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The Impact of Public Sector Accounting on Government Revenue Generation and Expenditure Control on Public Funds A Case Study of the Ministry of Finance Imo State
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The Impact of Public Sector Accounting on Government Revenue Generation and Expenditure Control on Public Funds

Project / Seminar Material
Reference ID: PS-18-TM

DEDICATION

This research work titled "The Impact of Public Sector Accounting on Government Revenue Generation and Expenditure Control on Public Funds (A Case Study of the Ministry of Finance Imo State)" is dedicated to God for his enabling grace and to all computer enthusiasts who help to make life a pleasant experience.



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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I owe my indebtedness to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Accountancy / Accounting, Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing/related research work for your moral support that facilitated the successful completion of my (Tertiary Institution level). I am grateful to God Almighty and my parent for their financial support in my career. I really appreciate you all for everything, Thank you very much.



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The Impact of Public Sector Accounting on Government Revenue Generation and Expenditure Control on Public Funds (A Case Study of the Ministry of Finance Imo State)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preliminary Pages

CHAPTER ONE

  • 1.0 Introduction
  • 1.1 Statement of Problem
  • 1.2 Need for the Study
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions / Hypothesis
  • 1.5 Scope of the Study
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms

CHAPTER TWO

  • 2.0 Literature Review
  • 2.1 Historical background of research problem
  • 2.2 Theories and Models relevant to the Research
  • 2.3 Current Literature base on each of the relevant variables of the model or theory
  • 2.4 Rational for Choice of Variables
  • 2.5 The methodology
  • 2.6 Data selection and analysis
  • 2.7 Summary of the Chapter

Chapter Three

  • 3.0 Presentation, Analysis & Interpretation Of Data
  • 3.1 Theoretical frame work

Chapter Four

  • 4.0 Results and Discussion

Chapter Five

  • 5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusions
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • 5.4 Areas for further Study

Bibliography

Appendices




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ABSTRACT

Government generate revenue in order to enable it perform its functions. This project is all about how government source for fund and how it spends it. It also focused on the need for expenditure control on public funds. In course of this project. this is to enable text books and journals wer used as materials for this project. this is to enable the researcher known the view of other authors on this study.

Chapter one and two were based on the objectives and the problems of the study. Data used in this are through primary and secondary sources. The primary source include; oral interview and questionnaires

Chapter three and four discussed the presentation and analysis of data testing of hypothesis and interpretation of data from the test of hypthesis in chapter four, the accepted hypothesis supported the objective of the study.

This research work has really helped us to understand that if government did not exercise proper control on public funds, it will be mismanaged by those who have access to it and as a result of this the objective we of government which is to provide for its citizens will not be achieved.





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The Impact of Public Sector Accounting on Government Revenue Generation and Expenditure Control on Public Funds (A Case Study of the Ministry of Finance Imo State)

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction

Public sector consist of organizations where control lies in the hand of the public as opposed to private owners, and whose objectives involves the provision of services where profit is not a primary objective. Comparisons between the financial performance of the public sector and that of the private sector are difficult to make because the public sector organizations multi-purpose, not dealing with single product or services, and they have different sources of finance performance in measurement in the public sector is hindered by lack of profit motive. The theory of public sector should focus on how government should source and utilize funds.

The major goal of government is how to raise enough fund to carryout its objectives because they are numerous. Government its objectives because they are numerous. Government has its duties to perform and they need sufficient fund to perform its functions as affect the economy as a whole that is why, the Nigeria government should try and see that at least more than half of its proposal every year is being achieved.

1.1 Statement Of The Problem

In public sector, the government has to live and perform its duties to the nation. As a result there must be a mass of livelihood called money. Also this money generated by government has to be spend appropriately and wisely to avoid mis-management of fund. Therefore, this research work intends to know the impact of public sector accounting on:

  1. Where government generates its revenue?
  2. How to utilize the money?
  3. How to keep the money?
  4. The effect of expenditure control on public fund?

1.2 Objectives Of The Study

The basic objective of the government in the society is to ensure the highest degree of Happiness and contentment or largest number of people in the society. With regards to the above statement, the objectives of this study are as follows:

  1. To find out whether the revenue accruing to the government are properly recorded.
  2. To observe the need for due process in executing government plans.
  3. To establish a proper system of accounting record in the effective management of the sector.
  4. To establish expenditure control in order to ensure that all expenditures are wholly, necessarily, reasonably and exclusively incurred for the purpose for which they are meant for.

1.3 Need For The Study

This study will enable the citizens to know the importance of expenditure control on public funds, and also to ensure that a sound system of accounting record are kept in various ministries of the government.

1.4 Research Question Of Hypothesis

In order to carryout this study effectively, the objectives and sources of the problems associated with the study gave rise to those research question.

  • Are the revenues accruing to the government properly recorded?
  • Does the observation of due process help in the execution of government plans?
  • Does the exercise of expenditure control help the government to make expenses that are wholly, necessarily, reasonably and exclusively?

Hypothesis Of The Question

Hypothesis 1

  • Ho: The revenues accruing to the government are not properly recorded.
  • Hi: The revenue accruing to the government are properly recorded.

Hypothesis 2

  • Ho: The exercise of expenditure control will not help the government to make expenditures that are wholly, necessarily, reasonably and exclusively.
  • Hi: The exercise of expenditure control will help the government to make expenditures that are wholly, necessarily, reasonably and exclusively.

Hypothesis 3

  • Ho: The ministry of finance Imo State observation of due process will not help in the execution of government plans.
  • Hi: The ministry of finance Imo State observation of due process will help in the execution of government plans.

1.5 Scope of the Study

The scope of the research is to cover adequately all aspect of revenue generation and expenditure control in government parastatals, but due to the vastness of the scope, the researcher restricted the scope of the study to the ministry of finance Imo State.

1.6 Assumptions of the Study

In carrying out his research work, the impact of public sector accounting on government revenue generation and expenditure control on public und, the management and staff of the ministry of finance Imo State would be enough to carry out the research work. Also that the ministry stands to represent other ministries not covered by the researcher, due to some limitations and constrains.

1.7 Limitations of the Study

In carrying out the research work, the following limitations and constrains were encountered by the researcher.

  1. Inadequate Information: It was not easy for the management and staff of the ministry f finance to disclose all information needed in this research, duties to current happenings and for security reasons.
  2. Finance: As a student who is still dependent on the parents to provide all financial needs, the money involved in carrying this research work was not enough.
  3. Time: The research is time consuming, as a student who has other things to do, time constraint do not invalidate this work.

1.8 Definition Of Terms

Public Sector Accounting: This is the process of recording, communicating, summarizing, Analyzing and interpreting government financial statement in aggregate and in details reflecting all transactions in the receipts, custody and disbursement of government fund.

Recording: This is the documentation of financial transactions and events affecting the various units in to appropriate books of account.

Classifying: This is the classification of revenue and predetermined expenditure into account groups according to predetermined codes, that is revenue head and sub head.

Analyzing: This is the procedure of separating transaction into relevant parts.

Summarizing: This is the gathering of data into sub-total and totals in accordance with the management specification.

Communicating: This is the communication of the out come of the operations on the financial data of the government to intended users.

Interpreting: This is the interpretation of the meaning of the financial statement on the activities of the various levels of government.

Parastatals: These are some of the administrative groups of government such as ministries authority statutory corporations and agencies whose intentions and objectives is not profit oriented.

Public Revenue: This referees to the income accruing to the government from the performance of its economic activities.

Public Expenditure: This also refers to the expenses which the government incurs for maintaining itself and the economy as a whole.

Expenditure Control: This is the procedure that is needed to regulate the use of public fund and to ensure proper authorizations of the government spending.

Fraud: A deceptive trick planned to obtain an unjust or illegal financial advantages.

Fund Management: This means efficient and effective use of organizational money or funds to achieve the objectives of which the fund was given issued.

Expenditure: This is the outflow of resources or the incurring of obligations for goods and services required to generate funds.

Fund: This is a separate fiscal and accounting entity governed by specific regulations separated from other funds and established for a specific purpose.

Account: A formal record of a transaction expressed in money and kept in a journal. It is popularly called the language off the business.

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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The Impact of Public Sector Accounting on Government Revenue Generation and Expenditure Control on Public Funds is a proposal topic for final year research work, which comprises the major and elective project proposal writing sections for The Impact of Public Sector Accounting on Government Revenue Generation and Expenditure Control on Public Funds (A Case Study of the Ministry of Finance Imo State) research work.

Major Sections
  • Motivation for Embarking on the Project

  • Brief Background of Study

  • Statement of Problems

  • Aim of the Study

  • Specific Objectives of the Study

  • Significance of the Study (Who benefits from the project and how?)

Elective Sections
  • Relevant Research Questions

  • Relevant Research Hypotheses


Defense Procedure for Accounting Researchers


Know your Project / Seminar Work (The Impact of Public Sector Accounting on Government Revenue Generation and Expenditure Control on Public Funds): Here are the key point to study if your work is cumbersome or not.

  • Abstract

CHAPTER ONE

  • Motivation / Statement of Problems
  • Aims & Objective of Study
  • Scope of Study
  • Significance of Study

CHAPTER TWO

  • State two or more citation from your review of related literature.

CHAPTER THREE

  • Know the methodologies, tools and techniques used.

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Justification of your work and things to adhered to before using the system or research work.

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Conclusion and Recommendation

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