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Design and Implementation of Computer Based System for Judiciary Information Management

Design and Implementation of Computer Based System for Judiciary Information Management

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Reference ID: PS-5065-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Implementation of Computer Based System for Judiciary Information Management” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of Computer Based System for Judiciary Information Management” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION


    CHAPTER TWO

    LITERATURE REVIEW

    • 2.1 Introduction

    CHAPTER THREE

    SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

    • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
    • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
    • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
    • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
    • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
    • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
    • 3.3 Feasibility Study
    • 3.3.1 Economic Feasibility
    • 3.3.2 Technical Feasibility
    • 3.3.3 Operational Feasibility
    • 3.4 Analysis of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.3 Justification of the Proposed System
    • 3.5 Functional Requirements
    • 3.5.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
    • 3.6 Data Requirements
    • 3.7 High Level Model of the Proposed System

    CHAPTER FOUR

    SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

    • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
    • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
    • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
    • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
    • 4.4 System Specification and Design
    • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
    • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
    • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
    • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
    • 4.6 Program Documentation
    • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
    • 4.7.1 System Testing
    • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
    • 4.8.1 Installation
    • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
    • 4.10 Software Requirement
    • 4.11 Personnel / User Training
    • 4.12 File Maintenance Module

    CHAPTER FIVE

    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Summary
    • 5.3 Conclusion
    • 5.4 Recommendation

    REFERENCES

    APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

    APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”


    Design and Implementation of Computer Based System for Judiciary Information Management

    CHAPTER ONE

    1.0 Introduction

    Judicial Information Management Systems (JIMS) can be used to help the judiciary manage and complete their daily work. These systems can also be used to prevent data corruption and allow data “mining,” that identifies potential corruption activities. This chapter briefly discusses the issue of judicial corruption and describes automated system functions that can be used to eliminate and potentially indicate corrupt practices.

    A court is a form of tribunal, often a governmental institution with the authority to adjucate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law. In both common law and civil law systems, courts as the central means for dispute resolution and it is generally understood that all persons have an ability to bring their claims before a court. Similarly, the right of those accused of a crime include the right to present a defense before a court. The system of courts that interpret and apply the law are collectively known as the judiciary. The place where a court sits is known as a venue. The room where court proceedings occur is known as a court-room and the building is a court-house An electronic databank of information is kept about every accused that is remanded to prison custody by the Magistrates or High Courts. Due to recent developments in information and communication technology several application developers have come up with systems that identifies each accused by a unique reference number, tracks key events in the progress of his case, and provides a search facility to enable the current status, location and history of the case to be established at any time. This implies that the utilization of computer programs in the judiciary has improved its effective administration of justice. McMillan (2007).

    1.1 Background

    The increasing prevalence of information technology in the justice domain has brought about significant changes in the way court information is structured, captured, stored, accessed, maintained, distributed, secured and preserved. These changes are challenging traditional information management policies and practices that are intrinsically based on a paper paradigm. Before effective new information management policies can be formulated however, the significant differences between paper and electronic information must be considered alongside the unique challenges of our new digitized environment. In a court, information is everything. The verdict of the judge for instance and the name of the plaintiff, defendant, witness etc are all relevant information that needs to be stored for future reference. Many courts especially in Nigeria are not adopting Information and Communication Technology to facilitate the recording and retrieval of information despite the importance. Technological developments in the world have made organizations to shift from manual systems to computerized systems.


    1.2 Statement of Problem

    The manual way of processing and recording judiciary cases is associated with a lot of problems. Several problems characterize the justice system such as: lack of responsibility for cases, poor communication among the criminal justice institutions, and the lack of reliable central case recording system and the prolonged de-lay of cases generally. The length of time awaiting trial persons stay in prison is too lengthy thereby leading to congestion of prisons. There is high level of delay in administration of justice. This situation is present as the result of the absence of an efficient system to manage court cases. It is in view of these problems that this research study is embarked upon.


    1.3 Aim/objectives of the study

    The aim of the study is to design and implement a judicial information system. The following are the specific objectives:

    1. To store judiciary case files electronically
    2. To develop a system that will provide an interface to easily capture court case information.
    3. To aid the easy updating and retrieving of judiciary case files
    4. To develop a system that can be used to mine data pertaining to registered case files.
    5. To provide a system that presents reports pertaining individual case files when needed.

    1.5 Scope of the study

    This study covers design and implementation of judicial information management system using magistrate court, Ikot Ekpene as a case study.


    1.6 Organization of Research

    This research work is organized into five chapters.

    Chapter one is concerned with the introduction of the research study and it presents the preliminaries, theoretical background, statement of the problem, aim and objectives of the study, significance of the study, scope of the study, organization of the research and definition of terms.

    Chapter two focuses on the literature review, the contributions of other scholars on the subject matter is discussed.

    Chapter three is concerned with the system analysis and design. It presents the research methodology used in the development of the system, it analyzes the present system to identify the problems and provides information on the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed system. The system design is also presented in this chapter.

    Chapter four presents the system implementation and documentation, the choice of programming language, analysis of modules, choice of programming language and system requirements for implementation.

    Chapter five focuses on the summary, constraints of the study, conclusion and recommendations are provided in this chapter based on the study carried out.


    1.7 Significance of the study

    The significance of the study is that it will facilitate the easy storage and retrieval of needed information pertaining to court cases handled by the judiciary of Magistrate court, Ikot Ekpene. The system also aids data mining through querying of the database. This will in turn boost the operations of the courts and make them operate at a world class level. The study will also serve as a useful reference material to other researchers seeking for information pertaining judicial information management system.


    1.8 Definition of terms


    Case:

    A matter examinee or judged in a court of law.


    Court:

    Meeting where legal judgments are made. Also seen as an official body that has authority to try cases, resolve disputes, or make other legal decisions.


    Crime:

    An action prohibited by law or failure to act as required by law.


    Defendant:

    A person or company required to answer charges in a court.


    Judiciary:

    The branch of a country’s central administration that is concerned with dispensing justice


    Judge:

    A high-ranking court officer, formerly a lawyer, who supervises court trials, instructs juries, and pronounces sentence


    Judicial:

    Relating or belonging to a body of judges or to the system that administers justice


    Management:

    The organizing and controlling of the affairs of a business or a sector of a business or organization. Also, the act of handling or controlling something successfully.


    Plaintiff:

    Somebody who brings a law suit against somebody else (defendant) in court.


    Proceedings:

    Published records of meeting or conference.


    System:

    A combination of related components working together to achieve a particular goal.

    CHAPTER TWO

    2.0 Literature Review

    2.1 Introduction

    This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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