📚 Departmental Project and Seminar Proposal Topics with Materials
Accountancy / Accounting
Agricultural Engineering (AE)
Banking and Finance (BF)
Business Administration and Management (BAM)
Computer Engineering
Curriculum Studies
Economics Education
Education
Electrical Electronics Engineering (EEE)
English Education
Estate Management (EM)
Integrated Science Education
Library and Information Science (LIS)
Marketing (MKT)
📚 (2023) Project / Seminar Proposal Topics and Materials
Mass Communication (MC)
Pharmaceutical Technology / Science
Political Science
Public Health
Purchasing and Supply (PS)
Science Laboratory Technology (SLT)
Surveying and Geoinformatics
Transport Management Technology
Entrepreneurial Skills
👗 Ankara Craft
🎂 Cake Making
📹 CCTV Installation
🧀 Chin-Chin Making
🛫 China Goods Importation
🍩 Doughnut Making
🎋 Hair Braiding Tutorial
🍪 How to Make Eggrolls
🎀 How to tie Gele
👄 Make-Up Guide
🕸 Pom-Pom Rug Making
💼 See More Skills to Learn


Compose Post Website URL Search Ad. Post Advert
Anonymous
Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumonia in Pneumonia Patients A Case Study of Unth Enugu
S

Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumonia in Pneumonia Patients

Project / Seminar Material
Reference ID: PS-224-TM

DEDICATION

This research work titled "Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumonia in Pneumonia Patients (A Case Study of Unth Enugu)" is dedicated to God for his enabling grace and to all computer enthusiasts who help to make life a pleasant experience.



i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I owe my indebtedness to my Supervisor (Name of your Supervisor), the Head of Department (Name of your HOD), the Lecturers in the department of Architecture, Book Authors and Profound Scholars of existing/related research work for your moral support that facilitated the successful completion of my (Tertiary Institution level). I am grateful to God Almighty and my parent for their financial support in my career. I really appreciate you all for everything, Thank you very much.



ii


Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumonia in Pneumonia Patients (A Case Study of Unth Enugu)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preliminary Pages

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background …

Chapter Two

Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction

Chapter Three

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction

Chapter Four

Results and Discussion

  • 4.1 Introduction

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation

References




iii

ABSTRACT

The Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumonia in Pneumonia Patients using university of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH) Enugu as a case study was carried out based on the fact of the pneumonia is one of the commonest afflictions of the aged people and children worldwide. A total of 50 samples were collected. 12 (24%) of the sample were from sputum while 38 (76%) were from nasopharyned swabs from children who can not produce sputum using sterilized disposable swab sticks. 12 (24%) of the patients were adults and 38 (76%) were children under the age of the. 29 (58%) of the patients were made while 21 (42%) were female. The media used for isolation of bacteria were blood agar and chocolate agar plates. This was followed by their appropriate biochemical tests 5 different organisms were isolated. They streptococcus pneumonia's 13 (26%) staphylococcus 17 (34%) streptococcus viridian's 3(6%) other staphylococcus species 6(12%) mixed growth of staphylococcus aureus and streptococcus species 1(2%) and non —significant growth of staphylococci and streptococci 10(20%). This study shows that the frequency of staphylococcus aureus is prater than streptococcus pneumonia's which was earlier regarded as the most common pathogen that cause pneumonia.




iv


Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumonia in Pneumonia Patients (A Case Study of Unth Enugu)

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction
Bacterial an something cause severe infection in children the elderly and other people with weakened immune system is people that are more susceptible to infection because of an overal impairment of the immune response example Hiv infection chronic resease advanced aged and or function of defense mechanisms (example smoking chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) tumours inhaled toxins and aspiration (Stephen 2002).
The trachea, bronchi and lungs are normally free from communal and potentially pathogenic bacteria, but when their reference are upset they are liable to be invaded by organization from the throat or nose (fraser, 1996) one of the commonest infection of the lower respiratory tract is pneumonia (Jawetz, et ,2001).

1.1 Pathophysiology Of Bacterial Pneumonia
It is known that the inflammation of the lengs is called pneumonia it is pneumonia's that result in the filling of alveoli with pus and fluid is called pneumonia (Naster et al 2001). Macrophages are numerous in the long issues and reality move into the alveoli and air ways to engaful infection agents, thus helping to prevent pneumonia from developing but when there is upset of the defense mechanism, causative agents are then likely to enviable the host (Yolande and Broduem 1987).
Pneumonia is an infection caused by different bacterial like streptococcus pneumonia, staphylococcus aureus, pneumococci etc. and in several case can lead to death for instance, William henry Harrison, the with president of the united states, contracted pneumonia during his inauguration in 1841 and ride after being in office for only 31 days. Other notable persons to succumb to pneumonia include sir Francis bacon in 1626, who died after staffing chikens with now while conducting freezing experimente and Thomas stonewal Jackson in 1863, whose arm required amputation after he was shot by one of his own sentries (Stephen 2002). Pneumonia is prevalent in cold weather and during raing season.

1.2 Classification Of Pneumonia
Pneumonia can be classified into three:
  1. Acute, hospital—acquired
  2. Acute, community—acquired
  3. Chronic pneumonia (Inglis 1996)

Acute Community Acquired:
This is defined as pneumonia whose onset occurs either prior to or immediately after mission to hospital. It is one of the classics of pneumonia that cause death worldwide (Fraser, 1996).
Patients with acute pneumonia usually have cough, chest signs and fever. The cough may or may not be productive of purulent sputum (Stephen, 2002). The most important consequence of actuate pneumonia is improvement of respiratory function, which should be assessed as a first priority ( Frasch and concopcion, 2000).
Acute Hospital Acquired:
This type of pneumonia affects smoker, patient with prior chest disense or following operation (especially thoracis and upper abdominal) and ventillated critically patient (inglis, 1996). The last group have the highest relative risk (Ross, 1994).
Chronic Pneumonia:
This have a more insidious onset and prolong course than actuate pneumonia. There is no single symptom complex, so the diagnosis is often bused on radiological finding (Frasch and cocaplion, 2002). Cough may productive of parnlent sputum occasionally blood stained.

1.3 Causes Of Pneumonia
Cause for the development of pneumonia are extrinsic or intrinsic and various bacteria causative against exist (Nester et al 2001).
Extrinsic factor include exposure to a causative agent pulmonary irratante, or direct pulmonary injury, while intrinsic factor are related to the host.
In most cause, the primary infection is casued by qa virus eg Rhinovirus, Adanovirus etc. but there is often a secondary infection with a bacteria pathogen from the upper respiratory tract, most ommon is streptococcus pneumonia Gawatz et al, 2001) the streptococcus pneumonia also know as pnumococcus appears to be the primary cause of many cases of pneumonia, particularly ldorar and bronche pneumonia with Homophiles influenza as a frequent co- pathogen (Fraser, 1996) but often these pneumonic infection are triggered by a proceeding viral infection of the upper respiratory tract such as common cold (Wisconsin, 2003).
Other secondary invaders of the lower respiratory tract that can cause pneumonia are staphylococcus aureus, which may cause fatal pneumonia after streptococcus pneumonia (Staphen, 2002). Haemophilus influenza, Kiabsiella pneumonia etc Jawetz at al 2001).

1.4 Justification Of The Study
Pneumonia infection is one of the major cause of death world wide and the infection is increasing rapidly in Enugu metropolis with streptococcus pneumoniae as the major pathogen (Okafor 1992). Therefore there is need to find out if this virulent organism is actually the primary bacterium that causes premnonia in Enugu metropolis. Although, many persons carry these bacteria harmlessly in their threat, mouth and nasopharyux and these are likely to contaminate the sputum as it is expected through the throat and mouth so as the commensal in nasopharynx which can equally contaminate the nasopharyueal swab (Ross, 1994).

1.5 Aims And Objective of Study
The aims and objective of this work are:
  1. To isolate bacterial pathogens form pneumonia patients.
  2. To ascertain the prevalence of streptococcus pneumonia in pneumonia patient using UNTH as a cast study.
  3. To determine the aga group and sex that are more susceptible to this infection.

1.6 Hypothesis
  • Ho streptococcus pneumonia's causes pneumonia
  • H1 streptococcus does not cause pneumonia
  • H2 Streptococcus Pneumoniae have insight relationship on sex and age

1.7 Statement Of Problem
Streptococcus pneumoniae is regarded as the commonest cause of pneumonia both in children and adults. Other bacteria have also been implicated as the cause of disease in severe case pneumonia can lead 15 death.

1.8 Diagnosis
In pneumonia patients streptococcus pneumoniae and other organisms (Causative pathogens) are diagnosed when they are grown from cultures of sterile fluids such as sputum from adult and nasopherynged swab as in case of children who are unable to produce sputum the clinical presentation varies from the mildly to extremely ill patients (Wisconsin 2003).
Straptococcue pneumonia and other causative bacteria can be isolated from specimens when cultured on blood agar and chocolate agar plates. Media have been described which facilitate the isolation of small numbers of pneumococci from sputum heavily contaminated with secondary invaders form throat and mouth commensals of 5% horse blood is affective incubation should be in 5-10 % coq (Gilks, 1997).
A list of biochemical tests are used in identify the presence of these bacteria. Catalase optochin sensitive test and bile solubility test for streptococcus pneumonia's congulase test for staphylococcus aureus satellition test for Haemophilus influenza and citrate utilization for Klebsiella pneumoniae (Cheesbrough 1984).

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the review of related literature. A literature review includes the current knowledge as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. It documents the state of the art with respect to the topic you are writing. It surveys the literature in the topic selected. In this research work the literature review includes the …

Complete Material Chapters of Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumonia in Pneumonia Patients A Case Study of Unth Enugu

Order Complete Material with Preferred Acquisition Method

Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumonia in Pneumonia Patients (A Case Study of Unth Enugu) Complete Material can be acquired by placing an order for the material which will be sent in Microsoft Word (MS-Word) Format and the cost of acquisition is ₦3,000.

For Mobile Money (MoMo) and Researchers Outside Nigeria, Kindly Request Complete Material via WhatsApp.


METHOD #1

Request Complete Material

Complete Material Chapters of Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumonia in Pneumonia Patients A Case Study of Unth EnuguClick here to request the Complete Material via WhatsApp including;
  • Preliminary Pages, Chapter 1-5, References, and Appendix.


METHOD #2

Account Details - For USSD / POS Transfer

Details


Account Name: Sparklyn Services
Account No: 1222599051
Account Type: Current
Bank Name: Zenith Bank PLC

After transaction, kindly inform Us with the contact details above.


METHOD #3

Sparklyn Services, duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) under the Federal Law with RC: 2994849 operates on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site is secured and safe!

Order Complete Material with Card
Full Name
Phone Number
Email Address
Currency Type
Research Topic

By ordering complete material, it means that you've accepted or agreed to our terms of use.

Secured by Paystack

Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumonia in Pneumonia Patients


Disclaimer for Complete Material Utilization

The displayed research work titled "Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumonia in Pneumonia Patients" is stated as a research guideline towards accomplishing your assigned project / seminar research work. All the research materials on this website are ONLY for research purposes and should be used as a guideline in developing your research work. For no reason should you copy word for word as Sparklyn Services (sparklyn.com.ng) will not be liable for any who copied the material.
By ordering the complete research guideline, it signifies that you've accepted our terms of service.


Didn't find your Preferred Topic? Perform an Instant Topic Search

Your preferred topic wasn't listed? Click here to view more Architecture proposal topics

Proposal Writing Format under Architecture


Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumonia in Pneumonia Patients is a proposal topic for final year research work, which comprises the major and elective project proposal writing sections for Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumonia in Pneumonia Patients (A Case Study of Unth Enugu) research work.

Major Sections
  • Motivation for Embarking on the Project

  • Brief Background of Study

  • Statement of Problems

  • Aim of the Study

  • Specific Objectives of the Study

  • Significance of the Study (Who benefits from the project and how?)

Elective Sections
  • Relevant Research Questions

  • Relevant Research Hypotheses


Defense Procedure for Architecture Researchers


Know your Project / Seminar Work (Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumonia in Pneumonia Patients): Here are the key point to study if your work is cumbersome or not.

  • Abstract

CHAPTER ONE

  • Motivation / Statement of Problems
  • Aims & Objective of Study
  • Scope of Study
  • Significance of Study

CHAPTER TWO

  • State two or more citation from your review of related literature.

CHAPTER THREE

  • Know the methodologies, tools and techniques used.

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Justification of your work and things to adhered to before using the system or research work.

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Conclusion and Recommendation

Dress Code: Your dress code should be cooperate wear for example; putting on suit and tie during project defense gives you an automatic mark without a word.

External Examiner / Supervisor Questioning & Student Answering: Questions will come from the research work, any difficult or unknown question, kindly say "Sorry Sir/Madam, the question is not within my scope of study".


List of Departmental Project Proposal Topics


Summary Headlines for Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumonia in Pneumonia Patients




    NEED HELP? CALL US 24/7:
    +234 803 051 1988