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Design and Implementation of Computerized Fraud Detection System in Banks A Case Study of Access Bank Plc
S

Software Implementation of Computerized Fraud Detection System in Banks (A Case Study of Access Bank Plc)

C.S. Project Software
Reference ID: SD-903-CS

Software Implementation under Computer Science (CS)

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DEDICATION

This research work titled "Design and Implementation of Computerized Fraud Detection System in Banks" is dedicated to God for his enabling grace and to all computer enthusiasts who help to make life a pleasant experience.



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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I owe my indebtedness to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing/related research work for your moral support that facilitated the successful completion of my (Tertiary Institution level). I am grateful to God Almighty and my parent for their financial support in my career. I really appreciate you all for everything, Thank you very much.



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Design and Implementation of Computerized Fraud Detection System in Banks (A Case Study of Access Bank Plc)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preliminary Pages

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Background of Study
  • 1.3 Statement of Problem
  • 1.4 Aim and Objective of the Study
  • 1.5 Significance of Study
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Conceptual Review
  • 2.3 Types of Fraud
  • 2.4 Causes of Fraud in Financial Sectors
  • 2.5 Fraud Detection Strategies and Preventive Measure in Financial Sectors
  • 2.6 Procedures Involved in Detecting Fraud in Financial Institutions
  • 2.7 Strategies Involved in Eliminating Fraud in Financial Sectors / Banks
  • 2.8 Theoretical Review
  • 2.8.1 Automated Teller Machine Fraud
  • 2.8.2 Patterns Of Robbery at Automated Teller Machines

CHAPTER THREE

SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

  • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
  • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
  • 3.2 System Investigation
  • 3.3 Research Methodology
  • 3.3.1 Primary Sources of Data Collection
  • 3.3.2 Secondary Source of Data Collection
  • 3.4 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.5 System Analysis
  • 3.6 System Design
  • 3.6.1 Input Design
  • 3.6.2 Output Design
  • 3.6.3 Processing
  • 3.7 Problem of the New Existing System

CHAPTER FOUR

SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

  • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
  • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
  • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
  • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
  • 4.4 System Specification and Design
  • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
  • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
  • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
  • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
  • 4.6 Program Documentation
  • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
  • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
  • 4.8.1 Installation
  • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
  • 4.10 Software Requirement
  • 4.11 Personnel / User Training

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation

REFERENCES

APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”




iii

ABSTRACT

Fraud is the deliberate deception practiced with a view to gaining an unlawful or unfair advantage. The aim of the study is to Design and Implement a computerized fraud detection system to prevent fraud. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows to develop an application software that will aid in monitoring and controlling of fraudulent and provide quick enquiry about information in financial sectors. The motivation that led to the implementation of the proposed system is as a result of the losses of bank fraud can affect all consumers, merchants and issuing banks. The methodology adopted in this study is the structured system analysis and design methodology (SSADM) which is a technical approach for analyzing and designing an application or system by applying object throughout the software development process. The programming language used is HTML, CSS, JAVASCRIPT, PHP, SQL and JQUERY. The reason why web programming languages was used is because, it is platform independent and it is a web based application. This research work presents and preview the total survey or techniques used in excessive fraud detection, telecommunication fraud detection, write – ff accounts receivable fraud detection and computer intension detection in order to develop a more efficient and comprehensive fraud detection system. The proposed system would lead to an effective and comprehensive fraud control in banking sectors. The expected result is a computerized Fraud Detection System that will monitor and control ATM card fraudulent activities and report fraudulent transactions to relevant agency.





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Design and Implementation of Computerized Fraud Detection System in Banks (A Case Study of Access Bank Plc)

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 Introduction

Fraud is the deliberate deception practiced with a view to gaining an unlawful or unfair advantage. The effectiveness of any banking system depends on how secured the system is. The crave for information technology globally has greatly had an influence in our banking sectors. Thus a fest and quick development has erupted in many countries of the world in terms of automation advancement and technology. Such advancement includes the design and implementation of an automated fraud detection system which is witnessed in our various banking and financial sectors worldwide. In as much as financial sector is concerned, there should be possible ways made to avoid fraudulent from gaining access to the banking and all other financial sectors. By the introduction of an automated computer base security system, it will aid to eliminate totally the idea and practice of fraud in banking industries.

As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the statement of problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Limitation of the study and Definition of technical terms.

1.2 Background of Study

Access Bank is chosen as the background of study for the project. Over the past 26 years, Access Bank Plc. has evolved from an obscure Nigerian Bank into a world-class African financial institution. Today, Access Bank are one of the five largest banks in Nigeria in terms of assets, loans, deposits and branch network; a feat which has been achieved through a robust long-term approach to client solutions – providing committed and innovative advice. Access Bank has built its strength and success in corporate banking and is now applying that expertise to the personal and business banking platforms it acquired from Nigeria’s International Commercial bank in 2012. The next two years were spent integrating the business, investing in infrastructure and strengthening the product offer. As part of its continued growth strategy, Access Bank is focused on mainstreaming sustainable business practices into its operations. The Bank strives to deliver sustainable economic growth that is profitable, environmentally responsible, and socially relevant (Accessbankplc, 2021).

Access Bank is consistently seeking for ways to expand its service platform across the African continent. The bank currently operates through a network of about 366 branches across major cities and commercial centers in Nigeria, Gambia, Sierra Leone, Zambia, Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo (Accessbankplc, 2021).

The impact of the transformation agenda was reflected in the first year. The bank grew its balance sheet by 100% and posted an impressive N1 billion profit before tax. The profit before tax figure was more than the cumulative profit made by the bank in the previous 12 years. This also marked the beginning of what would be a six year record triple-digit growth trend. Similarly, earnings per share had rebounded to 21 kobo from a negative 2 kobo position, leading to a declaration of a 5 kobo dividend to shareholders for the first time in three years (Accessbankplc, 2021).

Access Bank is consistently seeking for ways to expand its service platform across the African continent. The bank currently operates through a network of about 366 branches across major cities and commercial centers in Nigeria, Gambia, Sierra Leone, Zambia, Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo. The impact of the transformation agenda was reflected in the first year. The bank grew its balance sheet by 100% and posted an impressive N1 billion profit before tax. The profit before tax figure was more than the cumulative profit made by the bank in the previous 12 years. This also marked the beginning of what would be a six year record triple-digit growth trend. Similarly, earnings per share had rebounded to 21 kobo from a negative 2 kobo position, leading to a declaration of a 5 kobo dividend to shareholders for the first time in three years (Accessbankplc, 2021).

Venue and Profitability: According to interim result for 2006 interest income is up close to 150% on the same period in 2005. Profit before tax is up to 91.4% to 1.14 million ($66 million) and the proposed interim divided up to 100% at #) 3.2 billion ($26 million).

Expansion: Access bank has more than 200 branches nationwide, rising to 280 by end of February 2007. The bank has begun it continental expansion in arena, where it recently obtained approval in principle to commence operations. The bank intends to builds its presence in major financial centres including South Africa, U.K, USA, Hong Kong and Dubai.

New Partnership for Growth: The banks recently entered into a technical partnership with BNP Paribas, one of the ten largest banks in the motion to fuel its advance in global banking. Both banks will cooperate extensively in areas of wide finance, asset management and product innovation as well as participate in the management of Nigeria’s foreign reserves, currently put at #32 billion ($258 million).

The concept of automated security system connotes on total and complete etc. since the working aim and tool of any financial organization is capital, the practice and principle cause of collapse or total down fall aforementioned is administrative and transactional frauds.

Meanwhile, there should be thorough verification of all the manual transaction used in banking system which includes; verification of cheque and detailed examination of cheque serial numbers, verification on unauthorized (illegal) access of customer’s accounts, verification of the signature and prevention of over-payment to customer’s during service of system and networking delays or failures.

ORGANIZATIONAL CHART OF ACCESS BANK NIGERIA PLC

1.3 Statement of Problem

There are difficulties experienced in the manual system or fraud detection in financial sectors. These factors therefore necessitate the implementation of a computer – base system in other to overcome the short comings of the manual system of detecting fraud. By automating the system, rate of fraud flow will be eliminated in financial sectors, equally the statement of the problem of the work is also be:

To understand what fraud is all about and solutions to stop it in entirely.

To make an effective security on all the functional inputs of banking regulations practices.

To bring a seasonal programmer and an operator who will be taking charge of the automated software being developed.

1.4 Aim and Objective of the Study

The aim of the study is to Design and Implement a computerized fraud detection system to prevent fraud. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows to develop an application software that will:

Aid in monitoring and controlling of fraudulent.

Provide quick enquiry about information in financial sectors.

Show the effect in the manpower of the security department because on most occasions charging the manual information system to an automated information system will equally cause redundancy.

1.5 Significance of Study

The proposed system would lead to an effective and comprehensive fraud control in banking sectors. For examples, computerized verification of illegal access of customers accounts, computerized verification of signatures. In a matter of seconds the computer system enhanced to do all these tasks, then all criminal and fraud minded people will desist from such acts.

1.6 Scope of the Study

This project work focus mainly on the design and implementation of a computerized fraud detection in financial sector (Banking system) and also provides well developed software to automate the new system.

1.7 Limitation of Study

During the course of this study, many things militated against its completion, some of which are:

Time Constraint: The time frame given to accomplish this project was very short due to school academic calendar and it was carried out under pressure which made the researcher not to implement some necessary features.

Establishment Policies: Establishment policies posed a serious limitation as most staffs are not ready to release information needed for this project work. There were lots of information needed from the staffs of this institution to enhance the study which took them time to release or they did not release at all for security purposes, hence the scope was reduced.

Research material: availability of research material is a major setback to the scope of the study.

Frequent power failure: This made the researcher append more money on fuel to ensure sustainable power.

Financial Constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet).

1.8 Definition of Terms

Fraud: Is defined as deception deliberately practiced with a view of gaining an unlawful or unfair advantage.

Economic Crime: This is the manifestation of criminal act done either solely or in an organized manner with or without associates or group with the propose earning wealth or being rich through all illegal means.

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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Final year research work is all about finding real life problem and proffering solution that will partially or totally eliminate the existing system bottlenecks. The following are the major and elective project proposal writing sections for "Design and implementation of computerized fraud detection system in banks (a case study of access bank plc)" research work;

Major Sections
  • Motivation for Embarking on the Project

  • Brief Background of Study

  • Statement of Problems

  • Aim of the Study

  • Specific Objectives of the Study

  • Significance of the Study (Who benefits from the project and how?)

Elective Sections
  • Methodology and Reason for Using It (such as; models, SSADM, or OOADM)

  • Tools (programming languages and software used)



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Proposal Writing Format for Computer Science Research Work


Design and Implementation of Computerized Fraud Detection System in Banks is a proposal topic for final year research work, which comprises the major and elective project proposal writing sections for Design and Implementation of Computerized Fraud Detection System in Banks (A Case Study of Access Bank Plc) research work.

Major Sections
  • Motivation for Embarking on the Project

  • Brief Background of Study

  • Statement of Problems

  • Aim of the Study

  • Specific Objectives of the Study

  • Significance of the Study (Who benefits from the project and how?)

Elective Sections
  • Methodology and Reason for Using It (such as; models, SSADM, or OOADM)

  • Tools (programming languages and software used)


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CHAPTER ONE

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  • Aims & Objective of Study
  • Scope of Study
  • Significance of Study

CHAPTER TWO

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CHAPTER THREE

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CHAPTER FOUR

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CHAPTER FIVE

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