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Design and Implementation of an Intelligent Traffic Control System

Design and Implementation of an Intelligent Traffic Control System

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Reference ID: PS-5003-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Design and Implementation of an Intelligent Traffic Control System” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Design and Implementation of an Intelligent Traffic Control System” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.


Design and Implementation of an Intelligent Traffic Control System

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Background of Study
  • 1.3 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.4 Aims and Objectives of Study
  • 1.5 Significance of Study
  • 1.6 Scope of Study
  • 1.7 Limitations of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Conceptual Review of Road Traffic Control System
  • 2.3 Impact of Road Traffic Congestion
  • 2.3.1 Impacts of Traffic Congestion on the Society
  • 2.3.2 Impacts of Traffic Congestion on the Economy
  • 2.3.3 Impacts of Traffic Congestion on the Individual
  • 2.4 Concept of Congestion
  • 2.5 Consequences of Traffic Congestion
  • 2.6 Causes of Traffic Congestion
  • 2.7 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.8 Empirical Studies

CHAPTER THREE

SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

  • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
  • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
  • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
  • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
  • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
  • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
  • 3.3 Analysis of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.3 Justification of the Proposed System
  • 3.4 Functional Requirements
  • 3.4.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
  • 3.5 Data Requirements
  • 3.6 High Level Model of the Proposed System

CHAPTER FOUR

SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION

  • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
  • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
  • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
  • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
  • 4.4 System Specification and Design
  • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
  • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
  • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
  • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
  • 4.6 Program Documentation
  • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
  • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
  • 4.8.1 Installation
  • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
  • 4.10 Software Requirement
  • 4.11 Personnel / User Training

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation

REFERENCES

APPENDIX A - “SOURCE CODE”

APPENDIX B - “OBJECT PROGRAM”

ABSTRACT

Intelligent Traffic Control System collect and analyze driving information of vehicles in the area, perform the optimal traffic signal control in accordance with the constantly changing road traffic situation, and provide useful traffic information to drivers based on the data collected. The aim of the study is to Design and Implement an Intelligent Traffic Control System. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out to design and develop an application that will: identify, examine, daily signals, monitor problems associated with traffic control on the aforementioned junction, withstand high temperature, wind blow and rainfall, which affect the manual system that does the task, assume the computer screen as the point of traffic light installation where light will be allowed to cycle over a fixed interval of time between the East, West and South of the T-junction road, control the pedestrian request button such that if it is pressed the current cycle will terminate naturally with the use of the programming language, and direct the flow of traffic showing how and when vehicles and human can pass or drive through with the aid of the traffic display on screen. The methodology adopted in this study is the object oriented analysis and design methodology (OOADM) which is a technical approach for analyzing and designing an application or system by applying object throughout the software development process. The programming language used is HTML, CSS, JAVASCRIPT, PHP, SQL and JQUERY. The reason why web programming languages was used is because, it is platform independent and it is a web based application. The proposed Intelligent Traffic Control System will be better that the manual traffic control which will be beneficial to drivers and traffic officers. The expected result is an Intelligent Traffic Control System that will provide an accurate and non biased movement of vehicles, machine and tricycle in a traffic T-junction.


Design and Implementation of an Intelligent Traffic Control System

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 Introduction

Traffic Control Systems collect and analyze driving information of vehicles in the area, perform the optimal traffic signal control in accordance with the constantly changing road traffic situation, and provide useful traffic information to drivers based on the data collected. Ensuring a smooth traffic flow by shortening the driving time of vehicles and reducing the number of times vehicles come to a halt will lead to benefits such as a reduction in road traffic accidents and a decrease in air pollution, which will in turn make a significant contribution to a safe and comfortable road traffic environment (Kyosan, 2021).

As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the statement of problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Limitations of the Study and Definition of technical terms.


1.2 Background of Study

Traffic System Computer technology is one of the achievements made by man. Its benefit has seen man being able to solve some of his immediate problems. It has opened the door to a large number of important applications that were not economically feasible in the past. Its applications ranges from automating devices in most offices where most tasks are highly automated to on-line computer control of industrial and commercial process for which this project is concerned.

The computer therefore presents a great opportunity to develop system more economically not simply because the availability of methodology and theories that could not previously be economically justified, among these numerous applications of the computer is it's use in controlling and monitoring traffic, this is reality a very expensive application because it has several features to utilize in the design.

The main reason for embarking on this project is because it is noteworthy that traffic system in ESUT-IMT Road Junction is very poor which results in traffic jams and most of which cause automobile accident within this junction due to congestion among road users with the increasing population and consequent increase in economic activities. However it is noteworthy to note that urban traffic jams are not limited to developing countries alone, but other developed countries still experience the same problem given the nature of their road network.

The reason as stated above for the problems being encountered for non-application of computer in the monitoring and controlling of the junction is enough to automate the traffic control system using it as the best alternative to direct the flow of traffic effectively and efficiently.


1.3 Statement of the Problem

The reason for embarking on this particular project is due to the fact that traffic jam is a problem within this T-junction because it has caused most of the automobile accidents and mishaps. This problem could also be attributed to the mistakes made by traffic policemen who might suddenly stop a line in order to give preference to some class of individuals and therefore pass wrong line or road. Since there is also on increasing population made up of students of the two higher institutions as well as the economic activities, road users experience what can be called ‘a diary ordeal' as most of their time is spent on the road as a result of congestion cause holdups. This situation affects mainly ESUT and IMT students and lecturers, as they are the major users of this T-junction.


1.4 Aims and Objectives of Study

The aim of the study is to Design and Implement an Intelligent Traffic Control System. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows to design and develop an application that will:

  1. Identify, examine, daily signals, monitor problems associated with traffic control on the aforementioned junction.
  2. Withstand high temperature, wind blow and rainfall, which affect the manual system that does the task.
  3. Assume the computer screen as the point of traffic light installation where light will be allowed to cycle over a fixed interval of time between the East, West and South of the T-junction road.
  4. Control the pedestrian request button such that if it is pressed the current cycle will terminate naturally with the use of the programming language.
  5. Direct the flow of traffic showing how and when vehicles and human can pass or drive through with the aid of the traffic display on screen.

1.5 Significance of Study

This project analysis the existing traffic control system, comparing both the manual and electronic method of controlling traffic. It helps to determine the design, which can handle some of the problems of the earlier system.

Manually, traffic control system involves human beings whose steadiness cannot be assured. Factors such as environment, state of mind and human relation militate against adopting human traffic control system. The proposed electronic system will be better that the manual traffic control, although this system can easily breakdown if not properly maintained. On the other hand, the automated system is the best to implement as it gives room for flexibility and efficiency of the system.

This study will be of immense benefit to drivers, and other researchers who intend to know more on this study and can also be used by non-researchers to build more on their research work. This study contributes to knowledge and could serve as a guide for other study.


1.6 Scope of Study

The study focuses on the Design and Implementation of an Intelligent Traffic Control System.


1.7 Limitations of the Study

During the course of this study, many things militated against its completion, some of which are:

  1. Time Constraint: The time frame given to accomplish this project was very short due to school academic calendar and it was carried out under pressure which made the researcher not to implement some necessary features.
  2. Research material: availability of research material is a major setback to the scope of the study.
  3. Frequent power failure: This made the researcher append more money on fuel to ensure sustainable power.
  4. Financial Constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet).

1.8 Definition of Terms

  1. Information: Facts or knowledge provided or learned.
  2. Travel: To be on a journey, often for pleasure or business, and with luggage; to go from one place to another.
  3. Rate: To assign or to be assigned a particular rank or level.
  4. Ticket: A piece paper or card holder that gives right to admission to a place or event or travel on public transport.
  5. Reservation: The action of reserving/booking or arranging for use of a particular person.
  6. Cancellation: The act of deciding that (a planned event) will not take place.
  7. Bus: A large motor vehicle carrying passengers on a fixed route.
  8. Postponement: An act of arranging for (something) to take place at a time later than that first scheduled.
  9. System: A complex whole; a set of things working together as a mechanism or interconnecting network.

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

Summary Headlines for Design and Implementation of an Intelligent Traffic Control System



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