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Knowledge and Perception of Cervical Cancer Screening among University of Benin Female Students

Knowledge and Perception of Cervical Cancer Screening among University of Benin Female Students

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Reference ID: PS-23871-TM

DEDICATION

This research material titled “Knowledge and Perception of Cervical Cancer Screening among University of Benin Female Students” is dedicated to God for his enabling grace, and to all computer enthusiasts who contributed to make life a pleasant experience during my research documentation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I extend my sincere gratitude to all those who contributed to the completion of this project. Special thanks to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Applied Science, Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing or related project material on “Knowledge and Perception of Cervical Cancer Screening among University of Benin Female Students” for their invaluable guidance, support, and expertise throughout the journey.

I am also grateful to your study area (mention any funding organizations, if applicable) for their financial assistance. This research would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of some stakeholders (mention any mentors, teachers, or colleagues). Additionally, I would like to acknowledge the understanding and patience of my family and friends during this endeavor. Your unwavering support has been a constant source of motivation. Thank you all for being part of this meaningful endeavor.


Knowledge and Perception of Cervical Cancer Screening among University of Benin Female Students

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PRELIMINARY PAGES


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Background of Study
  • 1.3 Statement of Problems
  • 1.4 Aim and Objectives of Study
  • 1.5 Research Questions
  • 1.6 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.7 Significance of Study
  • 1.8 Scope of Study
  • 1.9 Limitations of the Study

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Conceptual Review of Cervical Screening
  • 2.3 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3.1 Cervical Screening
  • 2.3.2 Screening Process
  • 2.3.3 Types of Screening
  • 2.3.5 Pap Test
  • 2.4 Medical Uses of Screening
  • 2.5 Risk Factor for Cervical Cancer
  • 2.6 Cervical Cancer Screening
  • 2.7 Risks of Cervical Cancer Screening
  • 2.8 Prevention of Cervical Cancer
  • 2.9 Treatment of Cervical Cancer
  • 2.10 Empirical Studies

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Design
  • 3.3 Population of Study
  • 3.4 Sampling Technique
  • 3.5 Research Instrument
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Questionnaire
  • 3.8.1 Interview
  • 3.8.2 Key Informants Interview
  • 3.8.3 Observation
  • 3.9 Ethical Consideration
  • 3.10 Statistical Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Presentation and Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Re-statement of Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypothesis 1
  • 4.5 Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary of Findings
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation

REFERENCES

APPENDIX A - “QUESTIONNAIRE”

ABSTRACT

Cervical screening is the process of detecting and removing abnormal tissue or cells in the cervix before cervical cancer develops. The aim of the study is to examine the Knowledge and Perception of Cervical Cancer Screening among University of Benin Female Students. In achieving this aim, the following specific objectives were laid out as follows to: determine the knowledge and acceptability of Cervical Cancer Screening, assess the knowledge, attitude and practice towards cervical cancer and screening among University of Benin Female Students, carry out health education on cervical cancer and screening, which is the intervention group, and assess the effect of health education on knowledge, attitude and uptake of cervical cancer screening among Female Students in University of Benin. The research design used in this report is descriptive design, utilizing questionnaire method to obtain information from the respondents for this project. Primary data were collected from the primary source which questionnaire was used as an instrument of data collection while secondary data were sources from textbooks, journals, newspapers and the internet were employed. The data were presented on a frequency distribution table and analyzed using simple percentage, while hypothesis was tested using chi-square test. The study will be beneficial to teachers which are stakeholders in health and are means through which the twin goal of health for all and education for all can be achieved. Therefore reducing morbidity and mortality among them through cervical cancer prevention is paramount to the achievement of millennium development goals. Based on the findings, it is recommended that creating awareness for cervical cancer through mass media campaign on television, radio, national newspaper, local or community newspaper by the relevant department of the Ministry of Health


Knowledge and Perception of Cervical Cancer Screening among University of Benin Female Students

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 Introduction

Cervical cancer is the most common form of cancer among women in developing countries. Hospital based data in Nepal also showed cervical cancer is most commonly occurring cancer among women in Nepal. Pap smear is the very significant screening test for reduction of incidence and mortality from cervical cancer and many developing countries failed to obtained high coverage of target population (Sherpa et al., 2015). Possible reasons for a low participation in cervical cancer screening include; ignorance of the existence of such test, ignorance of importance of screening or lack of risk awareness and the risk factors to the development of cervical cancer, absence of symptoms and lack of awareness of centers where such services are obtainable, and lack of motivation to get screened (Aniebue & Aniebue 2010).

As a prelude to other parts of this study, this chapter will discuss the background upon which this study was initiated, the statement of problems that led to this study, the Aim and Objectives of the study. Others are Significance of the study, Scope of work, Limitations of the Study and Definition of technical terms.

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

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