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Regional Weather Forecasting System

Regional Weather Forecasting System

Project / Seminar Material
Reference ID: PS-4983-TM


This research material titled “Regional Weather Forecasting System” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.


I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Computer Science (CS), Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Regional Weather Forecasting System” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.







    • 2.1 Introduction



    • 3.1 Methodology Adopted
    • 3.1.1 Problem Identification Using SSADM
    • 3.2 Analysis of the Existing System
    • 3.2.1 Dataflow of the Existing System
    • 3.2.2 Disadvantages Of The Existing System
    • 3.2.3 Weakness of the existing System
    • 3.3 Feasibility Study
    • 3.3.1 Economic Feasibility
    • 3.3.2 Technical Feasibility
    • 3.3.3 Operational Feasibility
    • 3.4 Analysis of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.1 Data Flow Diagram of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.2 Advantages of the Proposed System
    • 3.4.3 Justification of the Proposed System
    • 3.5 Functional Requirements
    • 3.5.1 Use Case Diagram Of The Admin / User Privileges
    • 3.6 Data Requirements
    • 3.7 High Level Model of the Proposed System



    • 4.1 Objectives of the Design
    • 4.2 Cohesion and Decomposition High level Model
    • 4.3 Control Center / Overall Dataflow Diagram
    • 4.3.1 Proposed System Operation Flowchart
    • 4.4 System Specification and Design
    • 4.4.1 Input and Output Specification
    • 4.4.2 Database Specification and Design
    • 4.4.3 Data Dictionary
    • 4.5 Choice and Justification of Programming Language
    • 4.6 Program Documentation
    • 4.7 Implementation Techniques
    • 4.7.1 System Testing
    • 4.8 Programming Module Specification
    • 4.8.1 Installation
    • 4.9 Computer Hardware Minimum Requirement
    • 4.10 Software Requirement
    • 4.11 Personnel / User Training
    • 4.12 File Maintenance Module



    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Summary
    • 5.3 Conclusion
    • 5.4 Recommendation




    Regional Weather Forecasting System


    General Introduction

    1.1 Introduction

    Weather forecasting is the application of science and technology to predict the state of the atmosphere for a given location. Human beings have attempted to predict the weather informally for millennia, and formally since the nineteenth century. Weather forecasts are made by collecting quantitative data about the current state of the atmosphere and using scientific understanding of atmospheric processes to project how the atmosphere will evolve. (Wikipedian Online Encyclopedia, n.d).

    Once an all-human endeavor based mainly upon changes in barometric pressure, current weather conditions, and sky condition, weather forecasting now relies on computer-based models that take many atmospheric factors into account. Human input is still required to pick the best possible forecast model to base the forecast upon, which involves pattern recognition skills, teleconnections, knowledge of model performance, and knowledge of model biases. The chaotic nature of the atmosphere, the massive computational power required to solve the equations that describe the atmosphere, error involved in measuring the initial conditions, and an incomplete understanding of atmospheric processes mean that forecasts become less accurate as the difference in current time and the time for which the forecast is being made (the range of the forecast) increases. It is because of margins of errors caused by the forecast methods above that the technique of forecasting weather information by Persistence is used.

    Persistence remains the simplest method of forecasting the weather, persistence, relies upon today’s conditions to forecast the conditions tomorrow. This can be a valid way of forecasting the weather when it is steady state, such as during the summer season in the tropics. This method of forecasting strongly depends upon the presence of a stagnant weather pattern. It can be useful in both short range forecasts and long range forecasts (University of Illinois, 2007).

    1.2 Statement Of The Problem

    Weather forecasting information acquired by several e-applications is sourced form weather satellites which provide information about a large area which could cover geographical sub-regions. The problems associated in relying on the data provided by such means are outlined below:

    Inaccurate data:

    The weather condition about a particular region cannot be accurately gathered with high precision by the satellite monitors and hence inaccurate data is supplied to the e-applications.

    Inaccurate Forecast Prediction:

    Due to the collection of inaccurate data about a particular location within the geographical space being monitored, the weather forecast prediction calculations will result in inaccurate results.

    1.3 Aims And Objectives

    This research project aims to address the problems cited above by Regional Weather Forecast System in order to accurately, through the technique of weather forecasting by the Persistence method, predict the weather condition about a specific location. This will be achieved through the implementation of the following objectives:

    1. Provide a platform through which the regional data parameters about a particular location will be collected and submitted to a central location for other e-Science applications to access
    2. Design an online e-Science application to access the data to provide weather forecast predictions based on the data.

    1.4 Significance Of The Study

    Through the successful implementation of this research project, accurate data will be collected about a particular area which will ensure reliable weather prediction analysis and subsequently reduce the risks of traffic accidents caused by wrongly forecasted weather predictions.

    1.5 Scope And Limitations

    The scope of this works covers the following:

    1. Provision of a platform through which the regional data parameters about a particular location will be collected and submitted to a central location for other e-Science applications to access
    2. This study will be limited to regional weather data gotten from Lagos state, and the e-Science application developed will only cover the use of the data collected to predict the weather condition of the following day.

    1.6 Research Methodology

    The source of data to be used for this work will come from the internet, libraries and public journals.

    1.5 Definition Of Terms

    Weather Forecasting:

    Weather forecasting is the application of current technology and science to predict the state of the atmosphere for a future time and a given location.

    Weather Satellite:

    The weather satellite is a type of satellite that is primarily used to monitor the weather and climate of the Earth. Satellites can be polar orbiting, covering the entire Earth asynchronously, or geostationary, hovering over the same spot on the equator.


    2.0 Literature Review

    2.1 Introduction

    This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

    Summary Headlines for Regional Weather Forecasting System

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