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Design and Implementation of an ICT Assisted Database for Senior Citizens

Design and Implementation of an ICT Assisted Database for Senior Citizens

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Reference ID: PS-5269-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Implementation of an ICT Assisted Database for Senior Citizens” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of an ICT Assisted Database for Senior Citizens” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.


Design and Implementation of an ICT Assisted Database for Senior Citizens

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Background of Study
  • 1.3 Statement of Problem
  • 1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study
  • 1.5 Significance of Study
  • 1.6 Scope of Study
  • 1.7 Limitations of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms
  • 1.9 Organization of Research Work

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.2.1 Issues in the use of ICT in Higher Education
  • 2.2.2 Paucity of ICT Infrastructure and Lack of Access
  • 2.3 Role of ICT in Administrative Office
  • 2.4 Effects of Information Technology
  • 2.5 Concept of Information and its Uses
  • 2.6 Features and Benefits of Internet
  • 2.7 Information Technology Implication
  • 2.8 Concept of Senior Citizen Registration
  • 2.8.1 Online Senior Citizen Registration
  • 2.8.2 Usage of Online Registration Forms
  • 2.9 Web Portal
  • 2.9.1 Types of Web Portals
  • 2.10 Database for Web Portals
  • 2.10.1 Merits of Integrating Databases in Web Applications
  • 2.11 Challenges of Information Technology
  • 2.12 Empirical Studies

CHAPTER THREE

SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

  • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
  • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
  • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
  • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
  • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
  • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
  • 3.3 Analysis of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.3 Justification of the Proposed System
  • 3.4 Functional Requirements
  • 3.4.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
  • 3.5 Data Requirements
  • 3.6 High Level Model of the Proposed System

CHAPTER FOUR

SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

  • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
  • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
  • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
  • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
  • 4.4 System Specification and Design
  • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
  • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
  • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
  • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
  • 4.6 Program Documentation
  • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
  • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
  • 4.8.1 Installation
  • 4.8.2 Security Design Specification
  • 4.8.3 System Architecture
  • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
  • 4.10 Software Requirement
  • 4.11 Personnel / User Training

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation

REFERENCES

APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”

ABSTRACT

Information technology is the development of computer based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. It deals with the use of electronic computer software to convert, store, protect process, transmits and securely retrieved information. The aim of this project is to develop a database for indigenes of rivers state that are above 60 years of age which will in turn help the government to conduct a free, adequate and sumptuous medical care for them. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows to design and develop an application software that will replace the current inefficient manual system which includes forecasting and approximation, ensure credibility in free medical service for the old age through adequate database management system in the state, and help the rivers state government provide a free medical services for the people within the age of 60 and above through an error free database. The motivation that led to the implementation of the proposed system is that calculating a budget to meet the citizens need is highly cumbersome, approximation and forecasting to meet the need of citizens has done a lot of harm and usually causes inadequacies in the distribution of basic services such as medical care and many more in Rivers state, Nigeria. The methodology adopted in this study is the structured system analysis and design methodology (SSADM) which is a technical approach for analyzing and designing an application or system by applying object throughout the software development process. The programming language used is HTML, CSS, JAVASCRIPT, PHP, SQL and JQUERY. The reason why web programming languages was used is because, it is platform independent and it is a web based application. This research work will serve as an aid for people who wish to research more on this topic. The expected result is an electronic ICT Assisted Database for that will provide a facility for handling text electronically using powerful and sophisticated word processors to produce elegant and error free documents and will also store data as captured in the system.


Design and Implementation of an ICT Assisted Database for Senior Citizens

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 Introduction

Information technology as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA) is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware”. It deals with the use of electronic computer software to convert, store, protect process, transmits and securely retrieved information. ICT is a convergence of technologies that include the computer and microprocessor technology, communication satellite technologies and networking technology (Ngurukwem, 2005).

As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the statement of problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Limitations of the Study and Definition of technical terms.


1.2 Background of Study

Database management systems (DBMS) are specially designed software applications that interact with the user, other applications, and the database itself to capture and analyze data. A general-purpose DBMS is a software system designed to allow the definition, creation, querying, update, and administration of databases. Well-known Database management include MySQL, MariaDB, PostgreSQL, SQLite, Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, SAP HANA, dBASE, FoxPro, IBM DB2, LibreOffice Base and FileMaker Pro. A database is not generally portable across different Database management, but different Database management can interoperate by using standards such as SQL and ODBC or JDBC to allow a single application to work with more than one database. A database is an organized collection of data. The data are typically organized to model relevant aspects of reality in a way that supports processes requiring this information.

There is a need to improve the mode of doing things in the government of a nation through the organization of a standard error free and fully monitored database so that the keeping of data in every sector and arms of the government will be easier. The mode of keeping files and folders in shelves is now getting uglier and outdated and should be replaced by the modern system which will involve only few computers and its operators and can handle almost everything in the state, with less effort and complete accuracy. The issue of medical care is planned centrally by every government, and is aimed at every rightful citizen; most especially the old aged people who need constant care and medical treatment.


1.3 Statement of Problem

Calculating a budget to meet the citizens need is highly cumbersome, approximation and forecasting to meet the need of citizens has done a lot of harm and usually causes inadequacies in the distribution of basic services such as medical care and many more in Rivers state, Nigeria. The major problem of this study is the inadequate supply of free medical care to the old age people who are above 60 years in rivers state, this people are those who really need to be cared for unlike the youths who are still agile and still strong to take care of themselves.


1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study

The aim of this project is to develop a database for indigenes of rivers state that are above 60 years of age which will in turn help the government to conduct a free, adequate and sumptuous medical care for them. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows to design and develop an application software that will:

  1. Replace the current inefficient manual system which includes forecasting and approximation.
  2. Ensure credibility in free medical service for the old age through adequate database management system in the state.
  3. Help the rivers state government provide a free medical services for the people within the age of 60 and above through an error free database.

1.5 Significance of Study

This research work will be of great benefits to ICT end users and researchers. ICT end-users those who make use of the equipments or applications to help them in their work. They make use of ICT in their day-to-day activities in their homes and offices for the efficiency of the service. To the Secretaries, the study will enlighten them on the problems that are associated with ICT, review to them the effects of those problems on their works as they carry out their duties and how to avoid them.

This study will be of immense benefit to other researchers who intend to know more on this study and can also be used by non-researchers to build more on their research work. This study contributes to knowledge and could serve as a guide for other study.


1.6 Scope of Study

The study focuses on the Design and Implementation of an ICT Assisted Database for Senior Citizens in Rivers State Nigeria.


1.7 Limitations of the Study

During the course of this study, many things militated against its completion, some of which are:

  1. Time Constraint: The time frame given to accomplish this project was very short due to school academic calendar and it was carried out under pressure which made the researcher not to implement some necessary features.
  2. Research material: availability of research material is a major setback to the scope of the study.
  3. Frequent power failure: This made the researcher append more money on fuel to ensure sustainable power.
  4. Financial Constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet).

1.8 Definition of Terms

Information System: It is a collection of procedures, people, instructions and equipment to produce information in a useful form

Technology: It is study of techniques or process of mobilizing resources (such as information) for accomplishing objectives that benefit man and his environment

Computer Network: Is a system that connects two or more computers together using a communication link.

Databases: A systematically arranged collection of computer data, structured so that it can be automatically retrieved or manipulated. It is also called databank.


1.9 Project Report Organization

This project was covered under five stages:

Chapter 1; Deals with the introduction. The background of the project is discussed. The objectives of the project, its significance, scope, and constraints are pointed out.

Chapter 2; This chapter is a Review of database management system and also free medical service in some countries.

Chapter 3; Discusses system Investigation and Analysis. It deals with detailed investigation and analysis of the existing system and problem identification.

Chapter 4; Treats the system design and implementation

Chapter 5; The summary and conclusion of the project are finally treated in this chapter.

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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