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Automated Information Management System for Processing Seismic Data

Automated Information Management System for Processing Seismic Data

Project / Seminar Material
Reference ID: PS-508-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Automated Information Management System for Processing Seismic Data” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Management Information System, Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Automated Information Management System for Processing Seismic Data” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.


Automated Information Management System for Processing Seismic Data

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

  • Introduction
  • 1.1 Problem of the study
  • 1.2 Purpose of the study
  • 1.3 Scope of Study
  • 1.4 Limitation of Study

CHAPTER TWO

  • Literature Review

CHAPTER THREE

  • Description and analysis of the existing system
  • 3.1 Fact finding method (oral)
  • 3.2 Organization structure
  • 3.3 Objectives of the existing system
  • 3.4 Problems of the existing system
  • 3.5 Justification
  • 3.6 Input, process, output analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Design of the new system
  • 4.1 Output specification and design
  • 4.2 Input specification and design
  • 4.3 File design
  • 4.4 Procedure chart
  • 4.5 System flowchart
  • 4.6 System requirement

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Implementation
  • 5.1 Program design
  • 5.2 Program flowchart
  • 5.3 Test run

CHAPTER SIX

  • Documentation

CHAPTER SEVEN

  • Recommendation and conclusion
  • 7.1 Conclusion
  • 7.2 Definition of terms

REFERENCES

ABSTRACT

Oil industry is a prominent aspect of modern economy and as it were exploration activities are very important for continuity of oil production.

The exploration activities involve the acquisition of data and processing. As exploration activities increases in the modern world, the computer manufacturers are also working hard to produce super computer and their processing that are involved.

Many firms are emerging fast and of course modern firms make use of computers, especially the mainframe computer which has a large memory space. As the activities is in the increase, there is need to increase storage facilities because there comes a time when the main memory of computer will be unable to hold all information required. This is where the secondary storage device called the magnetic tape comes to play.

A general description of the system goals, facilities and applications are involved.

Organisation of the Work

The main aim of this project is to show a practical approach to the exploration activities that involves the acquisition of data and processing by companies where the processing and storage of information (Seismic data) is done by computer.

In the first chapter of this project, traces of the origin of seismic data processing have been made. The problems statement, the limitations, aims; objectives and purpose of the study have been dealt with.

Chapter two treats the review of the related literature work.

Chapter three treats the description and analysis of the existing system. The oral interview for the research tools used. The organization structure of the company in question (IDSL) was looked into. Also the objectives and problems of the existing system and the justification for the new system were taken into consideration.

Chapter four treats the design of the study that is the new system, as well as the input, output specification and design, following the analysis of the data collected during the research study. Also the new system requirement accompanied with the system flow chat was considered as well as the procedure chat and file design for the new system.

Chapter five is all about the implementation of the new system design and testing of the program with which the system is to be operated on.

Chapter six is the documentation which was sufficiently completed to enable the user to understand the essential characteristics of the system.

Chapter seven is the conclusion drawn from the entire study and the recommendation made for further research.

Finally, the appendices and references also the definition of terms.


Automated Information Management System for Processing Seismic Data

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction

The exploration activities involve the acquisition of data and processing. As exploration activities increases in the modern world, the computer manufactures are also working hard to produce super computers and their processing algorithm: thus with high computing power to cope with the larger data processing that are involved.

Owing to the inevitable roles that are played by the oil industries in the modern world, the federal govt. recently issue out a white paper enforcing all oil companies to do more exploration to increase oil reservoir. This means that there will be more data acquisition and processing jobs in the near future.

The importance of oil exploration in modern countries can never be our emphasized. in the United States of America and Britain, Intensive exploration activities are on for the last two decades all in a attempt to have enough oil reserves.

And so seismic data processing is very indispensable in the oil industry because it is the first step taken in the discovering of hydrocarbon or better more seismic data processing is a key sequence in search for hydrocarbon.

In the processing of seismic data, care should be taken because if not properly processed, it might lead to wrong interpretation and this might lead to false prospect. In fact wrong processing will reduce the success ration in the discovery of hydrocarbon and this causes the cost of drilling to increase. In essence, wrong processing will lead to drilling false prospect and we know that it costs millions if not billions of Naira to drill a well.

The role of the govt. in oil industry had gradually progressed from a regulatory one to direct involvement in all exploitation and exploration initially government only made rudimentary laws and collected royalties from the oil companies. By 1971 The situation changed as oil become more important to the Nigeria Economy. Oil accounts for about 90% of the total foreign exchange earning for the country.

In essence, Nigeria that wants increase in her revenue, must engage in acquisition, processing and management of seismic data. Seismic data management system is therefore a software development for the purpose. That is why the case study was the integrated data services limited (IDSL) Benin city a subsidiary of the Nigeria National Petroleum Cooperation (NNPC).

1.1 Problems of the Study

In the search for hydrocarbon, the initial question had always been where exactly under the surface of the earth are the anticlines or the structures within which the hydrocarbon can be accumulated.

This question is answered in part by seismic data acquisition and in the main by seismic data processing. Acquisition means the acquiring of the raw data while processing transforms and refines these data to level where the above question is answered.

The problem is how can this information collected from the field be presented and protected from destruction. That is why the tape librarians were introduced to help in managing these tapes, but as time goes on the number of tapes acquired becomes so large in number that the librarians cannot manage then effectively. This has created many problems for the management.

The solution to the problem will lie in removing any factors that inhibit the ability of the librarian to make the storage and the retrieval of tapes easy in the organization.


1.2 Purpose of the Study

This research will be very useful to both students, individuals, co-operate bodies and general public as a whole who are either engaged or way wish to engage in seismic date acquisition and processing in the future.

The purposes are as follows:

  1. Ensuring the acquisition of good quality seismic data in an effective manner.
  2. Ensuring that all field tapes collected from the field are sent to the processing center and the seismic data in the tapes are presented in a form that is convenient for geological interpretation.
  3. To ensure that processing sequence are followed and a good result suitable for acceptance.
  4. Ensuring that the processed seismic sections which is the final output of a processed field tape is used to identify specific areas for future field appraisal development.

1.3 Scope of the Study

In this research work the study was limited to the use of Electronic Data processing (EDP) on the information management control in seismic Data processing.


1.4 Limitation of Study

Due to the work load, enough research could not be made to other known seismic data acquisition and processing organizations. But hope that the little information obtained is applicable to all other seismic data organizations.

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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