be physically present. Those who then meet up with the criteria would be invited over. This study will be of immense benefit to other researchers who intend to know more on this study and can also be used by non-researchers to build more on their research work. This study contributes to knowledge and could serve as a guide for other study.


    1.6 Scope of Study

    The scope of the research focuses on the Design and Implementation of an Online Job Portal. The proposed system will maintain Job Seeker and Employer records, maintain uploaded Resumes, provide Customized Job Postings and maintain Job Posting details and generate various reports.


    1.7 Limitations of the Study

    During the course of this study, many things militated against its completion, some of which are:

    1. Time Constraint: The time frame given to accomplish this project was very short due to school academic calendar and it was carried out under pressure which made the researcher not to implement some necessary features.
    2. Research material: availability of research material is a major setback to the scope of the study.
    3. Frequent power failure: This made the researcher append more money on fuel to ensure sustainable power.
    4. Financial Constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet).

    1.8 Definition of Terms

    JB (Job Management): This involves the operations of creating job interviews test and grading applicant, and selecting applicant by grades.

    RMS (Recruitment Management System): This is also known as e-recruitment or online recruitment system is a multi-component software tool designed to automate and facilitate the processes involved in finding, attracting, accessing, interviewing and hiring new personnel.

    CHAPTER TWO

    2.0 Literature Review

    2.1 Introduction

    This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

    Summary Headlines for Design and Implementation of an Online Job Portal



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