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Design and Implementation of Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System A Case Study of Nnamdi Azikiwe University

Design and Implementation of Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System

Project / Seminar Material
Reference ID: PS-5193-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Implementation of Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.


Design and Implementation of Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System (A Case Study of Nnamdi Azikiwe University)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Background of Study
  • 1.3 Statement of Problems
  • 1.4 Aims and Objectives of Study
  • 1.5 Significance of Study
  • 1.6 Scope of Study
  • 1.7 Limitations of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms
  • 1.9 Organization of Research Work

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Conceptual Review of Student Rating of Teachers’ Performance
  • 2.3 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.4 Historical Background
  • 2.5 The Instrument Development Process
  • 2.6 Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System Web Portal
  • 2.6.1 Types of Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System Web Portals
  • 2.7 The Concept of Information and Communication Technology
  • 2.8 Database for Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System Web Portals
  • 2.8.1 Merits of Integrating Databases in Web Applications

CHAPTER THREE

SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

  • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
  • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
  • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
  • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
  • 3.2.2 Disadvantages of the Existing System
  • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
  • 3.3 Analysis of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.3 Justification of the Proposed System
  • 3.4 Functional Requirements
  • 3.4.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
  • 3.5 Data Requirements
  • 3.6 High Level Model of the Proposed System

CHAPTER FOUR

SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

  • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
  • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
  • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
  • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
  • 4.4 System Specification and Design
  • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
  • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
  • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
  • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
  • 4.6 Program Documentation
  • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
  • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
  • 4.8.1 Installation
  • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
  • 4.10 Software Requirement
  • 4.11 Personnel / User Training

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation

REFERENCES

APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”

ABSTRACT

Teacher rating is one of the topics which require pertinent attention by our education regulatory system. As teachers are only being rated and promoter base on their education qualification and time put into the service. The aim of the study is to design and implement an Online Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System using Nnamdi Azikiwe University as a case study. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows to develop an application software that will integrate an online assessment form /window for rating different teachers, decreased processing time and form errors, and display teachers records only to the student registered in the teachers’ class.

The motivation the led to the implementation of the proposed system is that, in the existing system, alot of time is exhausted and wasted in the process of computing while ensuring accuracy, inadequate provision of more ways for lectures to put ways for lectures to put their lecture materials online and there is an ineffective method for evaluating teachers. Also, teachers put up a perfect front with good qualification but are most times unable to motivate or impact knowledge to this student.

The methodology adopted in this study is the structured system analysis and design methodology (SSADM) which is a technical approach for analyzing and designing an application or system by applying object throughout the software development process. The programming language used is HTML, CSS, JAVASCRIPT, PHP, SQL and JQUERY. The reason why web programming languages was used is because, it is platform independent and it is a web based application. The importance of this study is to be able to evaluate student’s performance so as to save the student, school or Faculty officer from the stress of computing student performance manually which waste a lot of time during the process of computing student result to determine their performance at the end of each semester or session. The expected result is an Online Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System that will provides authentic, qualitative and comprehensive data on the teachers rating gotten form his / her assessments from student and fully automated student and teacher database system.


Design and Implementation of Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System (A Case Study of Nnamdi Azikiwe University)

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 Introduction

Teacher rating is one of the topics which require pertinent attention by our education regulatory system. As teachers are only being rated and promoter base on their education qualification and time put into the service. Students also have clear pictures of these teachers as they have the first hand interaction with teachers. Student achievement is profoundly influenced by the evaluation practice used by teachers in the classroom. Research in education has consistently shown achievement monitoring and feedback to be extremely important factors in the teaching learning process. Online Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System is a web based application that provide platform for the colleague to conduct student’s evaluation online. Student will fill online feedback using a standard form. In this project security is also maintain that is the result of evaluation is only visible to authentic user. Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System is an integral feature of effective & efficient learning & teaching. It can be one of the powerful ways to enhance & strengthen student learning.

As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the statement of problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Limitations of the Study and Definition of technical terms.


1.2 Background of Study

Evaluation is the systematic determination of merit, worth and significance of something or someone. Evaluation often is used to characterize and examine subjects of interest in a wide range of human enterprise including the Arts, business, Computer Science, criminal justice, foundation and non-profit organizations, government and other human services. Performance Evaluation is a necessity for organizations, institutions and even individuals due to the fact that it helps them to know how they are faring and to know if there is any need for improvement. This research work is going focus on performance evaluation of students. In schools students are evaluated and their result is compared based on the Grading system adopted by a particular school. Some schools adopt the 4-point Grading system while others operate on the 5-point Grading system for evaluating student performance and computing their Grade Point Average (GPA). However, most schools use the conventional (manual) system for computing the GPA of students. There have been numerous problems associated with the conventional system of computation.

Evaluation of student achievement is a crucial and pervasive issue of concern in every classroom. Traditional evaluation activities were used to certify or promote students. Currently, evaluation is recognized, as a comprehensive process not just something that occurs only at the end of some learning episode, it is an integral part of the teaching learning process.Evaluation activities provide information for the identification of student’s performances, a basis for the assessment of teaching strategies and data for important decision regarding corrective or enrichment activities. If a classroom is to function effectively, a well planned system of evaluation is essential.

The challenges encountered that led to the execution of the research work is that, A lot of time is exhausted and wasted in the process of computing while ensuring accuracy, work involved in the calculation of GPA is tedious especially when handling a large class, and most students cannot calculate their GPA accurately.

It is against the background that the development of this software to enable Student Course Evaluation, so the software users should not give false information that is out of the software deeds. This research work is based on providing adequate information about students’ records. At the end of this project, the research work, the software will able school officials to evaluate students’ course in learning and teaching and concise students’ records from the database.


1.3 Statement of Problems

Investigation reveals the problems of the existing system which are:

  1. A lot of time is exhausted and wasted in the process of computing while ensuring accuracy.
  2. Inaccurate evaluation of manual computation of teachers’ academic performnace from students result
  3. Inadequate provision of more ways for lectures to put ways for lectures to put their lecture materials online.
  4. Ineffective method for evaluating teachers. This would involve optimization of the current method

In addition, Teacher has only being assessed by the Education regulatory body and never have they considered the student assessment of the teachers. Most of these teachers put up a perfect front with good qualification but are most times unable to motivate or impact knowledge to this student. But this research work provides a basic student rating system capable of allowing various class students to rate his or her teacher and these rating are then compile and analyze by various regulatory body. It also aids proper storage and maintenance of Student documentation. Furthermore, it aids structured document representation and eliminates the tedium of performing monotonous rating system.


1.4 Aims and Objectives of Study

The aim of the study is to design and implement an Online Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System using Nnamdi Azikiwe University as a case study. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows to develop an application software that will:

  1. Fully automated student and teacher database system.
  2. Integrate an online assessment form /window for rating different teachers.
  3. Decreased processing time and form errors.
  4. Display teachers records only to the student registered in the teachers’ class.
  5. Provides authentic, qualitative and comprehensive data on the teachers rating gotten form his / her assessments from student.

1.5 Significance of Study

The project is to create a web based application for student rating of teacher effectiveness system in order to bring teachers online and eliminate the tedium of performing monotonous transactions. The scope covers the activities involved in the assessment scheme which will in volce student ability to only rate his class teacher or subject teacher Limitation of this research work is that the system will online be available online and as such are inaccessible by student who don’t have access online.

The importance of this study is to be able to evaluate teacher’s performance so as to save the student, school or Faculty officer from the stress of computing student performance manually which waste a lot of time during the process of computing student result to determine their performance at the end of each semester or session.

This study will be of immense benefit to other researchers who intend to know more on this study and can also be used by non-researchers to build more on their research work. This study contributes to knowledge and could serve as a guide for other study.


1.6 Scope of Study

The study focuses on the Design and Implementation of an Online Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System using Computer Science Department, Nnamdi Azikiwe University as a Case Study.


1.7 Limitations of the Study

During the course of this study, many things militated against its completion, some of which are:

  1. Time Constraint: The time frame given to accomplish this project was very short due to school academic calendar and it was carried out under pressure which made the researcher not to implement some necessary features.
  2. Research material: availability of research material is a major setback to the scope of the study.
  3. Frequent power failure: This made the researcher append more money on fuel to ensure sustainable power.
  4. Financial Constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet).

1.8 Definition of Terms

Effectiveness: The degree to which something is successful in producing a desired result; success.

Teacher: A person who helps others to acquire knowledge, competences or values.

Rating: This refers to the evaluation or assessment of something, in terms of quality (as with a critic rating a novel), quantity (as with an athlete being rated by his or her statistics), or some combination of both.

System: A set of things working together as parts of a mechanism or an interconnecting network; a complex whole.

Online Classes: These are classes conducted via electronic media, especially via the Internet.

World Wide Web: World Wide Web simply called www is the most important tool of the Internet.

Web Site: A website is a collection of many interconnected web pages organized by a specific college, organization company etc, containing web pages (good and commodities) on the Internet.

Hyperlinks: Hyperlinks are highlighted words and phrase you find on web documents that you can click on as to jump to some other documents or Internet services.

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

Summary Headlines for Design and Implementation of Student Rating of Teacher Effectiveness System



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