The production control system is an application system that carries out the function of management which plans, directs and controls the material supply and processing activities of an enterprise so that specified products are produced by specified methods to meet an approved sales programme. It ensures that activities are carried out in such a way that the available labour and capital are used in the best possible way (Accountlearning, 2021). The Seven up bottle factory is regarded as a continued self sufficient body and it depend upon integration only when other parts of the organization change. Although this view is fact changing, the dangers f these visions are great, for example government registration may face a marketing change which requires a design modification in turn, can alter processes in such a way that operations may be displayed with consequent redundancy and retaining problems.
As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the statement of problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Limitation of the study and Definition of technical terms.
1.2 Background of Study
Seven up bottle company development in Nigeria is one of the largest independent manufacturer and distribution of the well-known and widely consumed brands of soft drinks in Nigeria. Their brands are pepsi, 7up, Miranda teen and mountain dew, which we produce and market will dur present 9 manufacturing plants. They also market over 200 distribution centers that we also call depots spread over the nooks and crane of Nigeria. Our workforce is currently the in the neigbourhood of 35 employees. The cost associated with a unit of sale increased in Q2 2009 over the corresponding period in Q2 2008. This is reflected in the PB1 margin which decreased to 5. 62% in Q2 2009 6.44% as at Q2 2008, and down from 6.38% as at the end of the financial year in March, 2009. This shows that the company’s total cost as a percentage of to stands at 94.38% up marginally from 93.36% recorded in the corresponding period of 2003. PAT margin currently stands at 4 78%, down from 5.26% in the corresponding period of 2008, but from 4.78%, down 5.26% in the corresponding that the percentage of 90, PBT and PAT in the Q2 2009 result to the fully year audited TO, PBY and PAT for the period ended March to the 2009 show that it performs better both in log line and botton line in HYI. This can be attributed to the Christian and New Year sales and other ceremonies usually associated with year end.
Today one of the most potentially powerful change agents is the computer, which can permit the consideration problems that are more complex than any which can be death with. For decision of the managers to be right, the information normally must be timely accurate etc good information therefore help to reduce uncertainly. A system that generates good information normally is seen, addressed or sensed as a group of components that interact to achieve a purpose such as the production of goods. Production in 1990 as an act of putting together human being, materials, plant and money in order to provide goods and services. The success of production comes about as a result of effective planning execution and control of activities within the frame work of the cooperate objective within the frame work of the cooperative objective (K.O. Hockyer, 1990). This a place where people are employed for the purpose of making, uttering, reparing and or lamenting, finishing clearing, washing, breaking and adopting for sale of any articles.
This problem would have seen and their effect integrated to look, outside the four walls of their machine production unit. Similarly a board decision to change from a selling policy where orders are accepted to marketing policy, where orders are sought will inevitably demand major changes. Again, this can be foreseen it the factory managers look in wards and out wards.
Furthermore, the factory itself provides the environment for it own constituent department and again the interaction of parts within themselves and with host environment. The interdependency between the two products important consequences: changes within the firm affect the environment to survive therefore, organizations must be prepared to respond to change and managers must not think as if any decision to affect a change is only internal and change in the environment, which imposes change in the organization.
1.3 Statement of Problem
The fact that most organization now handles large volume of data/information that needs to be disseminated to different users to evolve effective corporate management and improved customers service. The information needed to carryout operation secured towards customers satisfaction need must be transmitted properly and timely too.
More also, non-availability of efficient funds as well as management for maximization of profits with fewer cost demands that some limited facilities like printers, hard drive fax, moderns is shared among users.
1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study
The aim of the study is to Design and Implement of Production Control System. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows to design and implement a Production Control System that will:
- Provide a system that will reduce the over head in maintaining independent date fills with its associated redundancy and integrity problems.
- Monitors and control the activity of various parties to provide timely information that bears on meeting schedule.
- Provide the necessary report that help in determine when to make purchase it generate the bills of various models or vehicles produced in seven up.
1.5 Significance of Study
This system will handles the material (stock) control but does not go into the purchasing and costing. It provides the necessary report that help in determine when to make purchase it generate the bills of various models or vehicles produced in seven up.
This study will be of immense benefit to other researchers who intend to know more on this study and can also be used by non-researchers to build more on their research work. This study contributes to knowledge and could serve as a guide for other study.
1.6 Scope of Study
The study focuses on the Design and Implementation of Production Control System. The system is a tool for controlling production function that go on daily in the 7up Company. For this reason aspect of production control such as scheduling and manufacturing authorization is not covered, including some aspect of dispatch processes.
1.7 Limitations of the Study
During the course of this study, many things militated against its completion, some of which are:
- Time Constraint: The time frame given to accomplish this project was very short due to school academic calendar and it was carried out under pressure which made the researcher not to implement some necessary features.
- Establishment Policies: Establishment policies posed a serious limitation as most staffs are not ready to release information needed for this project work. There were lots of information needed from the staffs of this institution to enhance the study which took them time to release or they did not release at all for security purposes, hence the scope was reduced.
- Research material: availability of research material is a major setback to the scope of the study.
- Frequent power failure: This made the researcher append more money on fuel to ensure sustainable power.
- Financial Constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet).
1.8 Definition of Terms
For a clear understanding of the terminology used the following terms are hereby operationally defined
Computer: It can b e defined as a device that accepts data in one form (input) and processes it to produce data in another form (output) as information
Program: This is a set of instruction written on a language of computer. A program is used to make the computer perform a specific task as calculating interest paid to saving account holder
System: This is a set of related, interacting and inter-connecting dependent element forming a collective entity. It is also a collection of inter-related products to achieve a specific goal
Software: These are sets of instructions that are to be carried out by computer in order to accomplish a given task
Hardware: These are those parts of the computer that we can touch and see (physical parts) e.g keyboard, monitor, mouse etc.