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Mycotoxins are derived from the combination of two greek words “mykes” which means fungus and “toxikon” which means poison (Haper douglas, 2008). Thus, mycotoxins are fungal poisons (Bennett, 1987). Mycotoxins are natural products produced by fungi that evoke a toxic response when introduced in low concentration to higher vertebrates and other animals by a natural route (Benette, 1987). Richard(2007) defined mycotoxin as a toxic secondary metabolite produced by organism of the fungi kingdom commonly known as moulds and this toxins are capable of causing diseases and death to humans and other animals. The term mycotoxin was coined in 1962, in the aftermath of an unusual veterinary crisis near London, England during which approximately 100,000 turkey poults died (Blout, 1961). When the mysterious turkey X disease was linked to a peanut (groundnut) meal which was contaminated with secondary metabolites Aspergillus flavus (Aflatoxins)(Blout, 1961). It then sensitized scientists to the possibility that other occult mould metabolites might be deadly. Soon the mycotoxin rubic was extended to include a number of previously known fungal toxins for example:the ergot alkaloids, some compounds that had originally been isolated as antibiotics, for example patulin and a number of new secondary metabolites revealed in screens targeted at mycotoxins discovery for example ochratoxin (Forgacs, 1962).
… As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the statement of problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Research hypothesis and questions, Limitation of the study and Definition of technical terms.
This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …
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Be Conversant with your Research Work You are expected to know your project / seminar research work (Mycotoxins Available in Foodstuffs Vended). The sections listed below are the suggested key points to study if your research work is cumbersome or not.
Motivation / Statement of Problems
Aim (Purpose) of the Study
Specific Objectives of the Study
Scope of Study
Significance of Study
State two or more citation from your review of related literature.
In this chapter, the methodologies, tools and techniques used is expected to be known by the researcher.
In this chapter, you are expected to justify your research work and discuss the relevant findings with reference to your objectives of study.
Conclusion and Recommendation
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External Examiner / Supervisor Questioning & Student Answering: Questions will be sourced from your research work and any difficult or unknown question not related to your research, kindly say "Sorry Sir/Madam, the question asked is not within my scope of study".
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