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Design and Implementation of Event Scheduling Management System

Design and Implementation of Event Scheduling Management System

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Reference ID: PS-5189-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Implementation of Event Scheduling Management System” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of Event Scheduling Management System” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.


Design and Implementation of Event Scheduling Management System

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Background of Study
  • 1.3 Statement of Problems
  • 1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study
  • 1.5 Significance of Study
  • 1.6 Scope of Study
  • 1.7 Limitations of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Theoretical Review of Event scheduling
  • 2.2.l MySQL
  • 2.2.2 PHP
  • 2.2.3 HTML and CSS
  • 2.2.4 Overview of SMS Notification System
  • 2.2.5 Libraries and Mobile Technology
  • 2.2.6 SMS Technology
  • 2.3 Benefits of Event Scheduling Management System
  • 2.4 Concept of Event Schedule Registration
  • 2.4.1 Online Registration
  • 2.4.2 Usage of Online Event Rental Registration Forms
  • 2.5 Event Booking System Web Portal
  • 2.5.1 Types of Event Booking System Web Portals

CHAPTER THREE

SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

  • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
  • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
  • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
  • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
  • 3.3.2 Disadvantages of the Existing System
  • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
  • 3.3 Analysis of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.3 Justification of the Proposed System
  • 3.4 Functional Requirements
  • 3.4.1 Use Case Diagram of the Admin / User Privileges
  • 3.5 Data Requirements
  • 3.6 High Level Model of the Proposed System

CHAPTER FOUR

SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

  • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
  • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
  • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
  • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
  • 4.4 System Specification and Design
  • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
  • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
  • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
  • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
  • 4.6 Program Documentation
  • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
  • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
  • 4.8.1 Installation
  • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
  • 4.10 Software Requirement
  • 4.11 Personnel / User Training

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation

REFERENCES

APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”

ABSTRACT

Event management is a new evolving field which was birth in order to manage different kind of event, depending on the number of people involved. Event management is the organization of all the tasks and activities necessary for the execution of an event regarding its strategy, planning, implementation, and control, based on the principles of event marketing and the methods of project management. The aim of the study is to design and implement a web based event scheduling management system. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives will be set out as follows to design and develop an application software that will extensively carry out an analysis on how event is been managed in the institution and improve on the existing method by automating the manual ways of scheduling an event. The motivation that led to the implementation of the proposed system is that the manual way of conveying messages brings about certain restrictions such as non-availability of the proposed receiver, omission of vital details from the dispatcher. Also, a lot of people forget about the event date or time as a result of no proper documentation about the event. The methodology adopted in this study is the object oriented analysis and design methodology (OOADM) which is a technical approach for analyzing and designing an application or system by applying object throughout the software development process. The programming language used is HTML, CSS, JAVASCRIPT, PHP, SQL and JQUERY. The reason why web programming languages was used is because, it is platform independent and it is a web based application. The Event Management System developed in this research work will be beneficial to the staff of a particular institution (Federal University of Technology). The institution will benefit immensely from implementing this system as it will make the assigning of event venues and sending of notifications to attendee a seamless effort. The expected result is a computerized Event Scheduling Management System that will process and schedule Institutional event and the system will generate accurate event information which will be sent via an SMS.


Design and Implementation of Event Scheduling Management System

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 Introduction

Event management is a new evolving field which was birth in order to manage different kind of event, depending on the number of people involved. Event management is the organization of all the tasks and activities necessary for the execution of an event regarding its strategy, planning, implementation, and control, based on the principles of event marketing and the methods of project management (Loos et al, 2008). The context of event flows includes multiple states and participation from different people such as event registration, pending registration, cancelled event, approved registration, attendees, and event managers. The manual process of managing an event is time consuming as man is prone to error.

As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the statement of problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Limitations of the Study and Definition of technical terms.


1.2 Background of Study

The continuous advancement in the information and communication technology as contributed a lot to the universe, making life easier for individual, organization, institution and every field now see the importance of ICT as the world goes global and tend towards ubiquitous computing. The rate of time consuming task and tedious activities has reduced as a result of this advancement because many tasks can now be automated with the help of technology improving the manual way of processing, storing, accessing, communicating and providing information from one person to another or among group of people. The role of information is inevitable in our daily lives. Information is extremely important to the successful functioning of any organisation. The constant and steady stream of communication and information helps to build credibility and reflect a sense of transparency in our daily interaction. Various people assemble together for the purpose of communicating with one another towards achieving the organisation’s goal.

The workspace in our daily activities requires proper interaction as event is considered as one of the frequent task in an organization. Events have the distinctive ability to bring people physically together, and to motivate and make them communicate in ways that cannot be easily copied by other means. Although events are important part of human life but the subject however is poorly developed and there is need for proper enlightenment. (Malhotra, 2002).

An event covers extensive functionality and many different contexts. It concept includes social gathering, sport, meeting, entertainment, festival etc and it has become a fashion to use the word event for something that involve people and time in a particular place. It is seen as a functionality “primitive” meaning something that happens attached to a time frame. Events could be anything from an item in a personal schedule, such as informal gathering, a formal gathering. Event is a word that is generally used for an occurrence at a given place, a special circumstances, which can only occur ones. One key characteristic of an event is that they are time limited, it is not a continuous process, each event has a start and finish time and it is very difficult to replicate an event no matter how one tries (Getz, 2007). Further study of this subject shows that beyond the ability to create an event (time and scope), some functionality are also required such as registration of event, email notification of event updates, multiple event administrators (with different level of authentication).

Though scheduling an event within similar or different group is a very tedious work because it is very difficult to find suitable time between multiple individuals. Different techniques, tools, technology have been developed in time past to solve problems relating to how to properly manage an event. The need for scheduling was birth with the question of how to manage time and execute plans in our daily life. Scheduling is considered one of the old problems in the field of the computer science, this problem has been recognized in number of computing field, in order to solve this problem number of integrated solutions have been developed. A large number of the research works and implementations of different algorithms have been designed, developed and simulated for solving the critical problems linked with the scheduling. There are numbers of common algorithms which have been utilized for solving the scheduling problem such as “Priority Scheduling, First-Come, First-Served (FCFS) Scheduling, Round Robin (RR), Shortest-Job-First (SJR) Scheduling and many others”.


1.3 Statement of Problems

Event involves bringing people together within a time frame in a particular place. The major problem is how information about the event is been communicated and how to secure a proper venue for each event. The manual way of conveying messages bring about certain restrictions such as non-availability of the proposed receiver, omission of vital details from the dispatcher, etc. Another problem is people forgetting about the event date or time, because there is no proper documentation about the event. Sometimes the purpose of the event is not well sent out, so lack of preparation for such meeting occurs.

In addition, we have different unit in an institution, each with different work and functions. Sometimes different unit fix the same event venue, the same day and time, without knowing that the venue as been schedule for another meeting. This leads to congestion of event and most events as been terminated or conducted lately because of lack of venue. It is in this light that this project seeks to develop a system that will provide solution to these problems stated above.


1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study

The aim of the study is to design and implement a web based event scheduling management system. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives will be set out as follows to design and develop an application software that will:

  1. Extensively carry out an analysis on how event is been managed in the institution.
  2. Improve on the existing method by automating the manual ways of scheduling an event.
  3. Develop and implement event scheduling management system for an health centre.
  4. Develop an application that will accurately schedule multiple event meet-up with reference to time.

1.5 Significance of Study

In academic environment, proper coordination of venues for an event and those that are to participate in such event is of high importance towards preventing clashes of venues and also uninvited personnel to a particular event. In this modern age where computing is becoming ubiquitous, organizations are being encouraged to have an information system that will assist them in the management of events.

The Event Management System developed in this research work will be beneficial to the staff of a particular institution (Federal University of Technology). The institution will benefit immensely from implementing this system as it will make the assigning of event venues and sending of notifications to attendee a seamless effort.

The employee of the organization will also be able to get notification when a new event is created in which they are to be part of, also the System will send a reminder in form of SMS and Email to the attendee in some days or hours as it is being setup by the organization.

Finally, the organization can generate frequent reports on event venues, date, time and those that are to attend a scheduled event


1.6 Scope of Study

This project which will be a web based application will handle issues related to scheduling and management of event within the institution. It will be confined to creation of meetings by the administrator, online venue reservation and sending of information as regards to the meeting to employee, with detail meeting description such as time, duration, agenda and venue that will be needed for meeting via their email and mobile phone. This system will also send a remainder before the meeting, to enhance full awareness and preparation.


1.7 Limitations of the Study

During the course of this study, many things militated against its completion, some of which are:

  1. Time Constraint: The time frame given to accomplish this project was very short due to school academic calendar and it was carried out under pressure which made the researcher not to implement some necessary features.
  2. Establishment Policies: Establishment policies posed a serious limitation as most staffs are not ready to release information needed for this project work. There were lots of information needed from the staffs of this institution to enhance the study which took them time to release or they did not release at all for security purposes, hence the scope was reduced.
  3. Research material: availability of research material is a major setback to the scope of the study.
  4. Frequent power failure: This made the researcher append more money on fuel to ensure sustainable power.
  5. Financial Constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet).

1.8 Definition of Terms

Information: Knowledge communicated or received concerning a particular fact or circumstance; news

Event: An occurrence, especially one that is particularly significant, interesting, exciting or unusual

Scheduling: Planning work that needed to be done, showing the order in which tasks are to be carried out and the amounts of time allocated to them.

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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