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Design and Implementation of Automated Student School Fees Payment System

Design and Implementation of Automated Student School Fees Payment System

Project / Seminar Material
Reference ID: PS-5353-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Implementation of Automated Student School Fees Payment System” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of Automated Student School Fees Payment System” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.


Design and Implementation of Automated Student School Fees Payment System

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Background of Study
  • 1.3 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study
  • 1.5 Scope of Study
  • 1.6 Limitations of the study
  • 1.7 Significance of Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Concept of Registration
  • 2.2.1 Online Registration
  • 2.2.2 Why Use Online Registration Forms
  • 2.3 Web Portal
  • 2.3.1 Types of Web Portals
  • 2.4 Database for Web Portals
  • 2.4.1 Merits Of Integrating Databases in Web Applications
  • 2.5 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.5.1 Internet payments
  • 2.5.2 Requirements of Payment Systems
  • 2.5.3 Classification of Payment Systems
  • 2.5.4 Information Systems
  • 2.6 Electronic Payment Systems
  • 2.6.1 Card Payment Processing
  • 2.6.2 Credit Cards
  • 2.6.3 Debit Cards
  • 2.7 Fees Payment Systems in Nigeria
  • 2.8 Existing Electronic Payment Systems

CHAPTER THREE

SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

  • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
  • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
  • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
  • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
  • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
  • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
  • 3.3 Analysis of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.3 Justification of the Proposed System
  • 3.4 Functional Requirements
  • 3.4.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
  • 3.5 Data Requirements
  • 3.6 High Level Model of the Proposed System

CHAPTER FOUR

SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

  • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
  • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
  • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
  • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
  • 4.4 System Specification and Design
  • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
  • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
  • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
  • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
  • 4.6 Program Documentation
  • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
  • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
  • 4.8.1 Installation
  • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
  • 4.10 Software Requirement
  • 4.11 Personnel / User Training

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation

REFERENCES

APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”

ABSTRACT

The study focuses on developing an Automated Student School Fees Payment System for Anglican Girls Grammar school, which was hatched due to the lack of a suitable IT based solution to fees processes in the school. The aim of this study is to develop an Automated Student School Fees Payment System for Anglican Girls Grammar School that will aid in managing all school fees payments. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out to develop a web based school fees payment system available for students and sponsors wherever their location, design a system that will generate invoices at the beginning of each term and facilitates fees payment keeping a record of all the transactions done by the student and the amount a student owes the school, and develop an application software that will capture and store the students’ profile into a database. The methodology adopted in this study is the object oriented analysis and design methodology (OOADM) which is a technical approach for analyzing and designing an application or system by applying object throughout the software development process. The programming language used is HTML, CSS, JAVASCRIPT, PHP, SQL and JQUERY. The reason why web programming languages was used is because, it is platform independent and it is a web based application. This project will be beneficial to nearly every business, the simple act of collecting payments from consumers is actually quite complex and yet organizations want to make it easy and convenient for customers to pay. The expected result is an electronic Student School Fees Payment System that will process students' fees based on academic class, and the system will generates an accurate bill for payment purpose.


Design and Implementation of Automated Student School Fees Payment System

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 Introduction

Fees payments by students in Anglican Girls Grammar School are made through cash deposits, Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) and Bank drafts to the school's accounts in specific bank branches (Makerere University, 2004). Organizations want to make it easy and convenient for customers to pay, so they offer multiple choices of payment types and channels”. Therefore, the project provides an alternative method that enables secure online fees payment by students and their sponsors.

As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the statement of problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Limitations of the Study and Definition of technical terms.


1.2 Background of Study

Fees payments by students in Anglican Girls Grammar School (AGGS) are made through cash deposits, Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) and Bank drafts to the school’s accounts in specific bank branches (AGGS, 2020). Plymouth and Martin (2009) stress that, “For nearly every business, the simple act of collecting payments from consumers is actually quite complex. Organizations want to make it easy and convenient for customers to pay, so they offer multiple choices of payment types and channels”. Therefore, the project provides an alternative method that enables secure online fees payment by students and their sponsors. AGGS has a large number of students who are supposed to pay all the school fees through cash deposits or bank drafts to the school’s accounts in specific bank branches. This method of paying fees has not been efficient enough especially during periods of tests and examinations when most of the students are paying fees to meet the requirements for entering examination rooms. The process of fees payment in such periods is characterized by long queues, too much waiting by students and congestion at banks where payments are made. Students queue to pay fees and those who do not reach counters within the banks‟ working hours are advised to return the next day.

This process has always resulted in students missing to sit for their tests and/or examinations while they are queuing to make payments. It has also resulted to too much costs and a lot of time used in transferring and withdrawing money whenever sponsors of students make money transfers to students who can pay school fees at specific bank branches. The process requires sponsors of students from wherever they are to send money to students through either banks, mobile money or any other possible way(s) so that students pay school fees or use EFT that require swift codes to pay fees to the school. This consumes time and sponsors incur extra costs in this process of sending money to students. It was upon this background that the researchers suggested an alternative method which enables secure online fees payment by students and their sponsors.


1.3 Statement of the Problem

The available modes of fees payment to Anglican Girls Grammar School are through cash deposits, Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) and bank drafts have caused long queues, students missing to sit for their tests and examinations, and loss of money intended for fees while waiting to reach bank counters to make payments among others.

AGGS and other schools across the country has been looking for complete solution for school fees management but most of the systems available on the market either doesn’t addresses full payment feature or has plenty unnecessary features. Some complete system on the market may not be suitable for the local education system since they may be developed for school in other countries. These systems have their own databases there by duplicating data among these system since you can have a student details table in each of the separate systems.

This project curbs the above problems by developing of an integrated school fees payment system whereby a single large database will be created and all other application like the students profiling, fees payment, payment verification and receipt printing will be built upon a single database. The web-based technology enables students and their sponsors to securely pay university fees online from wherever they are using credit and debit cards and from whichever location.


1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study

The main aim of this project is to develop an automated student school fees payment system for Anglican Girls Grammar School that will aid in managing all school fees payments. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows:

  1. To develop a web based school fees payment system available for students and sponsors wherever their location.
  2. To design a system that will generate invoices at the beginning of each term and facilitates fees payment keeping a record of all the transactions done by the student and the amount a student owes the school
  3. To develop an application software that will capture and store the students’ profile into a database

1.5 Scope of Study

The study was carried out in Anglican Girls Grammar School and was intended to offer an extra channel for fees payment, through the development of a secure online fees payment system. The study focused on the development of a web based system that allows secure online fees payment. The system will be used by students and their sponsors to pay all kinds of university fees online, and by university accounts offices to verify students’ payments. The system captures financial information after payments are made.


1.6 Limitations of the Study

During the course of this study, many things militated against its completion, some of which are:

  1. Time Constraint: The time frame given to accomplish this project was very short due to school academic calendar and it was carried out under pressure which made the researcher not to implement some necessary features.
  2. Establishment Policies: Establishment policies posed a serious limitation as most staffs are not ready to release information needed for this project work. There were lots of information needed from the staffs of this institution to enhance the study which took them time to release or they did not release at all for security purposes, hence the scope was reduced.
  3. Research material: availability of research material is a major setback to the scope of the study.
  4. Frequent power failure: This made the researcher append more money on fuel to ensure sustainable power.
  5. Financial Constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet).

1.7 Significance of Study

Literature asserts that, for nearly every business, the simple act of collecting payments from consumers is actually quite complex and yet organizations want to make it easy and convenient for customers to pay.

This study will be of immense benefit to other researchers who intend to know more on this study and can also be used by non-researchers to build more on their research work. This study contributes to knowledge and could serve as a guide for other study.


1.8 Definition of Terms

  1. Credentials: A qualification, achievement, quality, or aspect of a person's background, especially when used to indicate their suitability for something.
  2. Electronic: (of a device) having or operating with components such as microchips and transistors that control and direct electric currents.
  3. Information: What is conveyed or represented by a particular arrangement or sequence of things.
  4. Login: The act of logging in to a database, mobile device, or computer, especially a multiuser computer or a remote or networked computer system.
  5. Online: It is any activity that is performed while connected to a computer or under computer control.
  6. Portal: A website or web page providing access or links to other sites.
  7. Registrant: A person who registers something.
  8. Registration: The action or process of registering or of being registered.
  9. Screening: The evaluation or investigation of something as part of a methodical survey, to assess suitability for a particular role or purpose.
  10. Simultaneous: Occurring, operating, or done at the same time.
  11. Tension: Mental or emotional strain.
  12. Queue: A line or sequence of people or vehicles awaiting their turn to be attended to or to proceed.

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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