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Infrastructural Development Real Estate Agency Rebranding and Review of National Housing Policy the Road Map for Rapid Economic Development of Nigeria
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Infrastructural Development, Real Estate Agency Rebranding and Review of National Housing Policy; the Road Map for Rapid Economic Development of Nigeria

Project / Seminar Material
Reference ID: PS-245-TM

DEDICATION

This research work titled "Infrastructural Development, Real Estate Agency Rebranding and Review of National Housing Policy; the Road Map for Rapid Economic Development of Nigeria" is dedicated to God for his enabling grace and to all computer enthusiasts who help to make life a pleasant experience.



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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I owe my indebtedness to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Architecture, Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing/related research work for your moral support that facilitated the successful completion of my (Tertiary Institution level). I am grateful to God Almighty and my parent for their financial support in my career. I really appreciate you all for everything, Thank you very much.



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Infrastructural Development, Real Estate Agency Rebranding and Review of National Housing Policy; the Road Map for Rapid Economic Development of Nigeria

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preliminary Pages

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background …

Chapter Two

Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction

Chapter Three

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction

Chapter Four

Results and Discussion

  • 4.1 Introduction

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation

References




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ABSTRACT

The research work examines the Rebranding and Review of National Housing Policy. In achieving this aim, the specific objectives were set out as follows to: examine the level of infrastructural development in Nigeria, determine if real estate agency rebranding can contribute to economic growth, identify the effects of national housing policy on infrastructural development in Nigeria, examining the need for low income housing provision for the low income group, examining the theoretical issues relating to low income housing deficiencies; evaluating housing policies performance within the institutional framework context and proffering solution to the low income housing problem for a sustainable urban development. Housing policy in Nigeria is as old as the history of the country. Housing policy is derived from laws, regulations and administrative practices that can aid the production and delivery of housing. However, the researcher is of the opinion that infrastructural development e.g. good housing can only be achieved through crops of professional real estate agents. The outcome of this study will educate the professionals in building industry on how the rebranding of real estate agency and the national policy can enhance infrastructural development thereby contributing to the economic growth.





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Infrastructural Development, Real Estate Agency Rebranding and Review of National Housing Policy; the Road Map for Rapid Economic Development of Nigeria

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Housing policy in Nigeria is as old as the history of the country. Thus, we can broadly categorize its historical development under the five distinct phases of the colonial period (before 1960), the post- independence period (1960-1979), the second civilian administration (1979-1983), the military era (1984-1999), and the post military era (1999 to date). The major characteristic of the colonial period was the provision of staff quarters for expatriates and other indigenous staff of parastatals and organizations.

With a population of about 173 million people, Nigeria is the largest country in Africa and accounts for 47% of West Africa's population. Given these large reserves of human and natural resources, the country has significant potential to build a prosperous economy characterized by rapid economic growth through real estate rebranding leading to infrastructural development that can significantly reduce poverty, inequality and improve standards of living of the population through better access to and quality of health care, education and infrastructure services (Falade, 2007).

One of the organization that has been promoting real estate agency rebranding in Nigeria is The Real Estate Developer's Association of Nigeria (REDAN) which is the principal agency of the organized private sector recognized by government and approved by the Federal Mortgage Bank of Nigeria (FMBN) the apex mortgage lender in Nigeria to facilitate the delivery of affordable mass housing in Nigerians (REDAN, 2015).

This era witnessed the creation of Urban Councils in 1946, the establishment of Lagos Executive Board (LEBD) in 1954, the formation of Nigerian Building Society in 1955, as well as the enactment of Regional Housing Corporation in 1959. Also, the post-independence period experienced some improvements in housing provision during the First National Development Plan period (1962-1968) and the second National Development Plan 1970-1974). Specifically, the formulation of the National Council on Housing in 1971 led to further improvement in housing delivery.

The third National Development Plan (1975-1980) made further improvements on housing programmes, policies and The transformation of the Nigerian Building Society into Federal Mortgage Bank of Nigeria with the promulgation of Decree No 7 of 1977 also brought some improvements into housing delivery in Nigeria. The Land Use Decree (LUD) of 1978 was promulgated in order to guarantee access to land by all Nigerians.

Before the promulgation of the LUD, dual land tenure structure was paramount in the country. The LUD came to stabilize the ownership and acquisition of land. Also, during the era, the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1979) laid emphasis on the importance of local building materials and the relevance of labour and construction industry. In this same year, the Employees Housing Scheme Decree No 54 of 1979 was promulgated.

This decree made provision for staff housing and housing estates. The housing policy in the 1980s and 1990s was the means by which divided society was being created. The rural areas were neglected and the housing stocks in the urban areas were improved upon. This was as a result of high rate of urbanization and the subsequent housing shortage in urban centres. The military era witnessed further improvements in housing policies and delivery. This was facilitated by the promulgation of the Mortgage Institutions Decree No 53 of 1989.

The decree promoted the realization of the major and specific objectives of the National Housing Policy. Furthermore, the Economic Liberalization Policy of Babangida's administration supported the participation of the private organization in housing delivery. This was closely followed by the promulgation of the Urban and Regional Planning Decree 88 of 1992 as well as the National Housing Fund (NHF) Decree No 3 of 1992. The NHF was saddled with the responsibility of ensuring continuous flow of fund for housing construction and delivery.

Prior to the millennium, the policy of ‘housing for all in year 2000' was formulated. This policy was rigorously pursued, but it was besieged by administrative bottlenecks which made the policy difficult to be realized by the year 2000. Nevertheless, in year 2002, the Housing and Urban Development Policy was formulated. This policy was meant majorly to correct the inconsistencies of the Land Use Act as well as to allow land banking and ownership to operate in a free market economy. The post military era has been able to witness tremendous improvement in the Nigerian housing situation (Akeju, 2007). However, the federal government policy on monetization and privatization are negating the objectives of housing policies and progammes.

Other constraints to housing development and delivery in Nigeria are poverty, high cost of building materials, inadequate financial instruments for mobilization of funds, short maturity preference of lending institution, high rate of rural-urban migration, as well as high rate of poverty (Kabir, 2004). Infrastructural development through mass housing delivery in Nigeria will significantly boost the economy of the nation.

1.2 Statement Of The Problem

Agbola (1998) noted that the effort of the government in terms of the formulation and implementation of the National Housing Policy is quite commendable. On the other hand, he opined that the efforts have not shown remarkable improvement in the status quosince many Nigerians are still homeless while up till this time, many are living in dingy and ramshackle structures. Another major criticism of the policy lies in the area of monitoring, evaluation and review.

An housing policy is derived from laws, regulations and administrative practices that can aid the production and delivery of housing. However, the researcher is of the opinion that infrastructural development e.g. good housing can only be achieved through crops of professional real estate agents.

1.3 Aim and Objectives Of The Study

The aim of the study is to examine the Rebranding and Review of National Housing Policy. In achieving this aim, the specific objectives were set out as follows:

  1. To examine the level of infrastructural development in Nigeria.
  2. To determine if real estate agency rebranding can contribute to economic growth.
  3. To identify the effects of national housing policy on infrastructural development in Nigeria.
  4. To examining the need for low income housing provision for the low income group;
  5. Examining the theoretical issues relating to low income housing deficiencies; evaluating housing policies performance within the institutional framework context and proffering solution to the low income housing problem for a sustainable urban development.

1.4 Research Questions

The study came up with research questions so as to be able to ascertain the above stated objectives. The specific research questions for the study are stated below as follows:

  • What is the level of infrastructural development in Nigeria?
  • Can real estate agency rebranding contribute to economic growth?
  • What are the effects of national housing policy on infrastructural development in Nigeria?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

In order to pursue the objective of this study, the following generalized statements have been designed to guide and aids in obtaining the result for the experiment to be conducted. For this work, the null hypothesis will be represented with H0 while the alternative hypothesis will be represented with hypothesis H1.

Hypothesis One

  • H0: There is no significant impact in Rebranding and Review of National Housing Policy
  • H1: There is a significant impact in Rebranding and Review of National Housing Policy

1.6 Significance of the Study

The following are the significance of this study:

  1. The outcome of this study will educate the professionals in building industry on how the rebranding of real estate agency and the national policy can enhance infrastructural development thereby contributing to the economic growth.
  2. This research will also serve as a resource base to other scholars and researchers interested in carrying out further research in this field subsequently, if applied will go to an extent to provide new explanation to the topic.

1.7 Scope of the Study

This study on infrastructural development, real estate agency rebranding and review of nation housing policy as a road map to economic development will cover the level of housing and other infrastructural development in Lagos State, Nigeria. It will also cover how real estate agency rebranding can be used as a tool for economic growth.

1.8 Limitations of Study

During the course of this study, many things militated against its completion, some of which are:

  1. Time Constraint: The time frame given to accomplish this project was very short due to school academic calendar and it was carried out under pressure which made the researcher not to implement some necessary features.
  2. Establishment Policies: Establishment policies posed a serious limitation as most staffs are not ready to release information needed for this project work. There were lots of information needed from the staffs of this institution to enhance the study which took them time to release or they did not release at all for security purposes, hence the scope was reduced.
  3. Research material: availability of research material is a major setback to the scope of the study.
  4. Frequent power failure: This made the researcher append more money on fuel to ensure sustainable power.
  5. Financial Constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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Proposal Writing Format under Architecture


Infrastructural Development, Real Estate Agency Rebranding and Review of National Housing Policy; the Road Map for Rapid Economic Development of Nigeria is a proposal topic for final year research work, which comprises the major and elective project proposal writing sections for Infrastructural Development, Real Estate Agency Rebranding and Review of National Housing Policy; the Road Map for Rapid Economic Development of Nigeria research work.

Major Sections
  • Motivation for Embarking on the Project

  • Brief Background of Study

  • Statement of Problems

  • Aim of the Study

  • Specific Objectives of the Study

  • Significance of the Study (Who benefits from the project and how?)

Elective Sections
  • Relevant Research Questions

  • Relevant Research Hypotheses


Defense Procedure for Architecture Researchers


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  • Abstract

CHAPTER ONE

  • Motivation / Statement of Problems
  • Aims & Objective of Study
  • Scope of Study
  • Significance of Study

CHAPTER TWO

  • State two or more citation from your review of related literature.

CHAPTER THREE

  • Know the methodologies, tools and techniques used.

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Justification of your work and things to adhered to before using the system or research work.

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Conclusion and Recommendation

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