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Software Implementation of Fingerprint Verification System for Crime
C.S. Project SoftwareReference ID: SD-5254-CS
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This research work titled "Design and Implementation of Fingerprint Verification System for Crime" is dedicated to God for his enabling grace and to all computer enthusiasts who help to make life a pleasant experience.
I owe my indebtedness to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing/related research work for your moral support that facilitated the successful completion of my (Tertiary Institution level). I am grateful to God Almighty and my parent for their financial support in my career. I really appreciate you all for everything, Thank you very much.
SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN
SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”
APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”
Reliable criminal suspects’ recognition is an important problem in crime investigation process. Biometrics recognition is becoming an irreplaceable part of many identification systems. While successful in some niche markets, the biometrics technology has not yet delivered its promise of full proof automatic crime suspects’ recognition, especially in a developing country like Nigeria. The study proposes and implements a biometrics-based crime investigation system using a fingerprint verification process to validate suspects for the Nigerian security agencies (Police Force, Navy, Army, etc).
I shall discuss on the techniques that will be employed by me on accomplishing this research work, its limitation and scope will be highlighted.
Criminality is part and parcel of human nature and society [Alemika, E. 2004]. That is why no society can claim to be completely crime free. But the types of criminal behavior tend to follow the pattern of social and economic development of a given society [Sohnen, E. 2012]. It is therefore not unexpected that a society at a low level of development and as Madden and Chiu (1998) mentioned, uneven distribution of income (and wealth) [Madden, P. and W.H. Chiu. 1998], tends to experience an upsurge in the rate of violent crimes such as armed robbery, politically motivated killings, the use of illegal weapons, ethnic and religious clashes and the like. What is worrisome, however, is that the police which are meant to be the antidote to criminality appear to be getting overwhelmed by the phenomenon [Ash, H.S. 1999]. The criminals appear to be ahead of the police such that the latter now only react to the commission of crimes and usually after the offenders might have left the scene making things appear as if the original emphasis on crime prevention has been completely lost [Awake Magazine. 2002]. Aside other complaints, there are institutional constraints, which contribute to the uncomplimentary image of the police and thereby undermining their capacity to deliver efficient crime control via proper and prompt investigation and policing services. These include inadequate manpower, lack of expertise, lack of adequate equipment, low level of education, low morale, lack of training facilities and lack of technological knowhow, etc.
In developed countries; computers have been used in crime detection for some decades. Computer- Based Criminal Records Systems were the first of such systems deployed as an attempt to record a person’s criminal history. Before the introduction and the application of computers in criminal records, crime investigation, and detection, most criminal records or other criminal related activities was carried out using the manual or traditional approach in the process of data processing, which involves the use of paper files, manual skills and human brain work.
The traditional approach of crime investigation is usually time-consuming, resulting in a lot of delay and often generally inefficient leading to high cost. On the other hand, the use of computers in the management of criminal records and crime investigation tends to be very efficient due to the fact that less time is spent on the investigation of crimes since it is automated; giving accurate and reliable criminal investigation results.
With the introduction of biometrics technology which is an advanced computer techniques now widely adopted as a front line security measure for both identity verification and crime detection, and also offers an effective crime deterrent.
Biometrics embrace a range of techniques such as fingerprinting and handwriting recognition for identity verification using physical data and behavioral patterns [Gautam, P. and S.G. Sharma. 2011]. In the recent past, fingerprint images were obtained by “ink-technique” which is also referred as off- line fingerprint acquisition [Hiew, B.Y.: 2007]. It is essentially based on the development of pattern recognition systems, today electronic or optical sensors such as cameras and scanning devices are used to capture images, recordings or measurements of a person’s unique characteristics. This digital data is then encoded and can be stored and searched on demand, via a computer. Such biometric search is not only very rapid (often taking place in real time), it is also a process that is accepted globally in establishing forensic evidence in a law court [Drygajlo, A. 2010]. It cannot be over emphasized that there is need to provide for adequate, efficient and effective technological knowhow especially in the area of crime investigation which will make their job simpler and faster, as well as prompt and effective in their service delivery. Consequently, this project will seek to design a computerized fingerprint verification system for crime investigation for The Nigeria Police Force in my state Ota, Ogun State, Using Biometrics approach (Fingerprint).
Various problems are encountered in the manual system of operations in any organization, so it is in the crime investigation system in Nigeria Police Force.
Some of the problems encountered are:
I have been able to identify three core problem to the use of the manual system in crime verification, used by most Nigerian security agencies. Therefore, my objective for this research work is based on those identified problem.
Hence my objective is:
I was actually motivated to research on this and develop a system, such as this, a sophisticated one in this nature.
I was motivated by this research when I witness a murder case with my friend at a hideout, the crime take place at a sunset, while the crime was going on the police force showed up, the criminal was on a mask, covering the face, when the police went after him with shooting, he took off, while escaping, had the mask on his face fall off, though he was not seen. They mask was taken, but the case ended just that was since they were unable to trace the suspect, whereas the suspect evidence is with them (the mask) which has the criminal finger print metrics. This was a matter of scanning it to identify the suspect. Then as a computer science system I had the thought of developing a system that will help to accomplish this task within the unit (Police Force and others).
This research work is to develop a secured system, a fingerprint verification system for crime rectification and attesting. A system that will help in anticrime fight, with the aim of bringing justices to the desk.
In the system Architecture I will discuss how the system was archived, its design structure, model, constraint and limitation.
Visual Basic programming language was used for the design of the software. Visual basic consist of several part: API class libraries that contains all built in function that makes the windows platform to function the way it does, An IDE that gives you the ability to tap from the power and functionality of these API libraries. Visual basic language was chosen for this project because it is:
visual basic was built with security in mind
visual basic is very easy to use programming tool.
It is reliable. Visual basic puts a lot of emphases on early checking for possible errors
Visual basic application can be easily moved to different computer system.
Program in visual basic is centred on creating object manipulating object and making object work together.
It has networking capability that is inherently integrated into it.
The system flowchart will gives a summary representation or specification of the overall system while the program flowchart gives detail representation of the overall system.
This figure above loads a case in to the system and file it. It also keeps and make sure that records are not duplicate and are filed in order or sequence.
The above flowchart shoes how the system compares suspect finger print with the object of evidence against the suspect. This chat check for the finger print within the local system.
This system is design so that if the suspect finger print is not ithin the local database of the system it can check online (other biometrics database have citizens metrics print e.g Banks).
Software and Hardware Specification
Windows XP (SP2)
Microsoft Office Access 2003
VB, VB.NET (Microsoft Visual Studio 2013)
Microsoft IIS 5.1
Microsoft Office Word 2003EDGE Diagrammer − Version 5.0
Windows Compatible Ethernet Card
1280 x 800, True Colors Recommended
1MB L2 Cache
Microsoft Mouse or Compatible Device
This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …
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Final year research work is all about finding real life problem and proffering solution that will partially or totally eliminate the existing system bottlenecks. The following are the major and elective project proposal writing sections for "Design and implementation of fingerprint verification system for crime" research work;
Motivation for Embarking on the Project
Brief Background of Study
Statement of Problems
Aim of the Study
Specific Objectives of the Study
Significance of the Study (Who benefits from the project and how?)
Methodology and Reason for Using It (such as; models, SSADM, or OOADM)
Tools (programming languages and software used)