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Design and Construction of Four Bedroom Senior Staff Quarters with Facilities

Design and Construction of Four Bedroom Senior Staff Quarters with Facilities

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Reference ID: PS-307-TM


This research work titled "Design and Construction of Four Bedroom Senior Staff Quarters with Facilities" is dedicated to God for his enabling grace and to all computer enthusiasts who help to make life a pleasant experience.



I owe my indebtedness to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Building Technology (BT), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing/related research work for your moral support that facilitated the successful completion of my (Tertiary Institution level). I am grateful to God Almighty and my parent for their financial support in my career. I really appreciate you all for everything, Thank you very much.


Design and Construction of Four Bedroom Senior Staff Quarters with Facilities





  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Feasibility Study of Site
  • 1.3 Factors for the Choice of Site
  • 1.3.1 Geographical Factor
  • 1.3.2 Climatic Factor
  • 1.3.3 Economical Factor
  • 1.3.4 Political Factor
  • 1.3.5 Socio-Cultural Factor
  • 1.4.6 Accessibility factor



  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Transportation of Materials
  • 2.3 Storage of Materials
  • 2.4 Foundation Fittings



  • 3.1 Methodology
  • 3.2 Preliminary Involved on Site/ Construction Processes of a Four – Bedroom of Senior Staff Quarters
  • 3.2.1 Investigation and Exploration
  • 3.2.2 Foundation Type
  • 3.2.3 Access Road
  • 3.2.4 Fencing and Hoarding
  • 3.2.5 Plant and Equipment in Construction
  • 3.2.6 Labour
  • 3.2.7 Water Supply
  • 3.2.8 Materials
  • 3.2.9 Electrical Supply
  • 3.2.10 Transportation
  • 3.2.11 Food and Cateries Facilities
  • 3.2.12 Storage of Materials
  • 3.2.13 Construction Process of the Main Building
  • 3.2.14 Sub-Structure
  • 3.2.15 Site Clearance and Leveling of Site
  • 3.2.16 Excavation of Over-site
  • 3.2.17 Setting out of the Building
  • 3.2.18 Excavation of Foundation Trenches and Surface Treatment
  • 3.2.19 Excavation of Foundation Trenches and Base
  • 3.2.20 Earthwork Support and Treatment
  • 3.2.21 Batching
  • 3.3.22 Foundation Concrete
  • 3.2.23 Mixing
  • 3.2.24 Transportation
  • 3.2.25 Placing
  • 3.2.26 Wetting
  • 3.2.27 Curing
  • 3.2.28 Block Work Up To D.P.C
  • 3.2.29 Back Filling of Selected Excavated Material
  • 3.2.30 Laterite Filling
  • 3.2.31 Hardcore Filling
  • 3.2.32 Formwork to Oversite Concrete
  • Super Structure
  • Erection of Super Structural Walls and Partition
  • Formwork
  • Concrete Lintel
  • Scaffolding
  • Block Work on Lintels
  • Roofing
  • Ceiling
  • Fixing of Door and Window Frame
  • Electrical Installation
  • Plumbing And Fitting Work
  • Plastering and Rendering
  • Procedures for Plastering
  • Dressing
  • Glazing
  • Plumbing Services
  • Internal Plumbing
  • External Plumbing
  • Types of Sewage Plants
  • Functions of Sewage Plan or System
  • Principles in Planning Drainage System
  • Floor Finishing and Filling
  • Wall Tilling
  • Painting and Decoration
  • Priming Coat
  • Under Coat
  • Finishing Coat
  • Testing
  • Cleaning Up Site
  • Handing Over
  • 3.3 Specification of Materials and Workmanship
  • 3.3.1 Gravel (Coarse Aggregate)
  • 3.3.2 Water
  • 3.3.3 Consistency of Concrete
  • 3.3.4 Concrete Mixing
  • 3.3.5 Transporting Concrete
  • 3.3.6 Concrete Placing
  • 3.3.7 Concrete Protection
  • 3.3.8 Hard Core and Filing
  • 3.3.9 Formwork
  • 3.3.10 Reinforcement
  • 3.3.11 Brick Work/ Block Work
  • Mix Proportion
  • Curing
  • Strength
  • Workmanship
  • 3.3.12 Cement Storage
  • 3.3.13 Roofing (Corrugated Roofing Sheet)
  • 3.3.14 Hollow Clay Blocks
  • 3.3.15 Sandcrete
  • 3.3.16 Excavation and Earthwork
  • 3.3.17 Inspection and Excavation
  • 3.3.18 Cement
  • 3.3.19 Delivery on Site
  • 3.3.20 Backfiling
  • 3.3.21 Carpentry
  • 3.3.22 Joinery
  • 3.3.23 Timber Construction
  • 3.3.24 Plywood
  • 3.2.25 Preservative Treatment
  • 3.3.26 Framing
  • 3.3.27 Fixing
  • 3.3.28 Door Frames
  • 3.3.29 Fabrication
  • 3.3.30 Iron Mongery
  • 3.3.31 Tile, Slab or Block Finishing
  • 3.3.32 Tile Paving
  • 3.3.33 Wall Tilling
  • 3.3.34 Terrazzo Paving
  • 3.3.35 Granolithic Paving
  • 3.3.36 Carborandum Finish
  • 3.3.37 Skirtings
  • 3.4 Work Programme
  • 3.4.1 Calculation Input of Work Programme



  • 4.1 Bill of quantities



  • 5.1 Conclusion
  • 5.2 Recommendation




This project research is examine the effective direction of a proposed four bedroom senior quarters with facilities, the building identifies the various processes and stages that are involved and the stage of planning and execution which involves viability and feasibility study, including soil and site analysis, step plan and architectural working drawing, writing of construction programmed, and taking off, the use of the above documents in respect with its processes of actualization analysis inclusive the processes of planning and controlling with the construction site.


Design and Construction of Four Bedroom Senior Staff Quarters with Facilities


1.1 Introduction

The design and construction of a 4-bed room senior staff quarter with facilities, this could be referred to as a building of any senior staff could stay. According to the description oxford dictionary it stated that a 4-bed room is where senior staff stays for their safety and be comfortable for the work. A 4-bedroomm must possess facilities and services which will make the staff safe and comfortable at any given time. Such facilities and service include plumbing services, electricity, carriage, dining, bedrooms, kitchen, lobby, store, good pipe born water, water close, bathroom, varrandar and electrical; appliances such as fan, portable size refrigerator, television and so on.

These facilities and services must always be in good working order so as to prevent an uncomfortable environment to the user. The objectives and uses of staff room with facilities include the following:

  1. To provides security, comfort and good working environment to staffs and visitors
  2. To provides health and social facilities to the staff.
  3. To provides opportunity for communal working team spirit and good interpersonal relationship.

1.2 Feasibility Study of Site

Before one begins to design and construct a building, one should carefully consider the implications of its proposed context, the building site. In federal polytechnic Nekede Owerri located at umuerim Nekede. It was found out that it has a good environment and site conditions which will be suitable for construction, habitation and for learning purposes. The site is located in a well site and healthy environment. The soil test carried out on the site using trial holes was found to be sandy-loamy soil which geological faults, poor clay soil undulating ground was not in existence. It was also found that there is no existence of overhead and underground service such as electricity, water service pipe and so on. Around and within the site so, in the construction of 4-bed room senior staff with facilities require, must be provided, in order to make the building conducive for the staffs.

Also good site and investigation of soil conditions and environment will enhance continuation of construction without any obstruction or malpractices on site. It will also increase consistency of work and eliminate unnecessary in the lost of production of the building, hence enabling the contractor to be aware of the exact operation to be carried out during construction

1.3 Factors for the Choice of Site

The choice of building site could be influence by a number of factors namely:

  1. Geographical factors.
  2. Climatic factors
  3. Economical factors
  4. Political factors
  5. Social-cultural factors
  6. Accessibility factors
  7. Environmental factors

1.3.1 Geographical Factor

This includes soil type, topography and vegetation. The bearing capacity of the soil ascertain from the soil type. The type of foundation to be adopted for any given structure is determined by the soil bearing capacity. The soil type will also indicate the case of drainage both for surface and ground water. The choice of machinery to be deployed to the site for clearing, excavations, will also be influenced by the soil type. Certain soils are so weak that building on them, without ad equates preparation creates adverse consequences. Topography which refers to land forms and ground slope will indicate the foundation type. The building form and the site drainage, site climate / wind, temperature, solar radiation) will affect the construction. The vegetation of an area will dictate the type of plant to be hired in the site.

1.3.2 Climatic Factor

This includes sun, wind precipitation and temperature. This climatic factor influence positioning of the building, it can influenced the construction activities. The investigation we carry out proved that the sun usually rises from the east and the temperature, wind and pressure on the site is moderate. Therefore, positioning the building, the front elevation should not be at the east.

1.3.3 Economical Factor

The cost of acquiring land in the urban areas is more expensive compared to the rural area. The economic turnover in both area vary. Building in the urban areas attracts more rentage than in the rural areas thus; the initial cost of land acquisition influences the choice of building site the cost of acquiring land can affect the client choice of building site

1.3.4 Political Factor

The land use degree 1975 vest constitutional ownership of all land in the state on the state government. The government has the right to allocate or revoke allocation of land for development of people, organization, government agencies etc. Layout has also been created in the urban areas for given or stipulated development, residential, commercial, Industrial etc. This land can e used to compensate political friends and victims of political enemies, it mean that people may be deprived of their intended site due to political inclination.

1.3.5 Socio-Cultural Factor

The land tenure system and the traditional made of inherent influence some choice of building site during our investigation, we find out that the customs and believe of Federal Polytechnic Nekede staff is quite encouraging and their law is not against the project.

1.3.6 Accessibility factor

These include the noise level; of an area and surrounding environment. Through the investigation, the environment of Federal Polytechnic Nekede is very quite Okay. All the factors that influence the choice of building site were taken care of.


2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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