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Effects of Accounting Information System on Profitability of a Company

Effects of Accounting Information System on Profitability of a Company

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Reference ID: PS-13027-TM

DEDICATION

This research work titled "Effects of Accounting Information System on Profitability of a Company" is dedicated to God for his enabling grace and to all computer enthusiasts who help to make life a pleasant experience.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I owe my indebtedness to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Accountancy / Accounting, Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing/related research material for your moral support that facilitated the successful completion of my (Tertiary Institution level). I am grateful to God Almighty and my parent for their financial support in my career. I really appreciate you all for everything, Thank you very much.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION


    CHAPTER TWO

    LITERATURE REVIEW

    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 Conceptual Review
    • 2.3 Theoretical Framework
    • 2.4 Empirical Studies

    CHAPTER THREE

    RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Research Design
    • 3.3 Population of Study
    • 3.4 Sampling and Sampling Technique
    • 3.5 Validation of Research Instrument
    • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
    • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
    • 3.8 Questionnaire Administration
    • 3.9 Ethical Consideration
    • 3.10 Statistical Analysis

    CHAPTER FOUR

    DATA ANALYSIS, RESULT AND DISCUSSION

    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Presentation and Analysis of Data
    • 4.3 Re-statement of Research Questions
    • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses
    • 4.5 Discussion of Findings

    CHAPTER FIVE

    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Summary of Findings
    • 5.3 Conclusion
    • 5.4 Recommendation
    • 5.5 Suggestion for Further Study

    REFERENCES

    APPENDIX A - “QUESTIONNAIRE”

    ABSTRACT

    Accounting information system is defined as a computer based system that increases the control and enhances the cooperation in the companies. The study was carried out to examine the Effects of Accounting Information System on Profitability of a Company using Cadbury Nigeria PLC as a case study. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out to examine the effect of accounting information system on profitability, ascertain the effect of sales volume on profitability and determine the effect of capital structure on profitability. The study employed the survey design and the purposive sampling technique to select 250 staff across management, senior and junior level. The data obtained through the administration of the questionnaires was analyzed using the Pearson correlation analysis. The results showed that there is positive and significant relationship between total accounting information system sub-variables and profitability (r=.322; p<0.05). The study concluded that accounting information system has a significant effect on profitability in Nigeria manufacturing companies. Based on the findings of the study, the study recommended that; Sales Volume (SV) should be employed as an indicator by the management of every manufacturing company, to ensure that boost of sales is guaranteed; Accounting department should be the one in charge of all financial and assets aspect, which should be headed by a qualified accountant; Expenses should only be made when necessary and should be minimize so profits can be maximize in manufacturing companies; Standard accounting information system should be formulated and maintained.


    Effects of Accounting Information System on Profitability of a Company

    CHAPTER ONE

    1.1 Introduction

    Accounting information system is defined as a computer based system that increases the control and enhances the cooperation in the companies. Accounting information aids in profit making, budgeting and cost control. In a company, it is the duty of the management accountant to see that his company keeps good records and prepare proper financial regulations. Management accountants also need to keep up with the latest development in the use of computers and in the computer system design. Accountants provide many special reports for management, decision making. This function requires the gathering of both historical and projected data.

    As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the statement of problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Research hypothesis and questions, Limitations of the Study and Definition of technical terms.


    1.2 Background of Study

    Currently, most organizations continue to increase spending on information system and their budgets continue to rise. However, economic conditions and competition create pressures about costs of information. Accounting information therefore, is the information derived from the financial accounting report. The essence of this information is for management and other users to make decisions. Therefore, the accuracy of decision making depends on the effective and efficient design of management information system. The accounting concerned prepares the financial accounting information in such a way that will enable users to derive maximum information for their use.

    The utilization of accounting information system (AIS) effectiveness is extensive spread of information required by various users of the organization. It has an effect on the decision making and assists organization administrative co-ordination in the organization. It is thus founded that effective decision making is important to organizational performance thereby increasing profit. This basically describes the link in between the utilization of Accounting information system and organizational performance. Taking into consideration the Situation in Jordanian banking sector, current issue are the adaptable investment trend as well as the adopting of electronic technologies in the banking sector (Al-Majali, 2011).

    It is good to mention that the use of information is not limited to a particular manager or a department, but all administrative levels need to use information, which increases the importance of management information systems in the organization. Accounting information is known as a system for collecting and recording, storing, and processing data to produce information for the decision makers (Romney & Steinbart, 2009).

    Accounting information is an information provided by the accountants and accounting systems. The information are usually presented in financial statements such as the income statement and the statement of financial position of the firm. It also includes any financial ratios extracted from these financial statements. Accounting systems of a firms are responsible for analyzing and monitoring the financial situation of firms, preparation of documents that are necessary for tax purposes, providing information to support many other organizational functions such as production, marketing, human resource management, and strategic planning of the firm; without such a systems, the companies will find it very difficult to determine performance, identify customer and supplier account balances and forecast future performance of the organization. The main purpose of an accounting information system is the collection and recording of data and information concerning an events that have an economic impact upon organizations and the maintenance, processing and communication of such information to internal and external stakeholders for proper decision making (Stefanou, 2006).

    Therefore, in Nigeria where the research was carried out, the activities that was conducted is to examine the Effects of Accounting Information System on Profitability of a Company.


    1.3 Statement of Problems

    Investigation revealed that information system is developed using information technology to help an individual from performing their task. Therefore, most companies focuses on developing information system in order to support decision system, communication, knowledge management, as well as many others. The key part of this information system needed for decision making in companies is accounting information system.

    Today, information technology and an increasingly transparent financial sectors have become key deriving forces in business operations, strategies, structures, ownership and profit making. This forces cut across many industries to force changes that, in turn, have had significant economic and social impacts on the organizational effectiveness. Structurally, the emerging information technology industry is uncharacteristic of typical traditional process which has gradually gone out of the need to increase efficiency and cut on operations costs there by increasing profit in companies. Therefore, the study seeks to examine the Effects of Accounting Information System on Profitability of a Company.


    1.4 Aim and Objectives of Study

    The aim of the study is to examine the Effects of Accounting Information System on Profitability of a Company using Cadbury Nigeria PLC as a case study. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows:

    1. To examine the effect of accounting information system on profitability.
    2. To ascertain the effect of sales volume on profitability.
    3. To determine the effect of capital structure on profitability.
    4. To examine the effect of expenses on profitability
    5. To make recommendations which may enhance the employment of information provided by accounting system

    1.5 Research Questions

    The study came up with research questions so as to be able to ascertain the above stated objectives. The specific research questions for the study are stated below as follows:

    • What are the effects of accounting information system on profitability?
    • What are the effects of capital structure on profitability?
    • What are the effects sales volumes on profitability?
    • What are the effects of expenses on profitability?

    1.6 Research Hypothesis

    In order to pursue the objective of this study, the following generalized statements have been designed to guide and aids in obtaining the result for the experiment to be conducted. For this work, the null hypothesis will be represented with H0 while the alternative hypothesis will be represented with hypothesis H1.

    Hypothesis One

    • H0: There is no significant relationship between total accounting information system sub-variables and profitability
    • H1: There is a significant relationship between total accounting information system sub-variables and profitability

    1.7 Significance of Study

    This study will be significance to companies in Nigeria in terms of determining the benefit accruing due to the integration of accounting information system in their operations.

    Accounting information system provide information about the financial resources, obligation and activities of an enterprise that is intend for use primarily external decision makers (investors and creditors). This study provides useful information in making investment and credit decision.

    Lastly, the study will also be useful to other researchers interested in the problem under investigation as the study has laid a platform on which furthers studies related to the subject can be undertaken.


    1.8 Scope of Study

    The scope of the research is focused on the Effects of Accounting Information System on Profitability of a Company using Cadbury Nigeria PLC as a case study.


    1.9 Limitations of the Study

    During the course of this study, many things militated against its completion, some of which are:

    1. Time Constraint: The time frame given to accomplish this project was very short due to school academic calendar and it was carried out under pressure which made the researcher not to implement some necessary features.
    2. Research material: availability of research material is a major setback to the scope of the study.
    3. Frequent power failure: This made the researcher append more money on fuel to ensure sustainable power.
    4. Financial Constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

    1.10 Operationalization of Variables

    In terms of variable scope, the study will cover two groups of variables, the dependent variable and the independent variables. The dependent variable for the study for the study is profitability. The study also focuses on independent variable accounting information system, expenses, sales volume and asset combination.

    Functional equation; Generally, y= f(x)

    Where: y= dependent variable

    x= independent variable

    y=f(x)

    y= Profitability (P)

    x= Accounting Information System(AIS)

    x1= Sales Volume (SV)

    x2= Capital Structure(CS)

    x3= Expenses(Ex)

    P= f(AIS) —— equ 1

    P= f(SV) —— equ 2

    P= f(CS) —— equ 3

    P=f(Ex) ——- equ4


    1.11 Definition of Operational Terms

    Accounting: Is the systematic process of recording, communicating, summarizing, analyzing and reporting of financial information.

    Accounting Information: This refers to the system of storing, processing of financial and accounting data that are used by decision makers.

    Accounting Information System: Is defined as a computer based system that increases the control and enhances the cooperation in the companies.

    CHAPTER TWO

    2.0 Literature Review

    2.1 Introduction

    This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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