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Design and Implementation of Online Cinema Booking System

Design and Implementation of Online Cinema Booking System

Project / Seminar Material
Reference ID: PS-5116-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Implementation of Online Cinema Booking System” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of Online Cinema Booking System” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.


Design and Implementation of Online Cinema Booking System

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Background of Study
  • 1.3 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study
  • 1.5 Research Questions
  • 1.6 Significance of Study
  • 1.7 Scope of Study
  • 1.8 Limitations of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Conceptual Review of Cinema Booking System
  • 2.3 Theoretical Framework of Online Cinema Booking System
  • 2.3.1 Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)
  • 2.3.2 Human-Computer Interaction (HCI)
  • 2.3.3 Information Systems Theory
  • 2.3.4 Consumer Behavior Theory
  • 2.3.5 Service Quality Theory
  • 2.3.6 Technology Innovation Theory
  • 2.4 Relevance of Online Cinema Booking System Implementation
  • 2.5 Drawbacks of Traditional Cinema Booking System
  • 2.6 Problems of the Existing Cinema Booking System
  • 2.7 Prospects and Future Directions for Cinema Booking System
  • 2.8 Empirical Review of Related Literature

CHAPTER THREE

SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

  • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
  • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
  • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
  • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
  • 3.2.2 Disadvantages of the Existing System
  • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
  • 3.3 Feasibility Study
  • 3.3.1 Economic Feasibility
  • 3.3.2 Technical Feasibility
  • 3.3.3 Operational Feasibility
  • 3.4 Analysis of the Proposed System
  • 3.4.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
  • 3.4.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
  • 3.4.3 Justification of the Proposed System
  • 3.5 Functional Requirements
  • 3.5.1 Use Case Diagram of the Admin / User Privileges
  • 3.6 Data Requirements
  • 3.7 High Level Model of the Proposed System

CHAPTER FOUR

SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

  • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
  • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
  • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
  • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
  • 4.4 System Specification and Design
  • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
  • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
  • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
  • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
  • 4.6 Program Documentation
  • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
  • 4.7.1 System Testing
  • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
  • 4.8.1 Installation
  • 4.8.2 Security Design Specification
  • 4.8.3 System Architecture
  • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
  • 4.10 Software Requirement
  • 4.11 Personnel / User Training
  • 4.12 File Maintenance Module

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation

REFERENCES

APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”

ABSTRACT

An online cinema booking system refers to a digital platform that enables users to browse movie listings, check show-times, select seats, and purchase tickets via the internet or mobile applications. The aim of the study is to design and implement an Online Cinema Booking System. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows to develop an application software that will increase the profit and obtain statistical information from the booking record, and minimize the number of staff at the ticket box. The motivation that led to the implementation of the proposed system is that many online booking platforms suffer from complex user interfaces that can confuse or frustrate users, especially older demographics or those unfamiliar with digital technologies. Also, there are issues during the booking process can lead to negative user experiences and potentially lost revenue for cinemas. The methodology adopted in this study is the object oriented analysis and design methodology (OOADM) which is a technical approach for analyzing and designing an application or system by applying object throughout the software development process. The programming language used is HTML, CSS, JAVASCRIPT, PHP, SQL and JQUERY. The reason why web programming languages was used is because, it is platform independent and it is a web based application. The significance of the proposed system designed system is faster, more convenient and you do not have to go to station twice. Furthermore, online ticket reservation is always a safe option, unless the website is insecure. The expected result is an Online Cinema Booking System that will establish an efficient way to promote the film on the internet, and provide an anytime, anywhere service for the customers to book their movie ticket.


Design and Implementation of Online Cinema Booking System

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 Introduction

An online cinema booking system refers to a digital platform that enables users to browse movie listings, check show-times, select seats, and purchase tickets via the internet or mobile applications. These systems streamline the process of reserving seats for movie screenings, offering convenience and flexibility to users. in the digital age, the way individuals interact with entertainment has undergone a significant transformation. One of the most notable shifts is in how people book and experience movies. The advent of online cinema booking systems has revolutionized the way moviegoers reserve tickets, choose seats, and even pre-order snacks, all from the comfort of their homes or on the go via mobile devices. As internet penetration rates increased and consumer confidence in online transactions grew, online cinema booking systems proliferated globally. Cinema chains and independent theaters alike embraced these systems, integrating features such as interactive seating maps, mobile ticketing options, and secure payment gateways to enhance user experience and operational efficiency.

As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the Statement of the Problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Limitation of the study and Definition of technical terms.


1.2 Background of Study

The evolution of technology has profoundly impacted the entertainment industry, particularly in how consumers engage with cinema experiences. Traditionally, moviegoers relied on physical box offices or third-party vendors to purchase tickets, often facing challenges such as long queues and limited seat availability. However, the advent of online cinema booking systems has revolutionized this process, offering unprecedented convenience and efficiency. According to a report by PwC (2022), the global entertainment and media industry is projected to grow significantly, driven by digital advancements and shifting consumer behaviors. Within this landscape, online cinema booking systems have emerged as integral tools for cinemas and consumers alike, facilitating seamless ticket reservations and enhancing the overall movie going experience (PwC, 2022).

Online cinema booking system is basically made for providing the movie ticket anywhere and anytime and gets information about the movies online. The user can easily be able to know about the movies released and then make a choice. It is a web-based system. The customers can buy ticket online and cancel the seat at a suitable time (2 days before the show to 1hour before the show). To enhance the refund function, all the customers have to register to become a number before buying the ticket. Staff can use the system to insert and delete data (example film description, time table) which will update the webpage. Also staff can check the statistic information from the system.

The system is to provide an alternate and convenient way for a customer to buy movie tickets. It is an automatic system. After the data has been fed into the database, the staff does not need to do anything with the order once it is received through the system. The name “movie” originates from the fact that photographic film (also called film stock) has historically been the medium for recording and displaying motion pictures. Many other terms exist for an individual motion picture, including picture, picture show, moving picture, photoplay and flick.

One of the pioneering companies in this space was Fandango, founded in 2000, which quickly became a prominent online ticketing service for movie theaters in the United States. Fandango's platform enabled users to browse movie schedules, select seats, and complete transactions online, marking a significant departure from traditional ticketing methods. As internet penetration rates increased and consumer confidence in online transactions grew, online cinema booking systems proliferated globally. Cinema chains and independent theaters alike embraced these systems, integrating features such as interactive seating maps, mobile ticketing options, and secure payment gateways to enhance user experience and operational efficiency.

Today, it is believed that the application of computer technology in any activity would go a long way in making that activity much easier. To the researcher, this statement remains a theory until proven otherwise by the implementation of online movie ticket reservation system. It also believed that the benefit and advantages of using computer out weight that of the manual methods beyond doubt by the researcher through the implementation of the new system.


1.3 Statement of the Problem

Investigation revealed that many online booking platforms suffer from complex user interfaces that can confuse or frustrate users, especially older demographics or those unfamiliar with digital technologies (Wu et al., 2020). Also, there are issues such as system crashes, slow loading times, or errors during the booking process can lead to negative user experiences and potentially lost revenue for cinemas (Bilgin, 2018). The major problem that give rise to this research project faced by Tropicana, Uyo.

  1. Late seats reservation by customers.
  2. Fluctuation of network service.
  3. Inability to book seat by computer illiterate customers.
  4. Corrupt and tactical customers who have ways of sneaking into the cinema hall with fake seats number printout.

1.4 Aim and Objectives of the Study

The aim of the study is to design and implement an Online Cinema Booking System. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows to develop an application software that will:

  1. Increase the profit and obtain statistical information from the booking record;
  2. Create a reliable database of movies in the case study with their description;
  3. Establish an efficient way to promote the film on the internet;
  4. Minimize the number of staff at the ticket box; and
  5. Provide an anytime, anywhere service for the customers to book their movie ticket.

1.5 Research Questions

The study came up with research questions so as to be able to ascertain the above stated objectives. The specific research questions for the study are stated below as follows:

  • How can cinema online booking system establish an efficient way to promote the film on the internet?
  • Can cinema online booking increase the profit and obtain statistical information from the booking record?

1.6 Significance of Study

This research project will be unnecessary if it does not have significance to humanity. The newly designed system is faster, more convenient and you do not have to go to station twice. Online ticket reservation is always a safe option, unless the website is insecure. Booking online ticket is safe if the company you plan to use, uses a Secure Server Software (SSS).

This basically hides year private information from there. It saves a lot of money in printing cost because the company do not need to printout ticket to give to customers which get binned after the film anyway. It also saves a lot of time for the customers because, they do not need to arrived early to queue for ticket in case they are all sold out.

Finally, the implementation of the proposed system will be helpful to other scholars who want to undertake a research on the same subject matter or take the scope of this research to another state. It will provide additional materials for researchers to make use of for reference purposes.


1.7 Scope of Study

The scope of the research is focused on the Design and Implementation of Online Cinema Booking System using Tropicana as the case study.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

During the course of this study, there were some problems encountered which stood as limitations to the research work. Some of the limitations include:

  1. Time Constraint: The time frame given to accomplish this project was very short due to school academic calendar and it was carried out under pressure which made the researcher not to implement some necessary features.
  2. Establishment Policies: Establishment policies posed a serious limitation as most staffs are not ready to release information needed for this research work. There were lots of information needed from the staffs of this institution to enhance the study which took them time to release or they did not release at all for security purposes, hence the scope was reduced.
  3. Financial Constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet).

1.9 Definition of Terms

In order to do away with ambiguity, some terms and keywords in the context of this research are here by defined.

Implementation:

Is the building of system and installation to ensure that it solve a particular task.

System:

It is a combination of related parts into a complex whole.

Database:

It is a collection of interrelated data stored together with controlled redundantly to serve one or more application in an optional fashion.

Reservation:

It is the act of reserving something e.g hotel accommodation, a seat on an aero plane, in a theatre.

Ticket:

It is a piece of paper, cardboard, etc, showing that the holder is entitled to certain rights, such as travel on a train or bus, entry to a place of public.

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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