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The Role of Accountants in the Privatization and Commercialization of Public Enterprises in Nigerian Economy

The Role of Accountants in the Privatization and Commercialization of Public Enterprises in Nigerian Economy

Project / Seminar Material
Reference ID: PS-129-TM


This research material titled “The Role of Accountants in the Privatization and Commercialization of Public Enterprises in Nigerian Economy” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.


I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “The Role of Accountants in the Privatization and Commercialization of Public Enterprises in Nigerian Economy” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.

The Role of Accountants in the Privatization and Commercialization of Public Enterprises in Nigerian Economy




  • 1.0 Introduction
  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 purpose of study
  • 1.4 Research questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the Study
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms.


  • 2.0 Literature Review
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2. The benefits of Privatization and Commercialization
  • 2.3 The scope of the Nigeria Selected Privatization and Commercialization
  • 2.4 The Process of Privatization and Commercialization
  • 2.5 The Establishment and Membership of Technical Committee on Privatization and Commercialization.
  • 2.6 The role of Accountant in the Privatization and Commercialization of Public Sector.
  • 2.7 Factors to be Considered in the Programme of Privatization and commercialization of Nigeria
  • 2.8 Controversy over Privatization and Commercialization in Public Sectors


  • 3.0 Research Design and Methodology
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Design
  • 3.3 Sources / Method of Data Collection
  • 3.4 Sample Techniques
  • 3.5 Validity and Reliability of Measuring Instrument
  • 3.6 Method of Data Analysis


  • 4.0 Presentation and analysis of data
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Presentation of Data
  • 4.3 Analysis of Data


  • 5.0 Summary, Conclusion, Recommendation
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary of findings
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation




This ND project is a research aimed at the role of accountant in the privatization and commercialization of parastatals in Nigeria. The privatization and different sectors are in Nigeria depict how different sectors are controlled in the country with the help of an accountant. This entails its policies, application, short comings and factors militating against its effective and successful execution. The problems of today's system of privatization and commercialization of parastatals are enormous.

The government being the non profit oriented organization needs funds to carryout its governmental administrative humanitarian responsibilities and as well as investment which will create room for employment privatization and commercialization are therefore ways through which the government sells public properties to individuals for proper control and diversification. The study is divided into five chapters, chapter one which deals with problem, definition of terms, chapter two involves literature review and the role of different sectors in the economy. Chapter three includes research design methodology, chapter four comprises of presentation and analysis of data, while chapter five includes summary, conclusion and recommendations.

The Role of Accountants in the Privatization and Commercialization of Public Enterprises in Nigerian Economy


1.0 Introduction

According to the topic “The Role of the Accountant the Privatization and Commercialization of Parastatals in Nigeria”, firstly and accountant is a person that keeps audit and inspects the financial records of individuals or business concerns and prepares financial and tax report. He is also a person concerned with the maintenance and audit of business accounts and the preparation of consultant reports in tax and finance. According to the definition, the accountant helps the private and commercial parastatals in Nigeria to control their financial status.

1.1 Background of the Study

According to the native revenue proclamation No:2 of 1906, which was the first step taken by the British colonial to introduce a comprehensive legislation and revenue generation in the colony. This step was applied to the southern part of Nigeria. Due to the urge for instance in the revenue generation and share incidence of administration conveyance, Sir Lord Lugard amalgamated the northern and southern Nigeria in 1914. With this arrangement there was a rise in consolidated revenue and also to the setting up of uniform public enterprises and corporation in Nigeria through the modified proclamation ordinance No of 1917.

There was a fundamental transformation of the economy which went from a policy orientation to a more liberalized regime. The policy was made possible by Nigerian enterprises promotion degree of 1972/1974, which the world oil market situation was depressed by late 1980, there was an account of about 50% of GPD and over 60% of modern sector employment which created to non commercial and 110 commercial and federal parastatals with a state level of large number which rely on government subvention to cover operating loss. Due to the collapse of oil prices there were adverse consequences on the economy which exchange rate, a incentive structure which discourage savings and investment to low or even negative growth rate of the GPD capacity privatization to the virtual disappearance of non oil tradition product from over export profit.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

  1. The greatest problem faced by the federal government during the beginning of the privatization and commercialization programme in July, 1988 was the sound implementation of the programme.
  2. This provides a decision by any perspective private investor whether to decide on, to invest in any enterprise an accountant who understands the language of the business, vis-a- vis the interpretation of financial statement among other roles, it is known that most public enterprises fails because of inadequate accounting information which aids management in her decision.
  3. Due to the failure government parastatals, the role of accountant and re-evaluating of accounting concept was made necessary.
  4. This identifies the major cause which is said to be lack of sound and prompt utilization of accountant's personal which helps in the co-ordination of the business functions in other departments. The project reviews the role of accountants in relation to the provision of information.

1.1 Purpose of the Study

The topic of this research is an interesting area which requires the details on the control of failure, of the government parastatals as a result of improper management of man, materials and machines, the main purpose of this study is on the role the accountants offers to the government and other interest groups before, during and after the programmes of privatization and commercialization towards the attainment of the set objectives. The problems is said to be non recognition of accounting rules, principles, techniques and procedure essential to understand the activities of the parastatals vis-à-vis public in the implementation of proper.

1.3 Research Questions

  1. What are the reasons for the privatization and commercialization of government parastatals?
  2. What is the meaning of privatization and commercialization? full meaning Partial meaning.
  3. What are the criteria used in qualifying government corporations for full or partial commercialization?
  4. How many public enterprises were stated for privatization and commercialization?
  5. How many of the affected parastatals have been privatized and commercialized so far?
  6. To what extent can the accountant display to the successful privatization and commercialization exercise?

1.5 Significant of the Study

The state and federal level of privatization and commercialization of public enterprise may not be completed within the first four year of the four republics. Which is due to the consideration of issues on the floor of the house that are to be decided by the federal government state legislators on the type full partial and the actual establishment for the exercise which will require a gradual process. The recent constituted committee on privatization and commercialization programmes reviews the roles of an accountant which must be appreciated in the execution of the programme by ex-raying in pros and cons in the financial statements/records both in the planning down to control exercises.

1.6 Scope of the Study

There are a great number of parastatals in Nigeria stated for privatization and commercialization, they include NNPC, NITEL, NPA, PHCN, NRC, NCC, NTA, NMA, NAA, WATER BOARD, BANKS, ROLLING MILLS, SALT AND TEXTILES, NAGCON, etc.

Based on this fact area of concentration is going to be centered on July 3 of the parastatals namely the petroleum, communication and electricity (NNPC, NITEL, PHCN). By special field of study there will be the role of the accountant in the above parastatals and how she is involved in the current privatization and commercialization programme in Nigeria.

1.7 Limitations of the Study

An attempt was made to conduct a comprehensive research work on this project so as to make it a board base text to all manner of people. However, the inadequate finances and limited time period allowed for the completion of this project was not considered enough and could not allow for a thorough and in-depth work to be done. As a result of the above relatively small sample was being studied here as there was limited number of literatures on the topic, which denied this research must acknowledge what other scholars have done on the topic in the past. In any case, apart from the literature review relevance is placed on the credible questionnaire responses by respondents in spite of all these short comings, this research was the belief that the data and information gathered will adequately stand text of the time, thereby, serving the need for this study.

1.8 Definition of Terms


This can be defined as a total transfer of government owned equity interest wholly to private investors.


This is the running of government owned enterprises in a sector to be profitable through changes in a management.

Full Privatization:

This can be defined as a total transfer of government owned equity interest in an enterprise wholly to the private investors.

Full Commercialization:

This is the process of running government owned enterprises and efficient manner as to make enough profit to cover both the capital and overhead profit.

Partial Commercialization:

This is the process of running government owned parastatals in a manner to cover the overhead cost while leaving the capital cost to be done by the government.

Public Enterprise:

This can be defined as the government owned establishment. They are often called parastatals.

Technical Committee On Privatization and Commercialization

This is a committee being established by the federal government to supervise and monitor the organization of privatization and commercialization programme.


2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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