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Design and Implementation of an Online Shopping Cart System for an Online Store

Design and Implementation of an Online Shopping Cart System for an Online Store

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Reference ID: PS-5195-TM


This research material titled “Design and Implementation of an Online Shopping Cart System for an Online Store” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.


I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of an Online Shopping Cart System for an Online Store” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.

Design and Implementation of an Online Shopping Cart System for an Online Store





  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Background of Study
  • 1.3 Problem Definition
  • 1.4 Aim and Objectives of Study
  • 1.6 Scope and Limitation of Study
  • 1.7 Definition Of Term



  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Definition of Shop
  • 2.3 Concept of Shopping
  • 2.3.1 Types of Shopping
  • 2.3.2 Shopping Participants / Clients
  • 2.3.3 Location of Shopping Site
  • 2.3.4 Process of Shopping
  • 2.3.5 Time of Online Shopping
  • 2.4 Concept of Campus Shopping
  • 2.4.1 Advantages Of Campus Shopping
  • 2.4.2 Disadvantages of Campus Shopping
  • 2.5 History of E-commerce
  • 2.5.1 International E-Commerce statistics
  • 2.5.2 Customers
  • 2.5.3 Logistics
  • 2.5.4 Payment
  • 2.5.5 Product Delivery
  • 2.5.6 Shopping Cart Systems
  • 2.5.7 Online Gift Shops
  • 2.5.8 Design
  • 2.5.9 Information Load
  • 2.6 Consumer Needs and Expectations
  • 2.6.1 User Interface
  • 2.6.2 Market Share
  • 2.7 Advantages and Disadvantages of E-commerce
  • 2.7.1 Advantages of E-commerce
  • 2.7.2 Disadvantages of E-Commerce
  • 2.8 Product Suitability
  • 2.8.1 Aggregation
  • 2.9 Impact of Reviews on Consumer Behaviour



  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 System Analysis
  • 3.2.1 Detailed Definition Of The Problems
  • 3.2.2 Feasibility Study
  • 3.3 Method Of Data Collection
  • 3.4 Problems Of The Existing System
  • 3.5 Data Preparation
  • 3.6 User Preparation
  • 3.7 System Control
  • 3.8 System Requirements
  • 3.8.1 Software Requirements
  • 3.8.2 Hardware Requirements
  • 3.8.3 People
  • 3.9 File Maintenance Module
  • 3.10 Main Menu Specification
  • 3.10.1 Output Specification
  • 3.10.2 Input Specification
  • 3.10.3 Database Specification
  • 3.11 Objectives Of The New Design
  • 3.12 Overview Of The Proposed System Flowchart
  • 3.13 Flowchart Of The Program Modules
  • 3.13.1 Book Shop Flowchart
  • 3.13.2 Accessories Flowchart
  • 3.13.3 Restaurant Flowchart
  • 3.13.4 Contact Us Flowchart
  • 3.13.5 About Us Flowchart
  • 3.14 Functional Decomposition Diagram
  • 3.14.1 Data Flow Diagram (DFD)



  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Justification Of Programming Languages
  • 4.3 Implementation Details
  • 4.3.2 System Testing
  • 4.3.3 Training and Re-Training Of Staff
  • 4.3.4 File Conversion
  • 4.3.5 Changeover Procedure
  • 4.3.6 Commissioning
  • 4.3.7 User Manuals
  • 4.3.8 Maintenance Details



  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendations





A shop is a place where various types of goods are packed and sold. Shopping is the process of purchasing items in exchange for money. The business-to-consumer aspect of an online shopping is the most visible business use of the World Wide Web. The primary goal of an online shopping site is to sell goods and services online. This project deals with developing an e-commerce website for online shopping. It provides the user with a catalogue of different goods and services available for purchase in the store. In order to facilitate online purchase a shopping cart is provided to the user. The reason for writing this project work on this topic is to create software that will automate shopping for the school campus using the intranet. The research methodologies to be used include SSADM which fully means structured system analysis design methodology and prototyping. The programming languages to be used include Adobe Dreamweaver cs5, PHP which fully means hypertext preprocessor and MYSQL which fully means structured query language. This software will help to make shopping stress-free and fun in the sense that you will place an order and it will be delivered at your desired location without stress. This software automates the existing system and provides more security. It will reduce pressure mounted on sellers from the buyers, and ensure transaction convenience. The contribution of this project work to the growth of ICT which fully means information and communication technology in Nigeria is to promote the use of online shopping cart system for different store or campus as an educational tool.

Design and Implementation of an Online Shopping Cart System for an Online Store


1.1 Introduction

A shop is a place where various types of goods are packed and sold. Shopping is the process of purchasing items in exchange for money. Shopping intranet simply means using a private computer network, which uses the internet protocol in managing a shopping centre in a campus environment. It will be used by the students, staffs and management of the school including the school book shop. The place where it will be used is within the campus environment, through the software to be developed called a campus shopping intranet where you can select and purchase what you want at any time of the day.

Chapter one introduces the research work and the problem definition of the research, and to know the aim of this research work, research justification tells us why it is important to research on this topic; it also covers areas like scope and limitation of study which entails the boundary of this work. Definition of terms gives summarize what each chapter entails.

1.2 Background of Study

An E-commerce is the trading in products or services using computer networks, such as the Internet (Wikipedia, 2015). Electronic commerce draws on technologies such as mobile commerce, electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, Internet marketing, online transaction processing, electronic data interchange (EDI), inventory management systems, and automated data collection systems. Modern electronic commerce typically uses the World Wide Web for at least one part of the transaction's life cycle, although it may also use other technologies such as e-mail. Every business that want to shoot online, irrespective of it's types need an e-commerce software product that fits your online store's unique needs and requirements. For the past years e-commerce has been the trend for most business spanning across different cities and countries. Where product and service can be deliver through their web service and delivery is done using different transport medium like ship,car or through post office.

This work is an attempt at delivering an online shopping cart system capable of delivering goods and services on demand, using a small Mobile outlet as a case study.

1.3 Problem Definition

This research work was undertaken to solve the various challenges encounter in showcasing and delivering goods and services to different client around the globe where every business transaction involves an on presence for transaction to be successfully executed.

1.4 Aim and Objectives of Study

In view of the problems mentioned above, this project is aimed at implementing an online shopping cart system for a mobile shop will exclusively:

  1. Display goods and services in the store
  2. Automate every sales effectively without mixing product prizes
  3. Store product detail using a secure database.

1.5 Research Methodology

This research work “Design and implementation of computerized shopping cart system for a GSM/Mobile shop”. The system will be a web-based application and will be implemented on a relational database system (MySQL). Html (hypertext markup language), CSS (cascading style sheet) and Java Script will be used to design the web-user interface, php (hypertext pre-processor) will be used as the serve- side script language to link the interface and the database and Ajax technology for automation of the cart system.

1.6 Scope and Limitations of the Study

This research work is to develop a system capable of handling sales by automating in itself a cart system that stores all sales details prior to when the user request close the sales service.

The system will also incorporate in its design a billing system that will display the total sales and product at the close of each transaction.

The system will not incorporate in its development all the functions of a functional business activities system but will focus only on the aforementioned functionalities. The system will not be responsible for any loss of data if its environment (network/system installed on) is corrupt.

1.7 Definition Of Term

Application Service Provider (ASP): Is defined as an enterprise that delivers application functionality and associated services across a network to multiple customers using a rental or usage-based transaction-pricing model.

E-commerce: Electronic commerce, commonly written as e-commerce, is the trading in products or services using computer networks, such as the Internet.

Electronic data interchange (EDI): Electronic data interchange (EDI) is an electronic communication method that provides standards for exchanging data via any electronic means.

Merchant: A person or company involved in wholesale trade, especially one dealing with foreign countries or supplying goods to a particular trade.

URL: Is an acronym for Uniform Resource Locator and is a reference (an address) to a resource on the Internet

Shopper: A person who is shopping.

Web hosting service (WHS): Is a type of Internet hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to make their website accessible via the World Wide Web.

Web server: Are computers that deliver (serves up) Web pages

Expert system: This is a computer system that emulates the decision-making ability of a human expert.

Research methodology: The process used to collect information and data for the purpose of making decision.

Coding: This means writing a list of instructions that will enable the computer to perform any specified operation.

MySQL: This is relational database server that is ideal for both small and large applications.

ICT: Information and communication technology refers to technologies that provide access to information through telecommunication.

Programming: Is the process of taking an algorithm and encoding it into a notation, a programming language, so that it can be executed by computer.

Methodology: A collection of methods, practices, procedures and rules used by those who work in some field.


2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …



5.1 Summary

5.2 Conclusion

The Internet has become a major resource in modern business, thus electronic shopping has gained significance not only from the entrepreneur’s but also from the customer’s point of view. For the entrepreneur, electronic shopping generates new business opportunities and for the customer, it makes comparative shopping possible.

In essence, the research work was successfully researched to meet the objectives set at the beginning of the project work. While one cannot completely rule out one form of limitation or the other, it was a success to a greater extent. On the whole, the research has been a worthwhile exercise. It has afforded the researcher the opportunity to really appraise the situation on the ground and allow one to bring out areas that might need attention for the improvement of the research work.

5.3 Recommendations

From this study, a shopping centre website providing online market and web site package under the same domain is successfully implemented.

Using the principle of content management, online market provides all functions which customers need for conducting online shopping. Furthermore, the website package service well known among online store owners is convenient and flexible for any potential users. For website development open source software is mostly used due to its low cost of development. Provided services are likewise relatively low in price and suitable for online market. This website also promotes e-commerce and online marketing on the Internet, complying with the information technology policy of the government. Regarding website quality, implementing various techniques of web design and database management system coupled with other additional services, the website is quite responsive.

Moreover, to obtain the highest system performance, it utilizes full options of both hardware and operating system software. With all mentioned techniques, the website operates with low resource consumption at its massive size. This website will expand e-commerce business to cover most of available Internet devices and technology, such as mobile phone, mobile payment, and wireless application protocol and pocket personal computer.

Only few across the counter information were provided for in the research work, it is strongly recommended for subsequent researcher to expand the scope of the research work.

Summary Headlines for Design and Implementation of an Online Shopping Cart System for an Online Store

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