This research work titled "Evaluating the Effects of Cutting Type and Different Rooting Media on the Vegetative Propagation of African Black Pepper" is dedicated to God for his enabling grace and to all computer enthusiasts who help to make life a pleasant experience.
I owe my indebtedness to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing/related research work for your moral support that facilitated the successful completion of my (Tertiary Institution level). I am grateful to God Almighty and my parent for their financial support in my career. I really appreciate you all for everything, Thank you very much.
Piper guineense L. commonly referred to as African black pepper is a climbing perennial plant of the family Piperaceae. The plant belongs to the group of pepper called false cubebs (Buzzanell and Gray, 1995) and the berries are often used as substitutes for the edible black pepper (Piper nigrum)and for the most closely related cubebs pepper (Piper cubeba). African black pepper is a native of tropical regionof central and western African and is semi-cultivated in countries such as Nigeria where the leaves and fruits (berries) are sold in markets as condiment and also for food flavor (Joan and Michihol, 2013). It is known as Uziza in Igbo and Iyere in Yoruba, other common names are Benins pepper, Guinea pepper and false cubeb. It grows in evergreen rainforest edges usually in wet places, gallery forest along rocky rivers of an elevation of 750-1650mm. The leaves have pungent taste and pleasant aroma when crushed (Tapsell and Hemphill, 2006). The oleiferous leaves are elliptic in shape, about 5cm long and 7cm broad. The leaves have a peppery taste, pale greenish color when fresh and darker green when dried. The flowers are small, borne on common stalks as cluster opposite the leaves or at the terminals of the stem and branches. The African black pepper is a protogynous plant. The flower develop first in the androecium (male organ of the flower) than in the gynoecium (female organ of the flower) (Okigbo and Igwe, 2007). Stamens open up 5-8 days after the stigma is receptive. In Nigeria, African black pepper is highly spicy plant and parts of the various plants are cultivated for their aromatic pungent. They are also classified into tiny wild fruits, nuts, herbs and leafy vegetable having heart-shaped leaves and oval petiole (Iwara and Uboh, 2013).
This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …
Order Complete Material with Preferred Acquisition Method
Evaluating the Effects of Cutting Type and Different Rooting Media on the Vegetative Propagation of African Black Pepper Complete Material can be acquired by placing an order for the material which will be sent in Microsoft Word (MS-Word) Format and the cost of acquisition is ₦3,000.
For Mobile Money (MoMo) and Researchers Outside Nigeria, Kindly Request Complete Material via WhatsApp.
After transaction, kindly inform Us with the contact details above.
Sparklyn Services, duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) under the Federal Law with RC: 2994849 operates on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site is secured and safe!
Order Complete Material with Card
Secured by Paystack
Trending Agricultural Economics and Extension Project & Seminar Topics
Significance of the Study (Who benefits from the project and how?)
Relevant Research Questions
Relevant Research Hypotheses
Defense Procedure for Agricultural Economics and Extension Researchers
Know your Project / Seminar Work (Evaluating the Effects of Cutting Type and Different Rooting Media on the Vegetative Propagation of African Black Pepper): Here are the key point to study if your work is cumbersome or not.
Motivation / Statement of Problems
Aims & Objective of Study
Scope of Study
Significance of Study
State two or more citation from your review of related literature.
Know the methodologies, tools and techniques used.
Justification of your work and things to adhered to before using the system or research work.
Conclusion and Recommendation
Dress Code: Your dress code should be cooperate wear for example; putting on suit and tie during project defense gives you an automatic mark without a word.
External Examiner / Supervisor Questioning & Student Answering: Questions will come from the research work, any difficult or unknown question, kindly say "Sorry Sir/Madam, the question is not within my scope of study".
Summary Headlines for Evaluating the Effects of Cutting Type and Different Rooting Media on the Vegetative Propagation of African Black Pepper