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Design and Implementation of Online Post UTME A Case Study of Fcsit Bayero University Kano

Design and Implementation of Online Post UTME

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Reference ID: PS-4969-TM


This research material titled “Design and Implementation of Online Post UTME” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.


I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of Online Post UTME” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.







    • 2.1 Introduction



    • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
    • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
    • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
    • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
    • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
    • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
    • 3.3 Feasibility Study
    • 3.3.1 Economic Feasibility
    • 3.3.2 Technical Feasibility
    • 3.3.3 Operational Feasibility
    • 3.4 Analysis of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.3 Justification of the Proposed System
    • 3.5 Functional Requirements
    • 3.5.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
    • 3.6 Data Requirements
    • 3.7 High Level Model of the Proposed System



    • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
    • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
    • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
    • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
    • 4.4 System Specification and Design
    • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
    • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
    • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
    • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
    • 4.6 Program Documentation
    • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
    • 4.7.1 System Testing
    • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
    • 4.8.1 Installation
    • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
    • 4.10 Software Requirement
    • 4.11 Personnel / User Training
    • 4.12 File Maintenance Module



    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Summary
    • 5.3 Conclusion
    • 5.4 Recommendation





    With the proliferation of the internet technology, online examination system has become an effective component to traditional test in many developed countries. It is a web based, efficient, flexible and adaptable means, which can provide a new and open mode of examination meeting the needs of various academic institutions. The aim of this project is to provide facility to conduct online examination on the World Wide Web, concentrating on Online Post UTME for the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology.

    The features include: admin login, student login, examination instruction, valid time of examination, submission of the answer script and release of the examination results. The system allows the admin to create a test from a question bank that comprises different subject areas. Testing of the system is done with four candidate with different department selections which included five questions from four subject areas such as Mathematics, English, Physics and Chemistry.

    The use of modern technology, in particular the Internet programming tools such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript and PHPmySQL, to facilitate CBT making this project timely. This research project was based on a review of related literature, newspaper and journal articles. The findings shows that there is an increase in result delay, error prone, and waste of resources in conducting examination manually.Based on the study, it was found that the importance of CBT approach for Post UTME examination cannot be overemphasized.

    Design and Implementation of Online Post UTME (A Case Study of Fcsit, Bayero University Kano)



    1.1 Background Of The Study

    When the World Wide Web was started in 1990 as a means to speed and simplify the retrieval of informational resources through the scientific research communities, few people envisioned the variety of learning opportunities it would make available to the average person in the span of a few years after its inception. These educational services exist for virtually any subject without the constraints of schedule or location. Students can participate anytime or anywhere they have access to a computer with an Internet connection (Crossman, 1997).

    With the proliferation of the internet technology, online examination system has become an effective component to traditional test in many developed countries. It is a web based, efficient, flexible and adaptable means, which can provide a new and open mode of examination meeting the needs of various Academic and Non-Academic organizations. The examination consists of different types of multiple choice questions. The answers are evaluated and the marks obtained are stored in the database while the examiner can get the results immediately from the system. The main features of an online examination system include instructions for the participants, accessibility of examination content, valid time allocation, submission ways and result release (Wondershare, 2012).

    Faculty members have found interactive communication has transformed many aspects of their traditional classroom format. Many of the visual cues from students, that instructors have depended upon in the face-to-face classroom, are non-existent (Farrell, 2000). This includes those postures and facial expressions that give instructors the non-verbal feedback they utilize in order to be more effective (Hains, et al., 2000). The online students have complete control over their responses to the instructor. During distance learning, this lack of sensory observation makes communication through E-mail and the Web absolutely critical for each student’s success (Schrum, 1998). During assessment, however, this lack of visual observation leaves the impression that test security is non-existent. The instructor has no assurance, even under proctored testing conditions, of the actual identity of the test taker (McCormack & Jones, 1998).

    Online Post UTME is an online web application which will aid and improve the processes involved in carrying out the post UTME examination from start tofinish by providing an online CBT examination platform where candidatescanlog-on (sign-in), write their examination and get result instantly before leaving the venue.

    1.2 Statements Of The Problem

    Online Post UTME has become a necessity in every examinations environment especially for the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Bayero University Kano the current methods of conducting Post UTME examination have the following problems:

    i. Delay:

    It takes the lecturer long period of time to mark and compile examination scripts of their students.

    ii. Error Prone:

    Errors ranging from mismarking of student option choice, to mismatched recording of scores to the appropriate students due to large number of students the lecturer is handling.

    iii. Waste of resource:

    The process of producing customize booklet, picking up the materials and other process involving in examination are time and resource wasting.

    1.3 Aim And Objectives

    The aim of this project is to design and implement an Online Post UTME for the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology. The following are however the objectives:

    1. To design a user friendly interface for Online Post UTME.
    2. To design an interface for lecturer to set and edit questions and also view entire student results.
    3. To create a database for storing student details and scores.
    4. To build a timer that times the examination.

    1.4 Significance Of The Study

    This research work will help in a number of ways to academic institutions with respect to their methodology of conducting examination. The proposed Online Post UTME will enable institution to achieve the followings.

    1. Allow lecturer set questions online.
    2. Store student results.
    3. Set specific time frame for examination.
    4. Reduce the cost of invigilation.
    5. Eliminate errors due to score input.
    6. Allow student take examinations online.
    7. Eliminate conflict of multi-same-schedules of examination.
    8. Shape students perception of fair marking.

    1.5 Scope And Limitation Of The Study

    This research work will focus mainly on providing an interface for students to write their examinations using the computer and also enable lecturers to set and save the test/examinations questions into the database. The application will only provide objective questions.


    2.0 Literature Review

    2.1 Introduction

    This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

    Summary Headlines for Design and Implementation of Online Post UTME

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