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Design and Implementation of a Mobile and Web Application for the Automation of Library Task

Design and Implementation of a Mobile and Web Application for the Automation of Library Task

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Reference ID: PS-5054-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Implementation of a Mobile and Web Application for the Automation of Library Task” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of a Mobile and Web Application for the Automation of Library Task” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION


    CHAPTER TWO

    LITERATURE REVIEW

    • 2.1 Introduction

    CHAPTER THREE

    SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

    • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
    • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
    • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
    • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
    • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
    • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
    • 3.3 Feasibility Study
    • 3.3.1 Economic Feasibility
    • 3.3.2 Technical Feasibility
    • 3.3.3 Operational Feasibility
    • 3.4 Analysis of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.3 Justification of the Proposed System
    • 3.5 Functional Requirements
    • 3.5.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
    • 3.6 Data Requirements
    • 3.7 High Level Model of the Proposed System

    CHAPTER FOUR

    SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

    • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
    • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
    • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
    • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
    • 4.4 System Specification and Design
    • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
    • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
    • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
    • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
    • 4.6 Program Documentation
    • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
    • 4.7.1 System Testing
    • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
    • 4.8.1 Installation
    • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
    • 4.10 Software Requirement
    • 4.11 Personnel / User Training
    • 4.12 File Maintenance Module

    CHAPTER FIVE

    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Summary
    • 5.3 Conclusion
    • 5.4 Recommendation

    REFERENCES

    APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

    APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”

    ABSTRACT

    A library can be defined as a room or building where books are kept and referenced. It is an area of multifarious activity on book management. Libraries play a vital role in the educational, industrial and technological progress of a country, of which it role is to achieve a free flow of information from the point of generation to the point of utilization efficiently and effectively. The aim of the study is to design and implement A Mobile and Web Application for the Automation of Library Task. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows to develop an application software that will quickly reserve and search for books needed by the student and keep track of student reading culture. The motivation that led to the implementation of the proposed system is that the paper where they record the student data or book data can get lost or damaged at any point in time and the user of the traditional library needs to be at the library area physically which most times leads to congestion. The methodology adopted in this study is the structured system analysis and design methodology (SSADM) which is a technical approach for analyzing and designing an application or system by applying object throughout the software development process. The programming language used is HTML, CSS, JAVASCRIPT, PHP, SQL and JQUERY. The reason why web programming languages was used is because, it is platform independent and it is a web based application. The study will enable users use the library services from their smart phones. It provides a platform for students to train themselves before e-examination, reduce the rapid wear and tear of library resource, and provide a means of reading books online. The expected result is A Mobile and Web Application for the Automation of Library Task that will provide a printing service where student can upload document for printing remotely and lessen the time and effort of the student in their transaction.


    Design and Implementation of a Mobile and Web Application for the Automation of Library Task

    CHAPTER ONE

    1.1 Introduction

    A library can be defined as a room or building where books are kept and referenced. It is an area of multifarious activity on book management. A library as a repository of knowledge, houses collections of books, both reference and general, technical reports, periodicals, journals, conference proceedings and the likes; the truth and knowledge can be found and acquired from the library through the aforementioned sources. The information contents of any of the collections can be recorded on microfilms, audiotapes, microchips and other materials traditionally kept in the library, which is charged with the responsibility of acquiring, organizing, maintaining, and judicial circulation of the books and other library materials through the various sections of the library, for efficient use of the library by the users.

    The acquisition, cataloguing, bindery and circulation sections of the library undertake the acquiring, organizing, maintaining and circulation of the books/library materials respectively. When the library through the acquisition section of the library acquires a book, its record is taken and accession number is given to the book after which the book will be sent to cataloguing section of the library. The circulation section is responsible for circulation or distribution of books.

    As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the statement of problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Limitations of the Study and Definition of technical terms.


    1.2 Background of Study

    In our society today, the rate at which technology is growing is exponential and information is an important sign to a modernized library. The library is fast growing in use and the previous method of maintaining it is no longer dynamic and efficient. Application of modern techniques i.e. use of technology, has become absolutely indispensable for expeditious retrieval and dissemination of information and better service for the library users (students). A properly computerized library will help its users with quick and prompt services. Library automation refers to mechanization of library housekeeping operations predominantly by computerization. The most commonly known housekeeping operations are acquisition control (ordering, receiving, and invoicing materials), serial control (tracking magazine and newspaper holdings), cataloguing (classifying and indexing materials), and classification and circulation control (lending materials and receiving them back).

    In the present time of information technology, it has been progressively felt that data is required and students must turn into the real center of consideration, to serve understudy better. Achievement of data administration will be more inclined to be accomplished by altering the administrations to meet the particular needs of an individual as opposed to attempting to adjust singular client to match with the yield of the data framework.

    Libraries assume an indispensable part in the educational, industrial and innovative advancement of a nation. Advancement of the country relies on development information picked up by educationists, technologists, designers and researchers of the nation. Thus the part of libraries in Universities and instructive foundations is to attain a free stream of data from the purpose of era to the point of usage of data effectively and successfully. The present instructive arrangement stresses on study toward oneself, analyses, field study and research as opposed to classroom study. In this way, library needs to assume basic part in the advanced education to meet client prerequisites. Ideal utilization of library assets is conceivable through networks only.

    The library is the heart of each educational establishment which inhales learning and data into the psyches of the understudies. The School of Information and Communication Technology (SICT) has a decently outfitted Library with a showy gathering of books, diaries, student project reports and different assets to serve the students.

    The term library automation was fully used in the time past for housekeeping operations of the library. Today it has expanded its scope and also includes all those technologies which libraries and information centres use for collection, processing, storage, retrieval, dissemination, and transmission of all types of information at local, regional, national, and international level.

    The Library automation web and android application will be built for the School of Information and Communication Technology in the Federal University of Technology, Minna Niger State.


    1.3 Statement of Problem

    Investigation revealed that the School of Information and Communication Technology (SICT), Federal University of Technology (FUT), Minna is currently running a manual library system. This e-library automation system is built to replace it. The manual library has several problems some of which are; damaged books, redundancies in cataloguing, misplacing of library books.

    Below are some problem faced by students and staffs:

    1. The paper where they record the student data or book data can get lost or damaged at any point in time.
    2. The problem of recording group of students, which leads to queue, delay in time (please come back tomorrow for registration).
    3. Little or no book security, which leads to borrowing and not returning of books
    4. The user of the traditional library needs to be at the library area physically which most times leads to congestion.
    5. Inability for the library resources to be accessed 24/7.

    In a traditional library system, the library resources cannot be simultaneously used since a book has to be returned by the previous user who borrowed it before it can be issued to another user. Traditional libraries are limited by storage space.


    1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study

    The aim of the study is to design and implement a Mobile and Web Application for the Automation of Library Task to improve the quality, speed, cost and effectiveness of delivering these services for the School of Information and Communications Technology (SICT) library center. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows to develop an application software that will:

    1. Lessen the time and effort of the student in their transaction;
    2. Provide a printing service where student can upload document for printing remotely;
    3. Provide rich educational articles and journals for the students consumption;
    4. Quickly reserve and search for books needed by the student;
    5. Keep track of student reading culture; and
    6. Enable student read resource, books, articles available in the library at their comfort with their smart phone, anytime anywhere.

    1.5 Significance of Study

    In this study, an automated library (e-library) is developed for the School of Information and Communications Technology library of Federal University of Technology Minna (SICT FUT Minna) to aid efficient delivery of library services. Without this system, the library will not be referenced as an advanced library, especially for the fact that it is situated in a university of technology.

    Also, it enables users use the library services from their smart phones. It provides a platform for students to train themselves before e-examination, reduce the rapid wear and tear of library resource, and provide a means of reading books online.

    Finally, it makes employees to be disciplined and in keeping track of payments and salary disseminated by the school to the library workers.


    1.6 Scope of Study

    The scope of the research is focused on the Design and Implementation of a Mobile and Web Application for the Automation of Library Task. The scope of this study includes the following:

    • Searching and retrieval of library resource materials
    • Attractive output and input by providing a public interface for users.
    • Book reservation and borrowing
    • Remote document printing service
    • Online book reading and downloading
    • Article viewing and commenting
    • Design and implementation of a hybrid mobile application.

    1.7 Limitations of the Study

    This study will not look in detail into other sections of the library except the only three sections aforementioned. The intuitive works like reading of a book before classification and technical work like ownership stamping conveyance of books etc, this section is not part of this study. During the course of this study, many things militated against its completion, some of which are:

    1. Client interface is just in English i.e. no other dialect alternative is accessible.
    2. No guest is allowed without being registered in the system
    3. The working scheme is deployed locally on a machine in the Library premises
    4. The entire system is limited to just the School of Information and Communication Technology.

    1.8 Definition of Terms

    Library: A library is a composed gathering of sources of data and comparative assets, made available to a characterized group for reference or obtaining/borrowing.

    Automation: The procedure, method, or system of operating or directing a process by highly automatic means, as by electronic devices, reducing human intervention to a minimum.

    E-examination: It is the use of computers to perform examination in place of the paper based examination.

    Information: It is a collection of facts or processed data that is useful.

    Hybrid Mobile Application: Is one that is composed with the same innovation utilized for sites and portable web executions, and that is facilitated or runs inside a local compartment on a cell phone. It is the marriage of web innovation and local execution.

    CHAPTER TWO

    2.0 Literature Review

    2.1 Introduction

    This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

    Summary Headlines for Design and Implementation of a Mobile and Web Application for the Automation of Library Task



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