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Mycotoxins Available in Foodstuffs Vended

Mycotoxins Available in Foodstuffs Vended

Project / Seminar Material
Reference ID: PS-299-TM


This research work titled "Mycotoxins Available in Foodstuffs Vended" is dedicated to God for his enabling grace and to all computer enthusiasts who help to make life a pleasant experience.



I owe my indebtedness to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Botany, Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing/related research work for your moral support that facilitated the successful completion of my (Tertiary Institution level). I am grateful to God Almighty and my parent for their financial support in my career. I really appreciate you all for everything, Thank you very much.


Mycotoxins Available in Foodstuffs Vended


Preliminary Pages



  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of Problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the study
  • 1.4 Significance of the study
  • 1.5 Scope of the study
  • 1.6 Research questions
  • 1.7 Limitation of the Study


Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.3 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.4 Empirical Review
  • 2.5 Summary of Gaps



  • 3.1 Design of the study
  • 3.2 Area of the study
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Sample and Sampling Technique
  • 3.5 Instrumentation
  • 3.6 Validity of the Instrument
  • 3.7 Administration of the Instrument
  • 3.8 Method of Data Analysis


Results and Discussion

  • 4.1 Data Presentation and Analysis
  • 4.2 Discussion of the Research Findings



  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendations


Appendix I



Mycotoxins are derived from the combination of two greek words “mykes” which means fungus and “toxikon” which means poison (Haper douglas, 2008). Thus, mycotoxins are fungal poisons (Bennett, 1987). Mycotoxins are natural products produced by fungi that evoke a toxic response when introduced in low concentration to higher vertebrates and other animals by a natural route (Benette, 1987). Richard(2007) defined mycotoxin as a toxic secondary metabolite produced by organism of the fungi kingdom commonly known as moulds and this toxins are capable of causing diseases and death to humans and other animals.
The term mycotoxin was coined in 1962, in the aftermath of an unusual veterinary crisis near London, England during which approximately 100,000 turkey poults died (Blout, 1961). When the mysterious turkey X disease was linked to a peanut (groundnut) meal which was contaminated with secondary metabolites Aspergillus flavus (Aflatoxins)(Blout, 1961).
It then sensitized scientists to the possibility that other occult mould metabolites might be deadly. Soon the mycotoxin rubic was extended to include a number of previously known fungal toxins for example:the ergot alkaloids, some compounds that had originally been isolated as antibiotics, for example patulin and a number of new secondary metabolites revealed in screens targeted at mycotoxins discovery for example ochratoxin (Forgacs, 1962).


Mycotoxins Available in Foodstuffs Vended


1.1 Introduction

… As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the statement of problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Research hypothesis and questions, Limitation of the study and Definition of technical terms.


2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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Mycotoxins Available in Foodstuffs Vended

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Proposal Writing Format under Botany

Mycotoxins Available in Foodstuffs Vended is a proposal topic for final year research work, which comprises the major and elective project proposal writing sections for Mycotoxins Available in Foodstuffs Vended research work.

Major Sections
  • Motivation for Embarking on the Project

  • Brief Background of Study

  • Statement of Problems

  • Aim of the Study

  • Specific Objectives of the Study

  • Significance of the Study (Who benefits from the project and how?)

Elective Sections
  • Relevant Research Questions

  • Relevant Research Hypotheses

Defense Procedure for Botany Researchers

Know your Project / Seminar Work (Mycotoxins Available in Foodstuffs Vended): Here are the key point to study if your work is cumbersome or not.

  • Abstract


  • Motivation / Statement of Problems
  • Aims & Objective of Study
  • Scope of Study
  • Significance of Study


  • State two or more citation from your review of related literature.


  • Know the methodologies, tools and techniques used.


  • Justification of your work and things to adhered to before using the system or research work.


  • Conclusion and Recommendation

Dress Code: Your dress code should be cooperate wear for example; putting on suit and tie during project defense gives you an automatic mark without a word.

External Examiner / Supervisor Questioning & Student Answering: Questions will come from the research work, any difficult or unknown question, kindly say "Sorry Sir/Madam, the question is not within my scope of study".

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