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Design and Simulation of an Industrial Arm with a Microprocessor

Design and Simulation of an Industrial Arm with a Microprocessor

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Reference ID: PS-5487-TM


This research material titled “Design and Simulation of an Industrial Arm with a Microprocessor” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.


I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Simulation of an Industrial Arm with a Microprocessor” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.







    • 2.1 Introduction



    • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
    • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
    • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
    • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
    • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
    • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
    • 3.3 Feasibility Study
    • 3.3.1 Economic Feasibility
    • 3.3.2 Technical Feasibility
    • 3.3.3 Operational Feasibility
    • 3.4 Analysis of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.3 Justification of the Proposed System
    • 3.5 Functional Requirements
    • 3.5.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
    • 3.6 Data Requirements
    • 3.7 High Level Model of the Proposed System



    • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
    • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
    • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
    • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
    • 4.4 System Specification and Design
    • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
    • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
    • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
    • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
    • 4.6 Program Documentation
    • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
    • 4.7.1 System Testing
    • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
    • 4.8.1 Installation
    • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
    • 4.10 Software Requirement
    • 4.11 Personnel / User Training
    • 4.12 File Maintenance Module



    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Summary
    • 5.3 Conclusion
    • 5.4 Recommendation




    Design and Simulation of an Industrial Arm with a Microprocessor


    The Problem And Its Setting


    Most industrial arm system are driven from magnetic tape or paper tape. A few are driven by a computer which enables them to make decisions.

    1. Using the same computer handles task and trajectory planning as well as controlling the trajectory of the industrial arm system and hand by computer first calculates a trajectory and then executes it by driving the arm along it. Two exception to the kind of system architecture are the control system proposed for the Robot Popeye at the Charles stark draper laboratory.
    2. The stand ford research institute unmated control system is composed of a PDP-10 time-shared computers as a command computer,PDP-15 as a control computer and a Nova 1210 as a sensor.
    3. The system described here consist of a supervisory computer which handles scene analysis, task and trajectory planning routines and a microcomputer which control arm motions, the supervisory computer can be a minicomputer or a time- shared computer.

    In the system under development, a HP-2100A is used as the supervisory computer and an Intel MCS-4 microcomputer as a control processor. The micro-compution monitors arm and hand joint potentiometers as well as hand touch and slip sensors and power supply pressure sensors, and maintains current joint position in the stationary mode.

    Arm motion is described to the microcomputer in the form of job. A job consists of a sequence of macro-command with joint positions and constraints on force levels and trajectories. An example for a simple job would be!

    1. Move to position,
    2. Hold project,
    3. Move to new position,
    4. Release object.

    After transferring the job description to the MCS-4, the HP-2100A continues processing global routines. The MCS-4 interprets the macro- commands, executes them utilizing the feedback information from joint potentiometers and sensors, and interrupts the HP-2100 when the job is terminated. It then transfers the final joint positions and status of the sensors to the HP- 2100A and holds the joint in position until the next job request is received.

    Statement Of The Problem

    There has been a growing realization of the need and importance of industrial arm service because of its role in a developing society like ours. It is because of this role, like speeding of business activities working activities, engaging easy performance of job are expected. It is necessary to find out the problem people encounter with the heavy project of construction. The heavy materials are being handled by the machine called microprocessor-based industrial arm. In fact, we have many problem that this machine can solve like picking hot objects in a industry etc.

    If solved, it will surely change the lives of our people and also prejudices in accepting the development as a result of this, the project work is titled the industrial arm.

    Statement Of The Subproblem

    Since my statement of problem state that computer technology is at the center of a new industrial revolution which has trans formed modern life, we must have a sub problem of how it functions, the sub computers that makes it work. Picture of the object you are defending in your project.

    Hypothesis Of The Study

    The system called industrial arm consisting of a supervisory computer and microcomputer has a role of controlling the arm joint position, the scene analysis task and trajectory planning routines in a big firm for lifting up heavy objects.

    Scope Of The Study

    With all these limitation which include having time constraint and difficulties to visit university library insufficient of information from text books in the available library and financial problem to visit area to research more about the project, it is hoped that this research will provide a meaningful and informative guide on the problems of industrial arm service.

    The Need For The Study

    The need of the study is to have the knowledge that machine can have on artificial intelligent for their working system.

    Other who will find this project important are the future researchers and follow students who may pick up this work form the library. This researcher also benefited from this work as it exposed him to things he could not have come across ordinarily.

    Finally, this study will be of immense help to any person that will be as students as a manager else where.

    Definition Of Terms




    Analog-to- digital, indicating conversion




    Pertaining to data in the form of continuously variable physically quantities




    Is used is holding object fithly

    Control line

    Control box or part carry the synchronization and control information needed


    Unprocessed information

    End job

    End of the execution


    End of control


    Additional equipment of the same line.

    Flag bit

    A character that signal the occurrence of some condition, such as the end of a word


    Supervisory minicomputer

    Hand elevate

    To increase up its hand


    A serialization mechanism by which a specific resources is restricted for use by the holder of the lock


    Micro computer

    System block

    A collection of machine and method organized in data processing


    Is the part joint before the hand.


    To move round to it or bits.

    Assumption For The Study

    The following assumptions were made?

    1. It is assumed that the computer technology is at the center of a new industrial revolution which has transformed modern life.
    2. Robots arm structure is performing a similar job a human being does better.
    3. Must of the industrial machine are introduced from foreign country with artificial intelligent for easy execution of jobs.

    Organization Of The Study

    This study on the industrial arm service in big form has been grouped into following sections to enhance the success of the work.

    Chapter one with the introduction of microprocessor-based industrial arm. Other section like statement of the problem definition, the sub problem, the hypothesis, the limitation, the delimitations, definition of terms, the assumptions the need of the study and finally, the organization of the study.

    Chapter three presents the design of the study which includes the introduction, the component, the procedures for the design, the circuit diagram, the flow chart for the design and the program for the design.

    In chapter four, it expounded on the presentation and analysis of the design, which involves the introductions, the detail analysis of the design and the general analysis.

    Finally, the chapter five gives the summary, the conclusion, the recommendation for the suture research, bibliography and appendix.


    2.0 Literature Review

    2.1 Introduction

    This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

    Summary Headlines for Design and Simulation of an Industrial Arm with a Microprocessor

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